A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that anyone can file in a court against any person or other entity for their actions that violate interest of the public at large. A PIL is like a tool that can be used when the rights of the person filing the petition are violated along with a section of society.
A PIL can be filed in the Supreme Court or any High Court to protect the fundamental rights of the public violated by someone’ act. A PIL may be filed against a factory causing pollution, construction affecting the public or any such social issue to protect the rights of people.
The petition is drafted by the lawyer which includes the details of the petitioner, the matter raised and the entity against whom the petition is filed. A Public Interest Litigation can be filed in either a High Court or the Supreme Court. If the PIL is filed in a High Court, 2 copies of the petition are filed. An advance copy is sent to the opposite party.
If the petition is filed in the Supreme Court, 5 copies are filed. A copy of the petition is served to the opposite party when the notice is served. The court fee is paid according to the number of respondents.