Under what circumstances can a Private Interest Litigation be taken as Public Interest Litigation or Social Interest Litigation (PIL/SIL)?
When can a Private Interest Litigation be taken as Public Interest Litigation or Social Interest Litigation (PIL/SIL)?
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In an appropirate case, where the petitioner might have moved a court in her private interest and for redressal of the personal grievance, the court in furtherance of Public Interest may treat it a necessity to enquire into the state of affairs of the subject of litigation in the interest of justice. Thus a private interest case can also be treated as public interest case. A new branch of proceedings known as ´Social Interest Litigation´ or ´Public Interest Litigation´ was evolved with a view to render complete justice to the aforementioned classes of personal. The courts exercising power of judicial review found to its dismay that the poorest of the poor, depraved, the illiterate, the urban and rural unorganized labour sector, women, children, handicapped by ´ignorance, indigence and illiteracy´ and other down trodden have either no access to justice or had been denied justice.
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Tags: Constitutional Matter