A marriage is said to be registered when the marriage certificate is obtained as the legal document making it official that the marriage has taken place. A marriage can be registered when the ceremony has already taken place between two people and the it fulfils all the requisite conditions for a valid marriage.
The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 lays down the provisions for marriage registration for Hindus including Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs. The Special Marriage Act, 1954 is the secular law that makes it possible for people from different religions, castes and creed to get married and get their marriage registered.
A marriage between Hindus (Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains) can be registered under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. To obtain a marriage certificate, the required documents along with the marriage registration form are submitted to the Registrar which has jurisdiction over the area where the husband and wife have been residing for a period of at least 6 months. Once the documents and form are accepted by the Registrar, the marriage certificate is granted.
A marriage between 2 people of different religions, castes or creeds can be registered under the Special Marriage Act. When the bride and groom have not been married priorly and need to get married first, the process of a court marriage would be applicable. When the marriage ceremony has been performed already, a marriage certificate can be issued after giving a public notice of 30 days. The marriage certificate is issued in 30 days if the Marriage Registrar receives no objections against the notice during this period.
- Application form signed by the husband and wife.
- Proof of birth including the passport, birth certificate or matriculation certificate.
- In case of Special Marriage Act, documentary evidence regarding stay in Delhi of the parties for more than 30 days.
- Affidavit by the bride and groom mentioning the date and place of their marriage, date of birth, nationality and the marital status at the time of marriage.
- Proof of marriage like the marriage invitation card or photographs.
- Affirmation that the parties are not related to each other within the prohibited degree of relationship as per Hindu Marriage Act or Special Marriage Act as the case may be.