Sections Particulars
Chapter I Preliminary
1 Short title and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Railways Act, 1989. (2) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Ga...
2 Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,- (1) "authorized" means authorized by a railway administration; (2) "carriage" means the carriage of passen...
Chapter II Railway Administrations
3 Zonal Railways
(1) The Central Government may, for the purpose of the efficient administration of the Government railways, by notification, constitute such railways into as ...
4 Appointment of General Manager
(1) The Central Government shall, by notification, appoint a person to be the General Manager of a Zonal Railway. (2) The general superintendence and control o...
Chapter III Commissioners of Railway Safety
5 Appointment of Chief Commissioner of Railway Safety and Commissioners of Railway Safety
The Central Government may appoint a person to be the Chief Commissioner of Railway Safety and such other persons as it may consider necessary to be the Commi...
6 Duties of Commissioner
The Commissioner shall- (a) inspect any railway with a view to determine whether it is fit to be opened for the public carriage of passengers and report thereo...
7 Power of Commissioner
Subject to the control of the Central Government, the Commissioner, whenever it is necessary so to do for any of the purposes of this Act, may- (a) enter upon...
8 Commissioner to he public servant
The Commissioner shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860). ...
9 Facilities to be afforded to Commissioners
A railway administration shall afford to the Commissioner all reasonable facilities for the discharge of the duties or for the exercise of the powers imposed ...
10 Annual report of Commissioners
The Chief Commissioner of Railway Safety shall prepare in each financial year an annual report giving a full account of the activities of the Commissioners du...
Chapter IV Construction and Maintenance of Works
11 Power of railway administrations to execute all necessary works
Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, but subject to the provisions of this Act and the provisions of any law for t...
12 Power to alter the position of pipe, electric supply fine, drain or sewer, etc.
(1) A railway administration may, for the purpose of exercising the powers conferred on it by this Act, alter the position of any pipe for the supply of gas, ...
13 Protection for Government property
Nothing in sections 11 and 12 shall authorize- (a) a railway administration of the Government railway to do anything on or to any works, lands or buildings ves...
14 Temporary entry upon land to remove obstruction, to repair or to prevent accident
(1) Where in the opinion of a railway administration- (a) there is imminent danger that any tree, post or structure may fall on the railway so as to obstruct t...
15 Payment of amount for damage or loss
(1) No suit shall lie against a railway administration to recover any amount for any damage or loss caused in the exercise of the powers conferred by any of t...
16 Accommodation works
(1) A railway administration shall make and maintain the following works for the accommodation of the owners and occupiers of lands adjoining the railway, nam...
17 Power of owner, occupier, State Government or local authority to cause additional accommodation works to be made
(1) If an owner or occupier of' any land affected by a railway considers the works made under section 16 to be insufficient for the use of the land, or if the...
18 Fences, gates and bars
The Central Government may, within such time as may be specified by it or within such further time, as it may grant, require that- (a) boundary marks or fences...
19 Over-bridges and under-bridges
(1) Where a railway administration has constructed lines of rails across a public road at the same level, the State Government or the local authority maintain...
20 Power of Central Government to give directions for safety
Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, the Central Government may, if it is of the opinion that any work undertaken or may be undertaken, is lik...
Chapter V Opening of Railways
21 Sanction of the Central Government to the opening of railway
No railway shall be opened for the public carriage of passengers until the Central Government has, by order, sanctioned the opening thereof for that purpose. ...
22 Formalities to be complied with before giving sanction to the opening of a railway
(1) The Central Government shall, before giving its sanction to the opening of a railway under section 21, obtain a report from the Commissioner that- (a) he ...
23 Sections 21 and 22 to apply to the opening of certain works
The provisions of sections 21 and 22 shall apply to the opening of the following works if they form part of, or are directly connected with, a railway used fo...
24 Temporary suspension of traffic
When an accident has occurred on a railway resulting in a temporary suspension of traffic, and either the original lines of rails and works have been restored...
25 Power to close railway opened for the public carriage of passengers
Where, after the inspection of any railway opened and used for the public carriage of passengers or any rolling stock used thereon, the Commissioner is of the...
26 Re-opening of closed railway
When the Central Government has, under section 25, directed the closure of a railway or the discontinuance of the use of any rolling stock- (a) the railway sha...
27 Use of rolling stock
A railway administration may use such rolling stock as it may consider necessary for the construction, operation and working of a railway: that before using an...
28 Delegation of powers
The Central Government may, by notification, direct that any of its powers or functions under this Chapter, except section 29, or the rules made thereunder sh...
29 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generali...
Chapter VI Fixation of Rates
30 Power to fix rates
(1) The Central Government may, from time to time, by general or special order fix, for the carriage of passengers and goods, rates for the whole or any part ...
31 Power to classify commodities or alter rates
The Central Government shall have power to- (a) classify or reclassify any commodity for the purpose of determining the rates to be charged for the carriage of...
32 Power of railway administration to charge certain rates
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, a railway administration may, in respect of the carriage of any commodity and subject to such conditions a...
Chapter VII Railway Rates Tribunal
33 Constitution of the Railway Rates Tribunal
(1) There shall be a Tribunal, to be called the Railway Rates Tribunal, for the purpose of discharging the functions specified in this Chapter. (2) The Tribun...
34 Staff of the Tribunal
(1) The Tribunal may, with the previous approval of the Central Government appoint such officers and employees as it considers necessary for the efficient dis...
35 Sittings of the Tribunal
The Tribunal may sit at such place or places as it may find convenient for the transaction of its business. ...
36 Complaints against a railway administration
Any complaint that a railway administration- (a) is contravening the provisions of section 70; or (b) is charging for the carriage of any commodity between two ...
37 Matters not within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal
Nothing in this Chapter shall confer jurisdiction on the Tribunal in respect of- (a) classification or re-classification of any commodity; (b) fixation of whar...
38 Powers of the Tribunal
(1) The Tribunal shall have the powers of the civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) for the purposes of taking evidence on oath, enf...
39 Reference to the Tribunal
Notwithstanding anything contained in section 37, the Central Government may make a reference to the Tribunal in respect of any of the matter specified in tha...
40 Assistance by the Central Government
(1) The Central Government shall give to the Tribunal such assistance as it may require and shall also place at its disposal any information in the possession...
41 Burden of proof, etc.
In the case of any complaint under clause (a) of section 36,- (a) whenever it is shown that a railway administration charges one trader or class of traders or ...
42 Decision, etc., of the Tribunal
The decisions or orders of the Tribunal shall be by a majority of the members sitting and shall be final. ...
43 Bar of jurisdiction of courts
No suit shall be instituted or proceeding taken in respect of any matter which the Tribunal is empowered to deal with, or decide, under this Chapter. ...
45 Revision of decisions given by the Tribunal
Where a railway administration considers that since the date of decision by the Tribunal, there has been a material change in the circumstances on which it wa...
46 Execution of decisions or orders of the Tribunal
The Tribunal may transmit any decision or order made by it to a civil court having local jurisdiction and such civil court shall execute the decision or order...
47 Report of the Central Government
The Tribunal shall present annually a report to the Central Government of all its proceedings under this Chapter. ...
48 Power of the Tribunal to make regulations
(1) The Tribunal may, with the previous approval of the Central Government make regulations consistent with this Act and rules generally to regulate its proce...
Chapter VIII Carriage of Passengers
49 Exhibition of certain timings and Tables of fires at stations
(1) Every railway administration shall cause to be pasted in a conspicuous and accessible place at every station in Hindi and English and also in the regional...
50 Supply of tickets on payment of fare
(1) Any person desirous of traveling on a railway shall, upon payment of the fare, be supplied with a ticket by a railway servant or an agent authorized in th...
51 Provision for case in which ticket is issued for class or train not having accommodation for additional passengers
(1) A ticket shall be deemed to have been issued subject to the condition of availability of accommodation in the class of carriage and the train for which th...
52 Cancellation of ticket and refund
If a ticket is returned for cancellation, the railway administration shall cancel the same and refund such amount as may be prescribed.  ...
53 Prohibition against transfer of certain tickets
A ticket issued in the name of a person shall be used only by that person : Provided that nothing contained in this section shall prevent mutual transfer of ...
54 Exhibition and surrender of passes and ticket
Every passenger shall, on demand by any railway servant authorized in this behalf, present his pass or ticket to such railway servant for examination during t...
55 Prohibition against traveling without pass or ticket
(1) No person shall enter or remain in any carriage on a railway for the purpose of traveling therein as a passenger unless he his with him a proper pass or t...
56 Power to refuse to carry persons suffering from infections or contagious diseases
(1) A person suffering from such infectious or contagious diseases, as may be prescribed, shall not enter or re main in any carriage on a railway or travel in...
57 Maximum number of passengers for each compartment
Subject to the approval of the Central Government, every railway administration shall fix the maximum number of passengers which may be carried in each compar...
58 Earmarking of compartment, etc., for ladies
Every railway administration shall, in every train carrying passengers, earmark for the exclusive use of females, one compartment or such number of berths or ...
59 Communication between passengers and railway servant in charge of train
A railway administration shall provide and maintain in every train carrying passengers, such efficient means of communication between the passengers and the r...
60 Power to make rule in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to, the general...
Chapter IX Carriage of Good
61 Maintenance of rate-books, etc., for carriage of goods
Every railway administration shall maintain, at each station and at such other places where goods are received for carriage the rate-books or other documents ...
62 Conditions for receiving, etc., of goods
(1) A railway; administration may impose conditions, not inconsistent with this Act or rules made thereunder, with respect to the receiving, forwarding, carry...
63 Provision of risk rate
(1) Where any goods are entrusted to a railway administration for carriage, such carriage shall, except where owner’s risk rate is applicable in respect of su...
64 Forwarding note
(1) Every person entrusting any goods to a railway administration for carriage shall execute a forwarding note in such form as may be specified by the Central...
65 Railway receipt
(1) A railway administration shall,- (a) in a case where the goods are to he loaded by a person entrusting such goods, on the completion of such loading; or (b...
66 Power to require statement relating to the description of goods
(1) The owner or a person having charge of any goods which are brought upon a railway for the purposes of carriage by railway, and the consignee or the endors...
67 Carriage of dangerous or offensive goods
(1) No person shall take with him on a railway, or require a railway administration to carry such dangerous or offensive goods, as may be prescribed, except i...
68 Carriage of animals suffering from infectious or contagious diseases
A railway administration shall not be bound to carry any animal suffering from such infectious or contagious disease as may be prescribed. ...
69 Deviation of route
Where due to any cause beyond the control of a railway administration or due to congestion in the yard or any other operational reasons, goods are carried ove...
70 Prohibition of undue preference
A railway administration shall not make or give any undue or unreasonable preference or advantage to, or in favor of, any particular person or any particular ...
71 Power to give direction in regard to carriage of certain goods
(1) The Central Government may, if it is of the opinion that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, by general or special order, direct any railway ...
72 Maximum carrying capacity for wagons and trucks
(1) The gross weight of every wagon or truck bearing on the axles when the wagon or truck is loaded to its maximum carrying capacity shall not exceed such lim...
73 Punitive charge for overloading a wagon
Where a person loads goods in a wagon beyond its permissible carrying capacity as exhibited under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), or notified under sub-se...
74 Passing of property in the goods covered by railway receipt
The property in the consignment covered by a railway receipt shall pass to the consignee or the endorsee, as the case may be, on the delivery of such railway ...
75 Section 74 not to affect right of stoppage in transit or claims for freight
Nothing contained in section 74 shall prejudice or affect- (a) any right of the consignor for stoppage of goods in transit as an unpaid vendor (as defined unde...
76 Surrender of railway receipt
The railway administration shall deliver the consignment under a railway receipt on the surrender of such railway receipt: that in case the railway receipt is ...
77 Power of railway administration to deliver goods or sale proceeds thereof in certain cues
Where no railway receipt is forthcoming and any consignment or the sale proceeds of any consignment are claimed by two or more persons, the railway administra...
78 Power to measure, weigh, etc.
Notwithstanding anything contained in the railway receipt, the railway administration may, before the delivery of the consignment, have the right to- (i) re-m...
79 Weighment of consignment on request of the consignee or endorsee
A railway administration may, on the request made by the consignee or endorsed, allow weighment of the consignment subject to such conditions and on payment o...
80 Liability of railway administration for wrong delivery
Where a railway administration delivers the consignment to the person who produces the railway receipt it shall not be responsible for any wrong delivery on t...
81 Open delivery of consignments
Where the consignment arrives in a damaged condition or shows signs of having been tampered with and the consignee or the endorsee demands open delivery, the ...
82 Partial delivery of consignments
(1) The consignee or endorsee shall, as soon as the consignment or part thereof is ready for delivery, take delivery of such consignment or part thereof notwi...
83 Lien for freight or any other sum due
(1) If the consignor, the consignee or the endorsee fails to pay on demand any freight or other charges due from him in respect of any consignment, the railwa...
84 Unclaimed consignment
(1) If any person fails to take delivery of- (a) any consignment; or (b) the consignment released from detention made under sub-section (1) of section 83; or (...
85 Disposal of perishable consignments in certain circumstances
(1) Where by reason of any flood, land-slip, breach of any lines of rails, collision between trains, derailment of, or other accident to a train or any other ...
86 Sales under sections 83 to 85 not to affect the right to suit
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Chapter, the right of sale under sections 83 to 85 shall be without prejudice to the right of the railway administr...
87 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generali...
Chapter X Special Provisions as to Goods Booked to Notified Stations
88 Definitions
In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,- (a) "essential commodity" means an essential commodity as defined in clause (a) of section 2 of the Es...
89 Power to declare notified stations
(1) The Central Government may, if it is satisfied that it is necessary that goods entrusted for carriage by train intended solely for the carriage of goods t...
90 Disposal of unremoved goods at notified stations
(1) If any goods entrusted for carriage to any notified station by a train intended solely for the carriage of goods are not, removed from such station by a p...
91 Price to he paid to person entitled after deducting dues
(1) Out of the proceeds of any sale of goods under sub-section (1) of section 90 or the price payable therefor under sub-section (4) of that section, the rail...
92 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generali...
Chapter XI Responsibilities tf Railway Administrations as Carriers
93 General responsibility of a railway administration as carrier of goods
Save as otherwise provided in this Act, a railway administration shall be responsible. for the loss, destruction, damage or deterioration in transit, or non-d...
94 Goods to be loaded or delivered at a siding not belonging to a railway administration
(1) Where goods are required to be loaded at a siding not belonging to a railway administration for carriage by railway, the railway administration shall not ...
95 Delay or retention in transit
A railway administration shall not be responsible for the loss, destruction, damage or deterioration of any consignment proved by the owner to have been cause...
96 Traffic passing over railways in India and railways in foreign countries
Where in the course of carriage of any consignment from a place in India to a place outside India or from a place outside India to a place in India or from on...
97 Goods carried at owner's risk rate
Notwithstanding anything contained in section 93, a railway administration shall not be responsible for any loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-de...
98 Goods in defective condition or defectively packed
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, when any goods entrusted to a railway administration for carriage- (a) are...
99 Responsibility of a railway administration after termination of transit
(1) A railway administration shall be responsible as a bailee under sections 151, 152 and 161 of the Indian Contract- Act, 1872 (9 of 1872), for the loss, des...
100 Responsibility as carrier of luggage
A railway administration shall not be responsible for the loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-delivery of any luggage unless a railway servant has...
101 Responsibility as a carrier of animals
A railway administration shall not be responsible for any loss or destruction of, or injuries to, any animal carried by railway arising from fright or restive...
102 Exoneration from liability in certain cases
Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, a railway administration shall not be responsible for the loss, destruction, d...
103 Extent of monetary liability in respect of any consignment
(1) Where any consignment is entrusted to a railway administration for carriage by railway and the value of such consignment has not been declared as required...
104 Extent of liability in respect of goods carried in open wagon
Where any goods, which, under ordinary circumstances would be carried in covered wagon and would be liable to damage, if carried otherwise, are with the conse...
105 Right, of railway administration to cheek contents of certain consignment or luggage
Where the value has been declared under section 103 in respect of any consignment a railway administration may make it a condition of tarrying such consignmen...
106 Notice of claim for compensation and refund of over charge
(1) A person shall not be entitled to claim compensation against a railway administration for the loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-delivery of ...
107 Applications for compensation for loss, etc., of goods
An Application for compensation for loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-delivery of goods shall be filed against the railway administration on who...
108 Person entitled to claim compensation
(1) If a railway administration pays compensation for the loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-delivery of goods entrusted to it for carriage, to t...
109 Railway administration against which application for the compensation for personal injury is to be filed
An. application before the Claims Tribunal for compensation for the loss of life or personal injury to a passenger, may be instituted against,- (a) the railwa...
110 Burden of proof
In an application before the Claims Tribunal for compensation for less, destruction or non-delivery of any goods, the burden of proving-  (a) the monetary los...
111 Extent of liability of railway administration in respect of accidents at sea
(1) When a railway administration contracts to carry passengers or goods partly by railway and partly by sea, a condition exempting the railway administration...
112 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generali...
Chapter XII Accident
113 Notice of railway accident
(1) Where, in the course of working a railway (a) any accident attended with loss of any human life, or with grievous hurt, as defined in the Indian Penal Code...
114 Inquiry by Commissioner
(1) On the receipt of notice under section 113 of the occurrence of an accident to a train carrying passengers resulting in loss of human life or grievous hur...
115 Inquiry by railway administration
Where no inquiry is held by the Commissioner under sub-sections (1) of section 114 or where the Commissioner has informed the railway administration under sub...
116 Powers of Commissioner in relation to inquiry
(1) For the purpose of conducting, an inquiry under this Chapter into the, causes of any accident on a railway, the Commissioner shall, in addition to the pow...
117 Statement made before Commissioner
No statement made by a person in the course of giving evidence in an inquiry before the Commissioner shall subject him to, or be used against him in, any civi...
118 Procedure, etc.
Any railway administration or the Commissioner conducting an inquiry under this Chapter may send notice of the inquiry, to such persons, follow such procedure...
119 No inquiry, investigation, etc., to he made if the Commission of inquiry is appointed
Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Chapter, where a Commission of Inquiry is appointed under, the Commissions of Inquiry A...
120 Inquiry into accident not covered by section 113
Where any accident of the nature not specified in section 113 occurs in the course of working a railway, the railway administration within whose jurisdiction ...
121 Returns
Every railway administration shall send to the Central Government, a return of accidents occurring on its railway, whether attended with injury to any person ...
122 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carryout the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generalit...
Chapter XIII Liability of Railway Administration for Death and Injury to Passengers Due to Accident
123 Definitions
In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,- (a) "accident" means, an accident of the nature described in section 124; (b) "dependant" means any of...
124 Extent of liability
When in the course of working a railway, an accident occurs, being either a collision between trains of which one is a train carrying passengers or the derail...
124A Compensation on account of untoward incidents
When in the course of working a railway an untoward incident occurs, then whether or not there has been any wrongful act, neglect or default on the part of t...
125 Application for compensation
(1) An application for compensation under section 124 4[or section 124A] may be made to the Claims Tribunal  (a) by the person who has sustained injury or suf...
126 Interim relief by railway administration
(1) Where a person who has made an application for compensation under section 125 desires to be paid interim relief, he may apply to the railway administratio...
127 Determination of compensation in respect of any injury or loss of goods
(1) Subject to such rules as may be made, the rates of compensation payable in respect of any injury shall be determined by the Claims Tribunal. (2) The compe...
128 Saying as to certain rights
(1) The right of any person to claim compensation under section 124 6[or section 124A] shall not affect the right of any such person to recover compensation p...
129 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generalit...
Chapter XIV Regulation of Hours of Work and Period of Rest
130 Definitions
In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,- (a) the employment of a railway servant is said to be "continuous" except when it is excluded or has b...
131 Chapter not to apply to certain railway servants
Nothing in this Chapter shall apply to any railway servant to whom the Factories Act, 1949 (63 of 1948) or the Mines Act, 1952 (35 of 1952) or the Railway Pro...
132 Limitation of hours of work
(1) A railway servant whose; employment is essentially intermittent shall not be employed for more than seventy-five hours in any week. (2) A railway servant ...
133 Grant of periodical rest
(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a railway servant- (a) whose employment is intensive or continuous shall, for every week commencing on a Sunday...
134 Railway servant to remain on duty
Nothing in this Chapter or the rules made thereunder shall, where due provision has been made for the relief of a railway servant, authorize him to leave his ...
135 Supervisors of railway labor
(1) Subject to such rules as may made in this behalf, the Central Government may appoint supervisors of railway labor. (2) The duties of supervisors of railway...
136 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Chapter. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generali...
Chapter XV Penalties and Offences
137 Fraudulently traveling or attempting to travel without proper pass or ticket
(1) If any person, with intent to defraud a railway administration,- (a) enters or remains in any carriage on a railway or travels in train in contravention o...
138 Levy of excess charge and fare for traveling without proper pass or ticket or beyond authorized distance
(1) If any passenger,- (a) being in or having alighted from a train, fails or refuses to present for examination or to deliver up his pass or ticket immediate...
139 Power to remove persons
Any person failing or refusing to pay the fare and the excess charge referred to in section 138 may be removed by any railway servant authorized in this behal...
140 Security for good behavior in certain cases
(1) When a court convicting a person of an offence under section 137 or section 138 finds that he has been habitually committing or attempting to commit that ...
141 Needlessly interfering with means of communication in a train
If any passenger or any other person, without reasonable and sufficient cause, makes use of, or interferes with, any means provided by a railway administratio...
142 Penalty for transfer of tickets
(1) If any person not being a railway servant or an agent authorized in this behalf- (a) sells or attempts to sell any ticket or any half of a return ticket; ...
143 Penalty for unauthorized carrying on of business of procuring and supplying of railway tickets
(1) If any person, not being a railway servant or an agent authorized in this behalf,- (a) carries on the business of procuring and supplying tickets for trav...
144 Prohibition on hawking, etc., and begging
(1) If any person canvasses for any custom or hawks or exposes for sale any article whatsoever in any railway carriage or upon any part of a railway, except u...
145 Drunkenness or nuisance
If any person in any railway carriage or upon any part of a railway-  (a) is in a state of intoxication; or (b) commits any nuisance or act of indecency or use...
146 Obstructing railway servant in his duties
If any person willfully obsturct5s or prevents any railway servant in the discharge of his duties, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which m...
147 Trespass and refusal to desist from trespass
(1) If any person enters upon or into any part of a railway without lawful authority, or having lawfully entered upon or into such part misuses such property ...
148 Penalty for making a false statement in an application for compensation
If in any application for compensation under section 125, any person makes statement which is false or which he knows or believes to be false or does not beli...
149 Making a false claim for compensation
If any person requiring compensation from a railway administration for loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-delivery of any consignment makes a cla...
150 Maliciously wrecking or attempting to wreck a train
(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2) if any person unlawfully,- (a) puts of throws upon or across any railways, any wood, stone or other matter or...
151 Damage to or destruction of certain railway properties
(1) If any person, with intent to cause, or knowing that he is likely to cause damage or destruction to any property of a railway referred to in sub-section (...
152 Maliciously hurting or attempting to hurt persons traveling by railway
If any person unlawfully throws or causes to fall or strike at against, into or upon any rolling stock forming part of a train, any wood, stone or other matte...
153 Endangering safety of persons traveling by railway by willful act or omission
If any persons by any unlawful act or by any willful omission or neglect, endangers or causes to be endangered the safety of any person traveling on or being ...
154 Endangering safety of persons traveling by railway rash or negligent act or omission
If any person in a rash and negligent manner does any act, or omit to do what he is legally bound to do, and the act or omission is likely to endanger the saf...
155 Entering into compartment reserved or resisting entry into a compartment not reserved
(1) If any passenger- (a) having entered a compartment wherein no berth or seat has been reserved by a railway administration for his use, or (b) having unauth...
156 Traveling on roof, step or engine of a train
If any passenger or any other person, after being warned by a railway servant to desist, persists in traveling on the rood, step or footboard of any carriage ...
157 Altering or defacing pass or ticket
If any passengers willfully alters or defaces his pass or ticket so as to render the date, number or any material portion thereof illegible, he shall be punis...
158 Penalty for contravention of any of the provision of Chapter XIV
Any person under whose authority any railway servant is employed in contravention of any of the provisions of Chapter XIV or of the rules made thereunder shal...
159 Disobedience of drivers or conductors of vehicles to directions of railway servant, etc.
If any driver or conductor of any vehicle while upon the premises of a railway disobeys the reasonable directions of any railway servant or police officer, he...
160 Opening or breaking a level crossing gate
(1) If any person, other than a railway servant or a person authorized in this behalf, opens any gate or chain or barrier set up on either side of a level cro...
161 Negligently crossing unmanned level crossing
If any person driving or leading a vehicle is negligent in crossing an unmanned level crossing, he shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to o...
162 Entering carriage or other place reserved for females
If a male person knowing or having reason to believe that, a carriage, compartment, berth or seat in a train or room or other place is reserved by a railway a...
163 Giving false account of goods
If any person required to furnish an account of goods under section 66, gives an account which is materially false, he and, if he is not the owner of the good...
164 Unlawfully bringing dangerous goods on a railway
If any person, in contravention of section 67, takes with him any dangerous goods or entrusts such goods for carriage to the railway administration, he shall ...
165 Unlawfully bringing offensive goods on a railway
If any person, in contravention of section 67, takes with him any offensive goods or entrusts such goods for carriage to the railway administration, he shall ...
166 Defacing public notices
If any person without lawful authority-  (a) pulls down or willfully damage any board or document set up or posted by the order of a railway administration on ...
167 Smoking
(1) No person in any compartment of a train shall, if objected to by any other passenger in that compartment, smoke therein. (2) Notwithstanding anything conta...
168 Provision with respect to commission of offence by the children of acts endangering safety of person traveling on railway
(1) If a person under the age of twelve years is guilty of any of the offences under sections 150 to 154, the court convicting him may require the father or g...
169 Levy of penalty on non-Government railway
If a non-Government railway fails to comply with, any requisition made, decision or direction given, by the Central Government, under any of the provisions of...
170 Recovery of penalty
Any penalty imposed by the Central Government from under section 169, shall be recoverable by a suit in the District Court having jurisdiction in the place wh...
171 Section 169 or 170 not to preclude Central Government from taking any other action
Nothing in section 169 or 170 shall preclude the Central Government from resorting to any other action to compel a non-Government railway to discharge any obl...
172 Penalty for intoxication
If any railway servant is in a state of intoxication while on duty, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees and when the perf...
173 Abandoning train, etc., without authority
If any railway servant, when on duty, is entrusted with any responsibility connected with the running of a train, or of any other rolling stock from one stati...
174 Obstructing running of train, etc.
If any railway servant (whether on duty or otherwise) or any other person obstructs or causes to be obstructed or attempts to obstruct any train or other rol...
175 Endangering the safety of persons
If any railway servant, when on duty, endangers the safety of any person-  (a) by disobeying any rule made under this Act; or (b) by disobeying any instruction...
176 Obstructing level crossing
If any railway servant unnecessarily-  (a) allows any rolling stock to stand across a place where the railway crosses a public road on the level : or (b) keeps...
177 False returns
If any railway servant required to furnish a return by or under this Act, signs and furnishes a return which is false in any material particular or which he k...
178 Making a false report by a railway servant
If any railway servant who is required by a railway administration to inquire into a claim for loss, destruction, damage, deterioration or non-delivery of any...
179 Arrest for offences under certain sections
(1) If a person commits any offence mentioned in sections 137, 141 to 147, 150 to 157, 160 to 162, 164, 166, 168 and 172 to 175, he may be arrested without wa...
180 Arrest of persons likely to abscond, etc.
(1) If any person who commits any offence under this Act, other than an offence mentioned in section 179, or is liable to pay any excess charge or other sum d...
181 Magistrate having jurisdiction under the Act
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), no court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Judicial M...
182 Place of trial
(1) Any person committing an offence under this Act or any rule made thereunder shall be triable for such offence in any place in which he may be or which the...
Chapter XVI Miscellaneous
183 Power to provide other transport services
(1) A railway administration may, for the purpose of facilitating the carriage of passengers or goods or to provide integrated service for such carriage, prov...
184 Taxation on railways by local authorities
(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law, a railway administration shall not be liable to pay any tax in aid of the funds of an...
185 Taxation on railways for advertisement
(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law, a railway administration shall not be liable to pay any tax to any local authority in...
186 Protection of action taken in good faith
No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Central Government, any railway administration, a railway servant or any other person f...
187 Restriction on execution against railway property
(1) No rolling stock, machinery, plant, tools, fittings, materials or effects used or provided by a railway administration for the purpose of traffic on its r...
188 Railway servants to be public servants for the purposes of Chapter IX and section 409 of the Indian Penal Code
(1) Any railway servant, who is not a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), shall be deemed to be a public se...
189 Railway servants not to engage in trade
A railway servant shall not-  (a) purchase or bid for, either in person or by an agent, in his own name or in that of another, or jointly or in shares with oth...
190 Procedure for delivery to railway administration of property detained by a railway servant
If a railway servant is discharged from service or is suspended, or dies or absconds or absents himself, and he or his wife or widow or any member of his fami...
191 Proof of entries in records and documents
Entries made in the records or other document of a railway administration shall be admitted in evidence in all proceedings by or against the railway administr...
192 Service of notice, etc., on railway administration
Any notice or other document required or authorized by this Act to be served on a railway administration may be served, in the case of a Zonal Railway, on the...
193 Service of notice, etc., by railway administration
Unless otherwise provided in this Act or the rules framed thereunder, any notice or other document required or authorized by this Act to be served on any pers...
194 Presumption where notice is served by post
Where a notice or other document is served by post, it shall be deemed to have been served at the time when the letter containing it would be delivered in the...
195 Representation of railway administration
(1) A railway administration may, by order in writing, authorize any railway servant or other person to act for, or represent it, as the case may be, in any p...
196 Power to exempt railway from Act
(1) The Central Government may, by notification, exempt any railway from all or any of the provisions of this Act. (2) Every notification issued under sub-sect...
197 Matters supplemental to the definitions of "railway" and "railway servant"
(1) For the purposes of sections 67, 113, 121, 123, 147, 151 to 154, 160, 164, 166, 168, 170, 171, 173 to 176, 179, 180, 182, 184, 185, 187 to 190, 192, 193, ...
198 General power to make rules
Without prejudice to any power to make rules contained elsewhere in this Act, the Central Government may make rules generally to carry out the purposes of thi...
199 Rules to be laid before Parliament
Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period ...
200 Repeal and saving
(1) The Indian Railways Act, 1890 (9 of 1890), is hereby repealed. (2) Notwithstanding the repeal of the Indian Railways Act, 1890 (9 of 1890) (hereinafter re...
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