1Short title, extent and commencement
1. Short  title, extent  and commencement, This  Act may  be  called the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 It extends to the whole of India. It  shall come  int...
2Definitions
2.  Definitions.- In  this  Act,  unless  the  context  otherwise requires,-- "area",  in relation to any provision of this Act, means such area  as the...
3Necessity for driving licence
3. Necessity for driving licence. No person  shall drive a motor vehicle in any public place unless he holds an effective driving licence issued  to him ...
4Age limit in connection with driving of motor vehicles
4. Age limit in connection with driving of motor vehicles. No person under  the age of eighteen years shall drive a motor vehicle in any public place: Prov...
5Responsibility of owners of motor vehicles for contravention
5. Responsibility of owners of  motor  vehicles  for  contravention  of sections 3 and 4. No owner or person in charge of a motor vehicle shall cause  or...
6Restrictions on the holding of driving licences
6. Restrictions on the holding of driving licences. No person shall, while he holds any driving licence for the time being in force, hold any other driving...
7Restrictions on the granting of learner's licences for certain vehicles
7. Restrictions  on  the  granting  of  learner's  licences  for  certain vehicles. No person shall be granted a learner's licence-- to  drive a  heavy g...
8Grant of learner's licence
8. Grant  of  learner's  licence.  Any  person  who  is  not disqualified under  for driving  a motor vehicle and who is not for the time being disquali...
9Grant of driving licence
9. Grant  of driving  licence. Any person who is not for the time being disqualified for holding or obtaining a driving licence may apply to the licensi...
10Form and contents of licences to drive
10. Form  and contents  of licences to drive. Every learner's licence and  driving licence,  except a  driving licence  issued under section 18,shall be...
11Additions to driving licence
Any  person  holding  a driving licence  to drive  any class or description of motor vehicles, who is  not for the time being disqualified for holding or...
12Licensing and regulation of schools or establishments
12. Licensing and  regulation of  schools or  establishments for imparting instruction in driving of motor vehicles. The Central Government may make rule...
13Extent of effectiveness of licences, to drive motor vehicles
13. Extent of effectiveness of licences, to drive motor vehicles. A learner's  licence or  a driving licence issued under this Act shall be effective thro...
14Currency of licences to drive motor vehicles
14. Currency of licences to drive motor vehicles. A learner' icence issued  under this  Act shall, subject to the other provisions of this  Act, be effec...
15Renewal of driving licences
15. Renewal of driving licences. Any licensing authority may, on application  made to  it, renew  a driving licence issued under the provisions of this ...
16Revocation of driving licence on grounds of disease or disability
Notwithstanding   anything  contained  in  the  foregoing sections, any  licensing authority  may at  any time  revoke a driving licence or  may require...
17Orders refusing or revoking driving licences and appeals there-from
Where a  licensing authority  refuses  to  issue  any learner's licence  or to  issue or  renew,  or  evokes,  any  driving licence, or  refuses to add a ...
18Driving licences to drive motor vehicles
Such  authority as  may be  prescribed by the Central Government may issue driving licence valid throughout India to persons who  have completed  their  e...
19Power of licensing authority to disqualify from holding
If a licensing authority is satisfied,  after  giving  the  holder  of  a  driving  licence  an opportunity of being heard, that he-- is a habitual crim...
20Power of Court to disqualify
Where a person is convicted  of an  offence under  this Act  or of  an offence in the commission of  which a  motor vehicle  was used,  the Court  by whic...
21Suspension of driving licence in certain cases
Where, in relation to  a person  who had been previously convicted of an offence  punishable under a case is registered by a police officer  on the  alleg...
22Suspension or cancellation of driving licence on conviction
Without  prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (3) of section 20 where  a person,  referred to  in sub-section  (1) of is convicted of  an offence  o...
23Effect of disqualification order
A person in respect of whom any disqualification order is made under or  shall be  debarred to  the extent and for the period specified in such order from...
24Endorsement
The  Court or  authority making an order of disqualification shall  endorse or  cause  to  be  endorsed  upon  the driving licence  if any,  held by the p...
25Transfer of endorsement and issue of driving licence free from endorsement
  An  endorsement on any driving licence shall be transferred to  any new  or duplicate  driving licence obtained by the holder thereof  until the holder...
26Maintenance of State Registers of Driving Licences
Each State Government  shall maintain, in such form as may be prescribed by the Central  Government, a  register to be known as the State Register of Driv...
27Power of Central Government to make rules
The Central Government may make rules-- regarding  conditions referred  to in sub-section (2) of providing  for the  form in  which the  application  fo...
28Power of State Government to make rules
A  State Government may  make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter other than the matters specified in  section  ...
29Necessity for conductor's licence
No person shall act as a  conductor  of  a  stage  carriage  unless  he  holds  an  effective conductor's licence  issued to  him authorising  him to  act...
30Grant of conductor's licence
Any person who possesses such minimum  educational qualification  as may  be prescribed  by the State Government  and is  not disqualified  under sub-se...
31Disqualifications for the grant of conductor's licence
No person under the age of eighteen years shall hold, or be granted, a conductor's licence. The  licensing authority  may refuse  to issue  a conductor'...
32Revocation of a conductor's licence on grounds of disease or disability
A  conductor's licence  may at  any time be revoked by any  licensing authority  if  that  authority  has  reasonable  grounds  to  believe that  the hold...
33Orders refusing, etc, conductor's licences and appeals there - from
Where a  licensing authority  refuses to issue or renew, or  revokes  any   conductor's  licence,  it  shall  do  so  by  an  order  communicated to  the ap...
34Power of licensing authority to disqualify
If  any licensing authority  is of  opinion that it is necessary to disqualify the holder  of a  conductor's licence  for holding or obtaining such a lice...
35Power of Court to disqualify
Where any person holding a conductor's licence  is convicted  of an  offence under  this Act, the Court by  which such  person is convicted may, in additi...
36Certain provisions of Chapter II to apply to conductor's licence
The  provisions of sub-section (2) of section 6 and 23 , sub-section (1) of and section 25  shall, so far as may  be, apply  in relation to a conductor's ...
37Savings
If any  licence to  act as  a conductor  of a stage carriage (by whatever name called) has been issued in any State and is effective immediately  before t...
38Power of State Government to make rules
A  State Government may  make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter. Without  prejudice to  the generality of the...
39Necessity for registration
  No person shall drive any motor vehicle and  no owner  of a  motor vehicle  shall cause  or permit the vehicle to  be driven in any public place or in an...
40Registration, where to be made
Subject to the provisions of, every owner of a motor vehicle shall cause the vehicle to be registered by a registering authority in whose jurisdiction he ...
41Registration, how to be made
An  application by or on  behalf of  the owner  of a  motor vehicle for registration shall be in  such form  and shall be accompanied by such documents,...
42Special provision for registration of motor vehicles of diplomatic officers, etc
Where an application for registration of a motor  vehicle is  made under sub-section (1) of section 41 by or on behalf  of   any  diplomatic   officer  ...
43Temporary registration
43.  Temporary   registration.   Notwithstanding   anything contained in  section 40 the owner of a motor vehicle may apply to any registering authority...
44Production of vehicle at the time of registration
The registering authority shall before proceeding to register  a  motor  vehicle or renew the certificate of registration in respect of a motor vehicle, o...
45Refusal of registration or renewal of the certificate of registration
The  registering authority  may,  by  order,  refuse  to register any  motor vehicle,  or renew the certificate of registration in respect  of a motor v...
46Effectiveness in India of registration
Subject  to  the provisions of  section 47 a motor  vehicle registered  in accordance with this  Chapter in  any State  shall not  require to  be register...
47Assignment of new registration mark on removal to another State
When a motor vehicle registered in one State has been kept in another State, for a period exceeding twelve months, the owner of the vehicle shall, within ...
48No objection certificate
The  owner of a motor vehicle when applying for the assignment of a new registration mark under sub- section (1) of section 47 or where the transfer of a ...
49Change of residence or place of business
49. Change of residence or place of business. If the owner of a motor  vehicle ceases to reside or have his place of business at the address recorded in...
50Transfer of ownership
Where the ownership of any motor vehicle registered under this Chapter is transferred,-- The transferor shall,-- in the case of a vehicle registered wit...
51Special provisions regarding motor vehicle subject to hire- purchase
Where an application for registration of a motor  vehicle  which  is  held  under  a  hire-purchase,  lease  or hypothecation agreement  (hereafter in t...
52Alteration in motor vehicle
No owner of a motor vehicle shall so alter the vehicle that the particulars contained in the certificate of registration are no longer accurate, unless-- ...
53Suspension of registration
If any registering authority or other prescribed authority has reason to believe that any motor vehicle within its jurisdiction-- is  in such  a conditi...
54Cancellation of registration suspended under section 53
Where the suspension of registration of a vehicle under section 53  has continued without  interruption for  a period  of not  less  than  six months,  th...
55Cancellation of registration
If a motor vehicle has been destroyed or has been rendered permanently incapable of use, the owner shall, within  fourteen days  or as soon as may be, rep...
56Certificate of fitness of transport vehicles
Subject to the provisions of sections 59 and 60 a transport vehicle shall not be deemed to be validly registered for the purposes of section 39 unless it ...
57Appeals
Any  owner of  a motor  vehicle aggrieved by an order of  refusal under  section 45 to register a motor vehicle or to renew to  certificate of registrat...
58Special provisions in regard to transport vehicles
The Central Government  may, having  regard to the number, nature and size of the  tyres attached  to the  wheels of  a transport vehicle, (other than  a   ...
59Power to fix the age limit of motor vehicle
The Central Government may,  having regard  to the  public safety, convenience and objects of  this Act,  by notification in the Official Gazette, speci...
60Registration of vehicles belonging to the Central Government
Such  authority as  the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, may register any motor vehicle which is the property  or...
61Application of Chapter to trailers
61. Application of Chapter to trailers.  The provisions of this Chapter shall apply to the registration of Trailers as they apply to the registration of any o...
62Information regarding stolen and recovered motor vehicles
62. Information regarding stolen and recovered motor vehicles to be furnished by the police to the State Transport Authority. The State Government may, if it ...
63Maintenance of State Registers of Motor Vehicles
63. Maintenance of State Registers of Motor Vehicles. Each State Government shall maintain in such form as may be prescribed by the Central Government a regi...
64Power of Central Government to make rules
64. Power of Central Government to make rules.  The Central Government may make rules to provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:--The period ...
65Power of State Government to make rules
65. Power of State Government to make rules.  A State Government may make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter other ...
66Necessity for permits
66. Necessity for permits. No owner of a motor vehicle shall use or permit the use of the vehicle as a transport vehicle in any public place whether or not su...
67Power to State Government to control road transport
67. Power to State Government to control road transport. A State Government, having regard to--The advantages offered to the public, trade and industry by th...
68Transport Authorities
1.     The State Government shall by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute for the State a State Transport Authority to exercise and discharge the...
69General provision as to applications for permits
69. General provision as to applications for permits. Every application for a permit shall be made to the Regional Transport Authority of the region in which...
70Application for stage carriage permits
70. Application for stage carriage permits. An application for a permit in respect of a stage carriage (in this Chapter referred to as a stage carriage permi...
71Procedure of Regional Transport Authority in considering
71. Procedure of Regional Transport Authority in considering application for stage carriage permit.  A Regional Transport Authority shall, while considering a...
72Grant of stage carriage permits
72.  Grant   of stage carriage permits.  Subject to the provisions of section 71 a Regional Transport Authority may, on an application made to it under secti...
73Application for contract carriage permits
73. Application for contract carriage permits. An application for a permit in respect of a contract carriage (in this Chapter referred to as a contract carria...
74Grant of contract carriage permit
74. Grant of contract carriage permit.  Subject to the provisions of sub-section (3), a Regional Transport Authority may, on an application made to it under ...
75Scheme for renting of motor cabs
75. Scheme for renting of motor cabs. The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make a scheme for the purpose of regulating the bu...
76Application for private service vehicle permit
A Regional Transport Authority may, on an application made to it, grant a private service vehicle permit in accordance with the application or with such mo...
77Application for goods carriage permits
An application for a permit to  use a  motor vehicle  for the carriage of goods for hire or reward or  for the carriage of goods for or in connection with...
78Consideration of application for goods carriage permits
A  Regional Transport Authority shall, in considering an application for a goods  carriage  permit,  have  regard  to  the  following  matters, namely:-- ...
79Grant of goods carriage permit
79. Grant of goods carriage permit.  A  Regional  Transport  Authority may, on an application made to it under section 77 grant a goods  carriage  permi...
80Procedure in applying for and granting permits
80. Procedure in applying for and granting permits.   An application for a permit of any kind may be made at any time. A Regional Transport Authority sh...
81Duration and renewal of permits
81. Duration and renewal of permits.  A permit other than a temporary permit issued under section 87 or a special permit issued under sub-section (8) of...
82Transfer of permit
82. Transfer of permit. Save as provided in sub-section (2), a permit  shall not  be transferable from one person to another except with the  permission ...
83Replacement of vehicles
83. Replacement of vehicles. The holder of a permit may, with the permission of the authority by which the permit was granted, replace any vehicle covere...
84General conditions attaching to all permits
84. General conditions attaching to all permits. The following shall be conditions of every permit-- that  the vehicle  to which  the permit  relates ca...
85General form of permits
85. General form of permits. Every permit issued under this Act shall be complete in it self and shall contain all the necessary particulars of the permi...
86Cancellation and suspension of permits
86. Cancellation and suspension of permits.  The transport authority which granted a permit may cancel the permit or may suspend it for such period as i...
87Temporary permits
87. Temporary permits. A Regional Transport Authority and the State Transport  Authority may  without following  the procedure  laid down in sector 80, g...
88Validation of permits for use outside region in which granted
88. Validation of permits for use outside region in which granted. Except as may be otherwise prescribed, a permit granted by the Regional Transport Auth...
89Appeals
89. Appeals. Any person-- aggrieved  by the  refusal of  the State  or a  Regional Transport Authority  to grant  a  permit,  or  by  any  condition att...
90Revision
90. Revision.  The State  Transport Appellate Tribunal may, on an application made  to it,  call for  the record of any case in which an order has  been m...
91Restriction of hours of work of drivers
No person shall cause or  allow any  person who  is employed by him for the purpose of driving a  transport vehicle or who is subject to his control for...
92Voidance of contracts restrictive of liability
Any contract for the  conveyance of  a passenger  in a  stage carriage  or contract carriage, in  respect of  which a  permit has  been issued  under this...
93Agent or canvasser to obtain licence
No person shall engage himself-- as  an agent  or a canvasser, in the sale of tickets for travel by  public service  vehicles or  in  otherwise  solicit...
94Bar on jurisdiction of Civil Courts
No  Civil Court shall have jurisdiction to entertain any question relating to the grant of a permit under  this Act,  and no  injunction in  respect of  a...
95Power of State Government to make rules
A State  Government may  make  rules  to regulate, in respect of stage carriages and contract carriages and the conduct of passengers in such vehicles. Wi...
96Power of State Government to make rules for the purposes of this Chapter
A State Government may make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter. Without  prejudice to  the generality of the f...
97Definition
In this  Chapter, unless  the context  otherwise requires, "road  transport service"  means a service of motor vehicles carrying passengers or goods or bot...
98Chapter to override Chapter V and other laws
The provisions of this  Chapter and  the rules  and orders made there under shall have effect notwithstanding  anything inconsistent  therewith contained ...
99Preparation and publication of proposal regarding
Where any State Government is  of  opinion  that  for  the  purpose  of  providing  an  efficient,  adequate,   economical  and   properly  co-ordinated  ...
100Objection to the proposal
On the  publication of any  proposal regarding  a scheme  in the  Official Gazette and in not less  than one newspaper in the regional language circulat...
101Operation of additional services by a State transport
Notwithstanding   anything contained in  section 87 a State  transport undertaking  may, in the public interest  operate additional services for the co...
102Cancellation or modification of scheme
The  State Government may,  at any time, if it considers necessary, in the public interest so to do, modify any approved scheme after giving-- the State ...
103Issue of permits to State transport undertakings
Where, in pursuance  of an  approved scheme,  any State transport undertaking applies in such manner as may be prescribed by the State Government in thi...
104Restriction on grant of permits in respect of a notified area or notified route
Where a scheme has been published under sub- section (3) of section 100 in respect of any notified area or notified  route,  the  State  Transport  Author...
105Principles and method of determining compensation and payment thereof
Where,  in exercise  of the  powers conferred by clause (b)  or clause  (c) of  sub-section (2)  of  section  103 any existing permit  is cancelled or t...
106Disposal of article found in vehicles
Where  any article  found in  any  transport  vehicle  operated  by  the  State  transport  undertaking is  not claimed by its owner within the prescribe...
107Power of State Government to make rules
The  State Government may  make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter. In  particular and without prejudice to th...
108Certain powers of State Government exercisable
The powers conferred on the State Government under this Chapter  shall, in  relation to a corporation or company owned or  controlled by  the Central Gove...
109General provision regarding construction and maintenance of vehicles
  Every motor  vehicle shall  be so  constructed  and  so  maintained as  to be  at all  times under the effective control of the person driving the veh...
110Power of Central Government to make rules
The Central Government may  make rules  regulating the construction, equipment and maintenance of  motor vehicles and trailers with respect to all or any ...
111Power of State Government to make rules
A  State Government may  make rules  regulating the construction, equipment and maintenance of motor vehicles and trailers with respect to all matters oth...
112Limits of speed
  No person shall drive a motor vehicle or cause  or allow a motor vehicle to be driven in any public place at  a speed  exceeding the  maximum speed or ...
113Limits of weight and limitations on use
The  State Government may  prescribe the  conditions for the issue of permits for heavy goods vehicles or heavy passenger motor vehicles by the State or...
114Power to have vehicle weighed
Any person authorised in this behalf  by the  State Government may, if he has reason to believe that a  goods vehicle  or trailer  is being  used in  contra...
115Power to restrict the use of vehicles
The State Government or any authority authorised in this behalf by the State Government, if satisfied that  it is  necessary in  the interest  of public s...
116Power to erect traffic signs
  The State Government or any authority authorised in this behalf by the State Government may cause or  permit traffic  signs to  be placed or erected in...
117Parking places and halting stations
The State Government or any authority  authorised in  this behalf by the State Government may, in consultation  with the  local authority  having jurisdic...
118Driving regulations
The   Central  Government  may,  by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations for the driving of motor vehicles....
119Duty to obey traffic signs
Every  driver of  a motor vehicle shall  drive the  vehicle in  conformity with  any  indication given by  mandatory traffic  sign and  in conformity  w...
120Vehicles with left hand control
No person shall drive or cause or allow to be driven in any public place any motor vehicle with a left-hand  steering control  unless it is equipped with ...
121Signals and signalling devices
The  driver  of  a  motor vehicle shall  make such  signals and  on such  occasions  as  may  be prescribed by the Central Government: Provided that  th...
122Leaving vehicle in dangerous position
No person in charge of a  motor vehicle shall cause or allow the vehicle or any trailer to be abandoned  or to  remain at  rest on  any public  place in  ...
123Riding on running board, etc
No person driving or in charge of  a motor vehicle shall carry any person or permit any person to be  carried on  the running board or otherwise than wi...
124Prohibition against travelling without pass or ticket
No person shall enter or remain in any stage carriage for the purposes of travelling therein unless he has with him a proper pass or ticket: Provided that...
125Obstruction of driver
No person  driving a  motor vehicle shall allow  any person to stand or sit or to place anything in such a manner or  position as  to hamper  the driver  ...
126Stationary vehicles
No  person driving  or in  charge of a motor vehicle shall cause or allow the vehicle to remain stationary in any public  place, unless  there is in the d...
127Removal of motor vehicles abandoned or left unattended on a public place
Where  any motor  vehicle  is  abandoned,  or  left unattended, on  a public place for ten hours or more, its removal by a towing  service   may  be   aut...
128Safety measures for drivers and pillion riders
No driver of  a two-wheeled  motor cycle shall carry more than one person in addition  to himself on the motor cycle and no such person shall be carried ...
129Wearing of protective headgear
Every  person  driving  or riding (otherwise than in a side car, on a motor cycle of any class or description) shall,  while  in  a  public  place,  wear ...
130Duty to produce licence and certificate of registration
The driver  of a motor vehicle in any public place shall, on demand by any police officer in uniform, produce his licence for examination: Provided that  ...
131Duty of the driver to take certain precautions
Every  driver  of  a  motor  vehicle  at  the approach of  any unguarded  railway level  crossing  shall  cause  the vehicle to  stop and  the  driver  of...
132Duty of driver to stop in certain cases
The driver of a motor vehicle shall cause the vehicle to stop and remain stationary so long as may reasonably be necessary-- when required to do so by a...
133Duty of owner of motor vehicle to give information
The  owner of  a motor vehicle, the driver or conductor of which is accused  of any  offence under  this Act  shall, on  the demand  of any  police office...
134Duty of driver in case of accident and injury to a person
 When any  person is  injured or  any property  of  a  third  party  is  damaged, as  a result  of an  accident in  which a  motor  vehicle  is involved, ...
135Schemes to be framed for the investigation of accident cases
The  State  Government  may,  by notification in  the Official  Gazette, make  one or  more schemes  to provide for-- an  in depth  study on  causes  an...
136Inspection of vehicle involved in accident
When  any accident occurs  in which  a motor  vehicle is  involved,  any  person authorised in  this behalf  by the State Government may, on production if...
137Power of Central Government to make rules
The  Central Government may  make rules  to provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-- the  occasions on which signals shall be made by ...
138Power of State Government to make rules
The  State Government may  make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter other than the matters specified in section 1...
139Power of Central Government to make rules
  The Central  Government may,  by notification  in the  Official Gazette, make rules for all or any of the following purposes, namely:-- the  grant  and...
140Liability to pay compensation in certain cases on the principle of no fault
  Where death or permanent disablement of any person has resulted from an accident arising out of the use of a motor vehicle or motor vehicles, the owner o...
141Provisions as to other right to claim compensation
The right  to claim compensation under section 140 in respect of death or permanent disablement of any person shall be  in addition  to any  other right  ...
142Permanent disablement
For  the purposes  of this  Chapter, permanent disablement  of a  person shall  be deemed  to have resulted from an  accident of  the nature  referred to ...
143Applicability of Chapter to certain claims under Act 8 of 1923
The  provisions of  this Chapter shall also apply in relation to any  claim   for  compensation   in  respect  of  death  or  permanent disablement of  an...
144Overriding effect
144. Overriding effect. The provisions of this Chapter shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained in any other provision of this Act or of any ...
145Definitions. In this Chapter
  "authorised insurer" means an insurer for the time being carrying on general insurance business in India under the General Insurance Business (Nationalis...
146Necessity for insurance against third party risk
No person shall use, except as a passenger, or cause or allow any other person to  use, a  motor vehicle in a public place, unless there is in  force in  ...
147Requirements of policies and limits of liability
In order to comply with the requirements of this Chapter, a policy of insurance must be a policy which-- is issued by a person who is an authorised insu...
148Validity of policies of insurance issued in reciprocating countries
148. Validity  of policies  of insurance  issued in reciprocating countries. Where, in pursuance of an arrangement between India and any reciprocating  co...
149Duty of insurers to satisfy judgments and awards
If,  after  a certificate of  insurance has  been issued  under sub-section  (3)  of section 147 in favour  of the  person  by  whom  a  policy  has  been...
150Rights of third parties against insurers on insolvency of the insured
Where  under any  contract of  insurance effected in accordance with  the provisions  of this  Chapter, a person is insured against liabilities which he...
151Duty to give information as to insurance
No  person against whom  a claim  is made in respect of any liability referred to in clause  (b) of sub-section (1) of section 147 shall on demand by or...
152Settlement between insurers and insured persons
No settlement made  by an  insurer in respect of any claim which might be made by  a third  party in  respect of  any liability  of  the  nature referre...
153Saving in respect ofsections150, 151and152 Saving in respect
For the purposes of  sections 150,  151and 152 a reference to "liabilities to third parties"  in relation  to a  person insured  under any policy of ins...
154Insolvency of insured persons not to affect liability of insured
Where a certificate of insurance has been issued to the person by whom a policy has been effected, the happening in  relation to any person insured by t...
155Effect of death on certain causes of action
Notwithstanding anything contained  in section 306 of the Indian Succession Act, 1925  (39 of  1925.) the  death of a person in whose favour a certificate...
156Effect of certificate of insurance
When an  insurer  has issued a  certificate  of  insurance  in  respect  of  a  contract  of insurance between the insurer and the insured person, then-- ...
157Transfer of certificate of insurance
Where a person in  whose  favour   the  certificate  of  insurance  has  been  issued  in accordance with  the provisions  of this  Chapter transfers to a...
158Production of certain certificates, licence and permit in certain cases
158. Production of certain certificates, licence and permit in certain cases.  Any person driving a motor vehicle in any public place shall, on being so r...
159Production of certificate of Insurance on application for authority to use vehicle
A State Government may make rules requiring the owner  of any  motor vehicle when applying whether by payment of a tax or otherwise for authority to use t...
160Duty to furnish particulars of vehicle involved in accident
A registering  authority or  the officer in charge of a police station  shall, if  so required  by a person who alleges that he is entitled to claim compe...
161Special provisions as to compensation in case of hit and run motor accident
For the purposes of this section, section 16 2 and section 163 -- "Grievous hurt" shall have the same meaning as in the Indian Penal Code; (45 of 1860.) "...
162Refund in certain cases of compensation paid under section 161
The payment of compensation in respect of the death of, or grievous hurt to, any person under section 161 shall be subject to the condition that if any c...
163Scheme for payment of compensation in case of hit and run motor accidents
The  Central Government  may, by notification in the Official  Gazette, make  a scheme  specifying, the manner in which the scheme shall be administered b...
164Power of Central Government to make rules
The Central Government may make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Chapter, other than the matters specified in section ...
165Claims Tribunals
  A  State   Government  may,   by notification in  the Official  Gazette, constitute  one or  more Motor Accidents Claims  Tribunals (hereafter  in this...
166Application for compensation
An application for compensation arising out of an accident of the nature specified in sub-section (1) of section 165 may be made-- By the person who has ...
167Option regarding claims for compensation in certain cases
Notwithstanding anything  contained in the Workmen's Compensation Act,  (8 of 1923.) where the death of, or bodily injury to, any person gives rise  to a ...
168Award of the Claims Tribunal
On  receipt  of  an application for  compensation  made  under  section  166,  the  Claims Tribunal shall,  after giving notice of the application to th...
169Procedure and powers of Claims Tribunals
In holding any inquiry under  section 168,  the Claims  Tribunal may,  subject to any rules that  may be  made in this behalf, follow such summary procedu...
170Impleading insurer in certain cases
Where in the course of any inquiry, the Claims Tribunal is satisfied that- There is collusion between the person making the claim and the person against w...
171Award of interest where any claim is allowed
Where  any Claims Tribunal  allows a  claim for compensation made under this Act, such  Tribunal   may  direct   that  in  addition  to  the  amount  of c...
172Award of compensatory costs in certain cases
Any Claims  Tribunal adjudicating  upon any claim for compensation under this Act,  may in any case where it is satisfied for reasons to be recorded by it...
173Appeals
Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), any person aggrieved by an award of a Claims Tribunal may, within ninety days from the date of the award, pr...
174Recovery of money from insurer as arrear of land revenue
 Where any  amount is  due from  any person  under an award, the Claims Tribunal may,  on an  application made to it by the person entitled to the amount,...
175Bar on jurisdiction of Civil Courts
Where  any  Claims Tribunal has  been constituted for any area, no Civil Court shall have jurisdiction to  entertain any  question relating  to  any  clai...
176Power of State Government to make rules
A State Government may make  rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of sections  165  to 174, and in particular, such rules may prov...
177General provision for punishment of offences
Whoever contravenes any provision of this Act or of any rule, regulation or notification made thereunder shall, if no penalty is provided for the offence i...
178Penalty for traveling without pass or ticket and for dereliction
Whoever  travels  in  a  stage  carriage without having  a proper pass or ticket with him or being in or having alighted from  a stage  carriage  fails ...
179Disobedience of orders, obstruction and refusal of information
Whoever willfully  disobeys  any  direction  lawfully given by any person or authority empowered under this Act to give such direction, or  obstructs an...
180Allowing unauthorised persons to drive vehicles
Whenever, being the  owner or  person in  charge of  a motor vehicle, causes, or permits, any  other person  who does  not satisfy  the  provisions  of se...
181Driving vehicles in contravention of section 3 or section 4
Whoever, drives  a motor  vehicle in  contravention of  section  3 or section 4 shall be  punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to  t...
182Offences relating to licences
Whoever,   being disqualified under this Act for holding or obtaining a driving licence drives a  motor vehicle  in a  public place  or in any other place...
183Driving at excessive speed, etc
Whoever, drives a motor vehicle in  contravention of  the speed  limits referred to in section 112 shall  be punishable  with fine  which may  extend to...
184Driving dangerously
Whoever,  drives a  motor vehicle at a speed or  in a  manner which is dangerous to the public, having regard to all  the circumstances  of case including...
185Driving by a drunken person or by a person under the influence of drugs
Whoever, while driving, or attempting to drive, a motor vehicle,-- has,  in his  blood, alcohol  in any quantity, howsoever small the quantity may be, or ...
186Driving when mentally or phycically unfit to drive
Whoever drives a motor vehicle in any public place when he is to his knowledge suffering from  any disease  or disability  calculated  to  cause  his driv...
187Punishment for offences relating to accident
Whoever fails to comply  with the  provisions of  clause (c)  of sub-section  (1) of section 132   or of section 133 or section 134  shall be punishable w...
188Punishment for abetment of certain offences
Whoever abets the commission of an offence under section 184, section 185 or section 186 shall be punishable with the punishment provided for the offence....
189Racing and trials of speed
Whoever without  the  written consent of  the State  Government permits  or takes  part in a race or trial of  speed of any kind between motor vehicles in...
190Using vehicle in unsafe condition
Any person who drives or causes  or allows  to be driven in any public place a motor vehicle or trailer  while the  vehicle or  trailer has  any defect, ...
191Sale of vehicle in or alteration of vehicle to condition contravening this Act
Whoever being an importer of or dealer in motor vehicles, sells  or delivers  or offers  to sell  or deliver  a  motor vehicle or  traller in such conditi...
192Using vehicle without registration or permit
Whoever drives a  motor vehicle or causes or allows a motor vehicle to be used in contravention of the provisions of section 39 or without the permit requ...
193Punishment of agents and canvassers without proper authority
Whoever  engages  himself  as  an  agent  or  canvasser  in contravention of  the provisions  of section  93 or  of any rules made thereunder shall  be pu...
194Driving vehicle exceeding permissible weight
194. Driving  vehicle exceeding  permissible weight.  Whoever drives a  motor vehicle  or causes  or allows  a motor  vehicle to  be driven in  contravent...
195Imposition of minimum fine under certain circumstances
Whoever having  been convicted  of an  offence under  this Act  or the rules made  thereunder commits  a  similar  offence  on  a  second  or subsequent o...
196Driving uninsured vehicle
196. Driving uninsured vehicle. Whoever drives a motor vehicle or causes or  allows a motor vehicle to be driven in contravention of the provisions of  ...
197Taking vehicle without authority
Whoever  takes  and drives away any motor vehicle without having either the consent of the owner thereof  or other  lawful authority  shall  be  punisha...
198Unauthorised interference with vehicle
Whoever  otherwise than with  lawful authority or reasonable execuse enters or mounts any stationary motor  vehicle or tampers with the brake or any part ...
199Offences by companies
Where an offence under this Act has been  committed by  a company, every person  who at  the time the offence was  committed, was  in charge of, and was ...
200Composition of certain offences
Any offence  whether committed before  or after  the commencement of this  Act  punishable under section 177, section 178, section 179, section 180 , sect...
201Penalty for causing obstruction to free flow of traffic
Whoever keeps  a disabled  vehicle on  any public  place,  in  such a manner, so  as to  cause impediment to the free flow of traffic, shall be liable  ...
202Power to arrest without warrant
A  police officer in uniform may  arrest without  warrant any  person who  in his  presence commits an  offence punishable  under section  184 or  secti...
203Breath tests
A police officer in uniform may require any person driving or attempting to drive a motor vehicle in a public place to provide one or more specimens of br...
204Laboratory test
 A person, who has been arrested under section 203 may, while  at a police station, be required by a police officer to  provide to  such registered medica...
205Presumption of unfitness to drive
In any proceeding for an offence punishable under section 185 if it is proved that the accused, when requested  by a police officer at any time so to do, ...
206Power of police officer to impound document
Any police officer or  other person  authorised  in  this  behalf  by  the  State Government may,  if he  has reason  to believe that any identification m...
207Power to detain vehicles used without certificate of registration permit, etc
Any police  officer  or  other  person authorised in  this behalf by the  State Government  may, if  he  has reason to  believe that  a motor  vehicle has...
208Summary disposal of cases
The Court taking cognizance of any offence (other than an offence which the Central Government may by rules specify in this behalf) under this Act,-- May,...
209Restriction on conviction
No person prosecuted for an offence punishable under section 183 or section 184 shall be convicted unless-- He was warned at the time the offence was comm...
210Courts to send intimation about conviction
210. Courts to send intimation about conviction. Every Court by which any person holding a driving licence is convicted of an offence under this Act or of...
211Power to levy fee
  Any rule which the Central Government or the State  Government  is  empowered  to  make  under  this  Act  may, notwithstanding the  absence of  any expr...
212Publication, commencement and lying of rules and notifications
The power to make rules under this Act is subject to the condition of the rules being made after previous publication. All rules made under this Act sha...
213Appointment of motor vehicles officers
The State Government may, for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act, establish a Motor Vehicles Department and appoint as officer...
214Effect of appeal and revision on orders passed by original authority
Where an  appeal has  been preferred or an application for revision  has been  made against  any order  passed by an original authority under  this Act,  ...
215Road Safety Councils and Committees
The  Central Government may,  by notification  in the  Official Gazette, constitute for the  country a  National  Road  Safety  Council consisting  of  ...
216Power to remove difficulties
. If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make s...
217Repeal and savings
The Motor Vehicles Act, 1939 (4 of 1939.) and  any law  corresponding to  that Act  in force in any State immediately  before  the  commencement  of  th...
Schedule
Part AMandatory Signs
Part A.--Mandatory Signs The figure 20 is given merely as an example. The actual figures will be as prescribed in each case where this sign is used. The...
Part BPart B
Part B.-- Cautionary Signs The signs  of this  Part shall  be used in conjunction with a red triangular plate,  the centre  of which  shall  be  either  bo...
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