Law Commission recommends compulsory registration of marriages
By Team Legistify / 2017-07-08

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With a view to curbing child marriage, checking bigamy and polygamy, and fostering empowerment of women, the Law Commission of India has recommended the compulsory registration of marriages in the country.

In its 270th Report, the Commission has recommended an amendment to the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 to provide for compulsory registration of marriages notwithstanding the religion of the parties.

This is not the first time that compulsory registration has been called for in India. Being a signatory to the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), India was called upon to speedily enact legislation to require compulsory registration of all marriages.

Earlier, the National Commission for Women had drafted a Compulsory Registration of Marriages Bill, 2005. Then, in 2006, the Supreme Court, in Seema v. Ashwani Kumar , held that marriages of all persons who are citizens of India belonging to various religions should be registered compulsorily in their respective states.

In 2012, following the directions of the apex court, another Bill to amend the Registration of Births and Deaths Act was tabled in Parliament. The Bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha in August 2013, but lapsed in the Lok Sabha.

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