Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

A Digital Signature is the electronic form of physical signature. It serves as the identity proof of the individual or business for transactions taking place online or on other electronic means. A Digital Signature Certificate is issued in form of a USB token and is used to sign documents automatically. A DSC is used for online filing of ITR, business incorporation, filing annual returns, e-tenders, etc.

There are three types of Digital Signatures, Class I, Class II and Class III Digital Signature. DSCs are issued by Certifying Authorities licensed to issue digital signatures under the Information Technology Act. Digital Signatures are issued by the Certifying Authorities within 3-7 working days. A Digital Signature issued by a Certifying Authority is valid for a period of 1-2 years.

Get Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

Documents required for obtaining DSC

  1. Identity proof like PAN card, Aadhaar card or Voter ID card
  2. Address proof like water or electricity bill, house tax receipt or rent agreement.

Process to get a Digital Signature Certificate

After the documents are received, the DSC application is drafted and submitted for approval. The details mentioned in the DSC form and the documents provided along with it are verified and the USB Token is issued by the Certifying Authority.


What is a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)?
Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) is the electronic format of physical or paper certificate like a driving License, passport etc. Certificates serve as proof of identity of an individual or organization for a certain purpose on online / computer.
What are the different classes of Digital Signature Certificates?
The different classes of DSC include: Class 1 Certificate: Class 1 certificate is issued to individuals/private subscribers. Class 2 Certificate: This certificate is issued for both business personnel and private individuals use. Class 3 Certificate: This certificate is issued to individuals as well as organizations.
Are Digital Signature Certificates legally valid in India?
Yes, as per Information Technology Act, 2000 in India, Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) are legally valid in India.
Who issues a DSC in India?
Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) are issued by licensed Certifying Authorities under the Ministry of Information Technology, Government of India as per the Information Technology Act.
Why is a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) required?
A Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) Certificate authenticates the user’s identity electronically. DSC also provides a high level of security for online transactions by ensuring absolute privacy of the information exchanged using a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC).
Where can Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) be used?
DSC can be used for any of the following purposes: 1. For sending and receiving digitally signed and encrypted emails/ documents. 2, For carrying out secure web-based transactions. 3. In e-tenders, e-procurement, for ROC e-filing, for e-filing of ITR, etc. 4. For signing documents like MS Word, MS Excel and PDFs.
What is the cost of obtaining a Digital Signature Certificate?
The cost of obtaining a digital signature certificate may vary as there are many entities issuing DSCs and their charges may differ. Kindly check with Certifying Authority directly for charges.
What is the validity of a Digital Signature Certificate?
The Certifying Authorities are authorized to issue a Digital Signature Certificate with a validity of 1-2 years.
What DSC must be obtained for e-filing on the MCA Portal?
DSC of Class 2 and Class 3 category issued by a licensed Certifying Authority (CA) needs to be obtained for e-filing on the MCA Portal.
Can a person have two Digital Signatures?
Yes, a person can have 2 DSCs.