Provision

Except in the cases hereinafter excepted, culpable
homicide is murder, if the act by which the death is caused is done with the intention of causing death, or-
secondly.-If it is done with the intention of causing such bodily injury as the offender knows to be likely to cause the death of the person to whom the harm is caused. or-
Thirdly.-If it is done with the intention of causing bodily injury to any person and the bodily injury intended to be inflicted is sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death, or-
Fourthly.-If the person committing the act knows that it is so imminently dangerous that it must, in all probability, cause death, or such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, and commits such act without any excuse for incurring the risk of causing death or such injury as aforesaid.                                

 Exception 1.-When culpable homicide is not murder.-Culpable homicide is not murder if the offender, whilst deprived of the power of self-control by grave and sudden provocation, causes the death of the person who gave the provocation or causes the death of any other person by mistake or accident.
The above exception is subject to the following provisos:-
First.-That the provocation is not sought or voluntarily provoked by the offender as an excuse for killing or doing harm to any person.
Secondly.-That the provocation is not given by anything done in obedience to the law, or by a public servant in the lawful exercise ofthe powers of such public servant.
Thirdly.-That the provocation is not given by anything done in the lawful exercise of the right of private defence.
Explanation.-Whether the provocation was grave and sudden enough to prevent the offence from amounting to murder is a question of fact.


Simply put

Section 300 defines murder with reference to culpable homicide defined in Section 299. Homicide is the causing of the death of one person by another. Homicide may be culpable, and culpable homicide may amount to murder.
Homicide is culpable homicide simpliciter if death is caused by the doing of an act with the intention of causing, or with the knowledge that the doer of the act is likely by such act to cause death; or with the intention or knowledge of causing death under the following circumstances, namely:
1. If the offender, whilst deprived of the power of self control under grave and sudden provocation, causes the death of the person who gave the provocation, or causes the death of any other person by mistake or accident.
2. If the offender, whilst exercising in good faith the right of private defence, exceeds the power given by the law and causes the death of the person against whom he is asserting the right, without premeditation and intention of doing more harm than is necessary for such defence.
3. If the offender causes the death by doing a lawful act in an unlawful manner.
4. If the death is caused in a sudden mutual combat.
5. If the death is caused by valid consent.
Essentials of the offence of murder
The offence is murder in the following cases:
1. If the act is done with the intention of causing death.
2. If the act is done with the intention of causing such bodily injury as the offender knows to be likely to cause the death of the person to whom the harm is caused.
3. If the act is done with the intention of causing such bodily injury as is sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death.
4. If the act is done with the knowledge, that it is so imminently dangerous that it must, in all probability, cause death, or such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, and such act is committed without any excuse for incurring the risk of causing death or injury.



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