SectionsParticulars
Part IProvisions Applicable To Every Part
1Short title, extent and commencement
–(1) This Act may be called the Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1976.(2) It extends to the whole of India.(3) It shall come into force on such date as...
2Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, -(a) “Calibration” means all the operations which are necessary for the purpose of determining the values...
3Provisions of this Act to override the provisions of any other law
The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding any thing inconsistent therewith contained in any enactment other than this Act or in any instrum...
Part IIEstablishment Of Standards Of Weights And Measures
Chapter IStandard Units
4Units of weight or measure to be based on metric system
(1) Every unit of weight or measure shall be based on the units of the metric system(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), -(a) The international system of...
5Base unit of length
(1)The base unit of length shall be the meter.(2) The “meter” is the length equal to 1650 763.73 wave lengths in vacuum of the radiation corresponding to the...
6Base unit of mass
(1)The base unit of mass shall be the kilogram.(2) The “kilogram” is the unit of mass; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram...
7Base unit of time
(1) The base unit of time shall be the second. (2) The “second” is the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition bet...
8Base unit of electric current
(1) The base unit of electric current shall be the ampere.(2) The “ampere” is that constant current which if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of...
9Base unit of thermodynamic temperature
(1)The base unit of thermodynamic  temperature shall be the Kelvin.(2) The “Kelvin” is the fraction 1/273.16 of the thermodynamic  temperature the triple poi...
10Base unit of luminous intensity
(1)The base unit of luminous intensity shall be candela.(2) The “candela” is the luminous intensity, in the perpendicular direction of a surface of 1/600,000...
11Base unit of amount of substance
(1)The base unit of amount of substance shall be the mole.(2) The “mole” is the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as ...
12Supplementary, derived, special and other units of weight or measure-Their symbols, definitions, etc.
(1) The Central Government may, by rules made in this behalf, specify, in relation to the base units of weight or measure, such supplementary, derived, or ot...
13Base unit of numeration
(1) The base unit of numeration shall be the unit of the international form of Indian numerals.(2) Every numeration shall be made in accordance with the deci...
14Standard unit of weight or measure
(1) The base unit of mass specified in Sec. 6 and base units of measures specified in Sec. 5 and Sees. 7 to 11 (both inclusive) and the supplementary and othe...
Chapter IIPhysical Representation Of Standard Units
15National prototypes
(1)For the purpose of deriving the value of the kilogram, the Central Government shall cause to be prepared a national prototype of the kilogram and shall cau...
16National standards
(l)For the purpose of deriving the value of the base units, other than the base unit of mass, the Central Government shall cause to be prepared such objects o...
17National prototype and national standard how to be kept
Every national prototype specified in Sec. 15 and every object or equipment, or both, referred to in Sec. 16, shall be kept in such manner and under such con...
18Reference, secondary and working standards
(1) Every-(a) Reference standard,(b) Secondary standard, and(c) Working standard,Shall conform to the standards established by or under this Act and be veri...
19Power to Central Government to prescribe physical characteristics, etc., of weights and measures
(l)The Central Government shall, in relation to any weight or measure, prescribe the physical characteristics, configuration, constructional details, material...
Chapter IIIStandard Weights And Measures
20Standard weight or measure
(1)Any weight or measure which conforms to the standard units of such weight or measure and also conforms to such of the provisions of Sees. 15 to 19 (both in...
21Use of non -standard weight or measure prohibited
No weight, measure or numeral, other than the standard weight, measure or numeral, shall be used as a standard weight, measure or numeral....
22Manufacture, of non-standard weight or measure prohibited
No weight or measure shall be made or manufactured unless it conforms to the standards of weight or measure established by or under this Act:that the Central ...
23Prohibition with regard to inscriptions, etc.
No weight, measure or other goods shall bear thereon any inscription or indication of weight, measure or number except in accordance with the standard unit of...
Chapter IVCustody And Verification Of Standard Equipments
24Supply, etc. of reference standards
. –(1)The Central Government shall cause to be prepared, for -the purposes of this Act, as many sets of reference standards as it may think necessary and shal...
25Preparation and custody of secondary or working standards
The Central Government shall cause to be prepared, for the purposes of this Act, as many sets of secondary standard or working standard as it may think neces...
26Verification, stamping, etc. of secondary or working standards
(l) Every secondary standard referred to in Sec. 25 shall be verified with the reference standard by such authority as may be prescribed and shall, if found ...
27Secondary or working standard which may be stamped
– Where the Central Government is of opinion that by reason of the size or nature of any secondary standard or working standard referred to in Sec. 25, it is...
Part IIIAppointment And Powers Of Director And Other Staff
28Appointment of Director and other staff
(1)The Central Government may, by notification, appoint a Director of Legal Metrology and as many Additional, Joint, Deputy or Assistant Directors and other o...
29Power of inspection, etc.
(1) The Director or any person authorized to exercise the powers or discharge the functions of the Director, may, if he has any reason to believe, whether fro...
30Forfeiture
Every false or unverified weight or measure, and every false package, used in the course of, or in relation to, any inter-State trade or commerce and seized u...
Part IVInter-State Trade Or Commerce In Weight, Measure Or Other Goods
Chapter IApplicability Of This Part
31Part IV to apply to interstate trade or commerce only
The provisions of this Part shall apply to-(a) Every weight or measure which is, or is intended to be, -(i) Made or manufactured for the purpose of inter-Sta...
Chapter IIGeneral
32Use of weights only or measures only in certain cases
(l) The Central Government may, by rules made in this behalf, direct that in respect of the class of goods or undertakings or users specified therein, no tran...
33Prohibition of quotations, etc. otherwise than in terms of standard units of weights, measures or numeration
Noperson shall, in relation to any goods, thing or service to which this Part applies, -(a) Quote, or make announcement of, whether by word of mouth or other...
34Any custom, usage, etc, contrary to standard weight, measure or numeration to be void
Any custom, usage, practice or method of whatever nature which permits a person to demand, receive, or cause to be demanded or received, any quantity of arti...
35Manufacturers, etc. to maintain records and registers
(l) Every person who-(a) Makes, manufactures, sells, distributes or otherwise disposes of any weight or measure or other goods which are sold, delivered or ...
Chapter IIIApproval Of Models
36Approval of models
(1) Save as otherwise provided in this section, this chapter shall not apply to-(a) Any weight or measure which being subject to verification and stamping und...
37License to manufacture weights or measures when to be issued
(1)Before issuing a license to make or manufacture any weight or measure to which this Part applies, the State Government shall satisfy itself that a certifi...
38Weight or measure to contain number of the approved model, etc.
Every weight or measure to which this Part applies and for which a model has been approved shall bear thereon, in such manner as may be prescribed, the numbe...
Chapter IVCommodities In Packaged Form Intended To Be Sold Or Distributed In The Course Of Inter-State Trade Or Commerce
39Quantities and origin of commodities in packaged form to be declare
(1)No person shall-(a) Make, manufacture, pack, sell, or cause to be packed or sold; or(b) Distribute, deliver, or cause to be distributed or delivered, or(...
Chapter VVerification And Stamping Of Weights And Measures Sent From One State To Another
40Definitions
. -Inthis chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, -(a) “Controller” means the person appointed as such by the State Government under the State law;(b)...
41Verification and stamping of weights and measures sent from one State to another
(1)Where any weight or measure, sent from a transferor State for delivery, sale or use in a transferee State, is such that-(a) It is not required to be dism...
42Weight or measure of the first category to be presumed to be correct throughout the territory of India
. -(1)Every weight or measure of the first category which is stamped with the special seal referred to in sub-section (3) of Sec. 41 shall be presumed to be ...
43Weight or measure of the first category not to be sold or used in any State unless it is stamped in the transfer or State
No weight or measure of the first category shall be used, sold, purchased, delivered or otherwise transferred any transferee State unless such weight or meas...
44Weights or measures of the second category received from transferor State to be produced before the local Inspector of the transferee State
(1)Every person in a transferee State who receives or delivers for sale or use therein any weight or measure of the second category shall, after its re-assem...
45Procedure when any weight or measure is transferred from a transferee State to another State
Where any weight or measure, which being in use in a transferee State, is sent to, or delivered in, any other State for sale or use in such other State, then...
46Manufacturers, etc., who send any weight and measure to any other State to submit return to the Controller
Everymanufacturer, dealer or other person in a transferor State, who sends to, or delivers in, any transferee State any weight or measure, whether of the fir...
Part VImport And Export Of Weights And Measures
Chapter IRegistration Of Exporters And Importers
47Persons exporting or importing any weight or measure to get themselves registered
(1)No dealer or manufacturer shall export or import any weight or measure unless he is registered under this section as such exporter or importer, as the cas...
Chapter IIExport And Import Of Weights, Measures And Commodities In Packaged Form
49Non-metric weight or measure not to be imported
(1)Save as otherwise provided in sub-section (2), no weight or measure, whether singly or as a part or component of any machine or machinery, shall be importe...
Part VIOffences And Their Trial
50Penalty for use of non-standard weights or measures
Whoever uses any weight or measure or makes any numeration otherwise than in accordance with the standards of weight or measure or the standards of numeration...
51Penalty for contravention of Sec. 18
. –Whoever tampers with, or alters, in any way, any reference standard, secondary standard, or working standard except where such alteration is made for the c...
52Penalty for contravention of Sec. 22
Except where any weight or measure is made or manufactured, with the permission of the Central Government, exclusively for export, every person who makes or m...
53Penalty for contravention of Sec. 23
Except where any weight or measure is made or manufactured, with the permission of the Central Government, exclusively for export, every person who makes or m...
54Penalty for contravention of Sec. 29
Whoever obstructs the Director or any person authorized to exercise the powers or discharge the functions of the Director (hereafter, in this Part referred to...
55Penalty for contravention of Sec. 32
Whoever, in the course of any inter-State trade or commerce, makes any transaction, deal or contract in contravention of the provisions of Sec. 32 shall be pu...
56Penalty for contravention of Sec. 33
Whoever, in the course of any inter-State trade or commerce, contravenes the provisions of Sec. 33 shall be punished with fine, which may extend to two thousa...
57Penalty for contravention of Sec. 34
Whoever, in the course of any inter-State trade or commerce, -(i) Sells, delivers, or causes to  be sold or delivered to the purchaser any quantity or number ...
58Penalty for contravention of Sec. 35
Whoever, being required by or under this Act so to do, without any reasonable excuse, omits or fails to maintain any record or register, or being required by ...
59Penalty for contravention of Sec. 36
Whoever, being required by Sec. 36 to submit the model of any weight or measure for approval, omits, or fails, without any reasonable excuse, so to do, shall ...
60Penalty for manufacture of weights or measures unless approval of model is in force
(l)Whoever makes or manufactures any weight or measure, which is, or is intended to be, sold, distributed delivered or otherwise transferred in the course of...
61Penalty for contravention of Sec. 38
Whoever makes or manufactures any weight or measure without complying with the requirements of Sec. 38 shall be punished with fine which may extend to five th...
62Penalty for sale, etc. of unverified weights or measures in the course of Inter-State trade or commerce
Whoever, in the course of inter-State trade or commerce, sells, distributes, delivers or otherwise transfers any weight or measure which does not conform to t...
63Penalty for contravention of Sec. 39
Whoever, in the course of inter-State trade or commerce, sells, distributes, delivers or otherwise transfers, or causes to be sold, distributed, delivered or ...
64Penalty for contravention of Sec. 47
–Whoever exports or imports any weight or measure without being registered under this Act shall be punished with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees...
65Penalty for contravention of Sec. 48
Every person who exports any weight or measure or commodity in packaged form which does not conform to the standards of weight or measure established by or un...
66Penalty for contravention of Sec. 49
Whoever contravenes, without any reasonable excuse, the provisions of Sec. 49, shall be punished with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees, and, for ...
67Penalty where no specific penalty is provided
Whoever contravenes any provisions of this Act for the contravention of which no punishment has been separately provided in any of the provisions of this Act,...
68Presumption to be made in certain cases
(1)If any person in the course of inter-State trade or commerce, uses, or causes to be used, sells, distributes, delivers or otherwise transfers, or causes to...
69Penalty for personation of officials
Whoeverpersonates, in any way, the Director, or any authorized officer, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years....
70Penalty for giving false information or false returns
(1) Whoever gives information to the Director or the authorized officer which he may require or ask for in the course of his duty and which such person either...
71Vexatious actions
(1) An authorized officer who knows that there are no reasonable grounds for so doing, and yet-(a) Searches, or causes to be searched, any house, conveyance o...
72Cognizance of offences, etc.
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), -[(a) No Court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under th...
73Compounding of offences
Any offence punishable under Sec. 50, Sec. 55, Sec. 56, Sec. 57, Sec. 58, Sec. 59, Sec. 60, Sec. 63, Sec. 64, Sec. 65, See. 66 or Sec. 67 may, either before o...
74Offences by companies and power of Court to publish name, place of business, etc. of companies convicted'
(1) If an offence under this Act is committed by a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to ...
75Provisions of Indian Penal Code not to apply to any offence punishable under this Act
The provisions of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (45 of 1860), in so far as such provisions relate to offences with regard to weights and measures, shall not app...
Part VIITraining Institute
76Establishment of a Training Institute and provisions for training there at
(1)There shall be established by the Central Government, at such place as it may think fit, an Institute to be known as the “Indian Institute of Legal Metrol...
77Training at other places
Where the Central Government is of opinion that in addition to the training imparted at the Institute, it is necessary to impart to an employee, not below the...
Miscellaneous
78Survey and statistics
The Central Government shall make, or cause to be made, such surveys and collect, or cause to be collected, such statistics as it may consider necessary with ...
79Conversion of non-metric weights and measures into standard units of weights or measures
(1)The value expressed in terms of any unit of weight or measure other than in terms of the standard units of weight or measure may be converted into the val...
80Non-metric weight or measure not to be mentioned in any document, etc. or to form the basis of any contract after the commencement of this Act
(1)No unit of weight, measure or numeration shall, after the commencement of this Act, be stated in any enactment, notification, rule, order, contract, deed ...
81Appeals
(1)Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), any person aggrieved by an order made under Sec. 30 or Sec. 36 may prefer an appeal against such order to the...
82Levy of fees
(l)The Central Government may, by rules made under Sec. 83, specify such fees, not exceeding(a) Five thousand rupees, for the approval of the model of any wei...
83Power to make rules
(l)The Central Government may, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the genera...
84Continuance of certain weights and measures during transitional period
(1) Notwithstanding that this Act has come into force in respect of any area or class of goods or undertakings or class of weights and measures or users of w...
85Repeal and savings
(1)The Standards of Weights and Measures Act, 1956 (89 of 1956), is hereby repealed.(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in the General Clauses A...
Schedule
(1) Length: 1 inch  =                 =0.0254 meter1 foot  =                 =0.3048 meter1 yard =                 =0.9144 meter...
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