SectionsParticulars
1Short title and extent
s(1) This Act may be called the Minimum Wages Act 1948. (2) It extends to the whole of India....
2Interpretation
In this Act unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context – (a) "adolescent" means a person who has completed his fourteenth year of age but...
3Fixing of minimum rates of wages
(1) The appropriate government shall in the manner hereinafter provided – (a) fix the minimum rates of wages payable to employees employed in an employment s...
4Minimum rate of wages
(1) Any minimum rate of wages fixed or revised by the appropriate government in respect of scheduled employments under section 3 may consist of – (i) a basic...
5Procedure for fixing and revising minimum wages
(1) In fixing minimum rates of wages in respect of any scheduled employment for the first time under this Act or in revising minimum rates of wages so fixed t...
6Advisory committees and sub-committees [Repealed by the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1957]
7Advisory Board
For the purpose of co-coordinating work of committees and sub-committees appointed under section 5 and advising the appropriate government generally in the ma...
8Central Advisory Board
(1) For the purpose of advising the Central and State Governments in the matters of the fixation and revision of minimum rates of wages and other matters unde...
9Composition of committees etc.
Each of the committees sub-committees and the Advisory Board shall consist of persons to be nominated by the appropriate government representing employers and...
10Correction of errors
(1) The appropriate government may at any time by notification in the Official Gazette correct clerical or arithmetical mistakes in any order fixing or revis...
11Wages in kind
(1) Minimum wages payable under this Act shall be paid in cash. (2) Where it has been the custom to pay wages wholly or partly in kind the appropriate govern...
12Payment of minimum rate of wages
(1) Where in respect of any scheduled employment a notification under section 5 is in force the employer shall pay to every employee engaged in a scheduled em...
13Fixing hours for normal working day etc.
(1) In regard to any scheduled employment minimum rates of wages in respect of which have been fixed under this Act the appropriate government may – (a) fix ...
14Overtime
(1) Where an employee whose minimum rate of wages is fixed under this Act by the hour by the day or by such a longer wage-period as may be prescribed works on...
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15Wages of worker who works for less than normal working day
If an employee whose minimum rate of wages has been fixed under this Act by the day works on any day on which he was employed for a period less than the requi...
16Wages for two or more classes of work
Where an employee does two or more classes of work to each of which a different minimum rate of wages is applicable the employer shall pay to such employee in...
17Minimum time rate wages for piece work
Where an employee is employed on piece work for which minimum time rate and not a minimum piece rate has been fixed under this Act the employer shall pay to ...
18Maintenance of registers and records
(1) Every employer shall maintain such registers and records giving such particulars of employees employed by him the work performed by them the wages paid t...
19Inspectors
(1) The appropriate government may by notification in the Official Gazette appoint such persons as it thinks fit to be Inspectors for the purposes of this Act...
20Claim
(1) The appropriate government may by notification in the Official Gazette appoint any Commissioner for Workmen's Compensation or any officer of the Central ...
21Single application in respect of a number of employees
(1) Subject to such rules as may be prescribed a single application may be presented under section 20 on behalf or in respect of any number of employees emplo...
22Penalties for certain offences
Any employer who (a) pays to any employee less than the minimum rates of wages fixed for that employee's class of work or less than the amount due to him und...
22AGeneral provision for punishment of other offences
Any employer who contravenes any provision of this Act or of any rule or order made thereunder shall if no other penalty is provided for such contravention b...
22BCognizance of offences
(1) No court shall take cognizance of a complaint against any person for an offence – (a) under clause (a) of section 22 unless an application in respect of...
22COffences by companies
(1) If the person committing any offence under this Act is a company every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of and was responsib...
22DPayment of undisbursed amounts due to employees
All amounts payable by an employer to an employee as the amount of minimum wages of the employee under this Act or otherwise due to the employee under this Ac...
22EProtection against attachment of assets of employer with government
Any amount deposited with the appropriate government by an employer to secure the due performance of a contract with that government and any other amount due...
22FApplication of Payment of Wages Act 1936 to scheduled employments
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Payment of Wages Act 1936 (4 of 1936) the appropriate government may by notification in the Official Gazette di...
23Exemption of employer from liability in certain cases
Where an employer is charged with an offence against this Act he shall be entitled upon complaint duly made by him to have any other person whom he charges a...
24Bar of suits
No court shall entertain any suit for the recovery of wages in so far as the sum so claimed – (a) forms the subject of an application under section 20 which ...
25Contracting out
Any contract or agreement whether made before or after the commencement of this Act whereby an employee either relinquishes or reduces his right to a minimum ...
26Exemption and exceptions
(1) The appropriate government may subject to such conditions if any as it may think fit to impose direct that the provisions of this Act shall not apply in ...
27Power of State Government to add to Schedule
The appropriate government after giving by notification in the Official Gazette not less than three months' notice of its intention so to do may by like not...
28Power of Central Government to give directions
The Central Government may give directions to a State Government as to the carrying into execution of this Act in the State....
29Power of Central Government to make rules
The Central Government may subject to the condition of previous publication by notification in the Official Gazette make rules prescribing the term of office ...
30Power of appropriate government to make rules
(1) The appropriate government may subject to the condition of previous publication by notification in the Official Gazette make rules for carrying out the p...
30ARules made by Central Government to be laid before Parliament
Every rule made by the Central Government under this Act shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of Parliament while it is in sessi...
31Validation of fixation of certain minimum rates of wages
Where during the period – (a) commencing on the 1st day of April 1952 and ending with the date of the commencement of the Minimum Wages (Amendment) Act 1954 ...
SchedulePart I
(1) Employment in any woolen carpet making or shawl weaving establishment.(2) Employment in any rice mill flour mill or dal mill.(3) Employment in any tobacco...
Part II
Employment in agriculture that is to say in any form of farming including the cultivation and tillage of the soil dairy farming the production cultivation gro...
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