SectionsParticulars
Chapter IIntroduction
1Title and extent of operation of the Code
This Act shall be called the Indian Penal Code, and shall  3[extend to the whole of India 4[except the State of Jammu and Kashmir].]...
2Punishment of offences committed within India
Every person shall be liable to punishment under this Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to the provisions thereof, of which, he shall...
3Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India
Any person liable, by any 7[Indian law] to be tried for an offence committed beyond 8[India] shall be dealt with according to the provisions of this Code for...
4Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences
The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by-10[(1) any citizen of India in any place without and beyond India; (2) any person on any ...
5Certain laws not to be affected by this Act
Nothing in this Act shall affect the provisions of any Act for. punishing mutiny and desertion of officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen in the service of the...
Chapter IIGeneral Explanations
6Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions
Throughout this Code every definition of an offence, every penal provision, and every illustration of every such definition or penal provision, shall be unde...
7Sense of expression once explained
Every expression which is explained in any part of this Code, is used in every part of this Code in conformity with the explanation....
8Gender
The pronoun "he" and its derivatives are used of any person, whether male or female....
9Number
Unless the contrary appears from the context, words importing the singular number include the plural number, and words importing the plural number include th...
10Man, Woman
The word "man" denotes a male human being of any age; the word "woman" denotes a female human being of any age....
11Person
The word "person" includes any Company or Association or body of persons, whether incorporated or not....
12Public
The word "public" includes any class of the public or any community....
13[Titled Queen repealed by the Govt. of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1950]
14Servant of Government
The words "servant of Government" denote any officer or servant continued, appointed or employed in India or under the authority of Government.]...
15[Titled British India repealed by the Govt. of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937]
16[Titled Government of India repealed by the Govt. of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937]
17Government
The word "Government" denotes the Central Government or the Government of a 17[***] State.]...
18India
"India" means the territory of India excluding the State of Jammu and Kashmir.]...
19Judge
The word "Judge" denotes not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but also every person who is empowered by law to give, in any legal ...
20Court of Justice
The words "Court of Justice" denote a Judge who is empowered by law to act judicially alone, or a body of Judges which is empowered by law to act judicially ...
21Public Servant
The words "public servant' denote a person falling under any of the descriptions hereinafter following; namely:-20[***] Second- Every Commissioned Officer i...
22Movable property
The words "movable property" are intended to include corporeal property of every description, except land and things attached to the earth or permanently fa...
23Wrongful gain
"Wrongful gain" is gain by unlawful means of property which the person gaining is not legally entitled. "Wrongful loss"- "Wrongful loss" is the loss by unla...
24Dishonestly
Whoever does anything with the intention of causing wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to another person, is said to do that thing "dishonestly"....
25Fraudulently
A person is said to do a thing fraudulently if he does that thing with intent to defraud but not otherwise....
26Reason to believe
A person is said to have "reason to believe" a thing, if he has sufficient cause to believe that thing but not otherwise....
27Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant
When property is in the possession of a person's wife, clerk or servant, on account of that person, it is in that person's possession within the meaning of t...
28Counterfeit
A person is said to "counterfeit" who causes one thing to resemble another thing, intending by means of that resemblance to practice deception, or knowing. i...
29Document
The word "document" denotes any matter expressed or described upon any substance by means of letters, figures, or marks, or by more than one of those means,...
30Valuable security
The words "valuable security" denote a document which is, or purports to be, a document whereby any legal right is created, extended, transferred, restricted...
31A will
The words "a will" denote any testamentary document....
32Words referring to acts include illegal omissions
In every part of this Code, except where a contrary intention appears from the context, words which refer to acts done extend also to illegal omissions....
33Act, Omission
The word "act" denotes as well a series of acts as a single act : the word "omission" denotes as well as series of omissions as a single omission....
34Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention
When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner ...
35When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention
Whenever an act, which is criminal only by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention, is done by several persons, each of such persons ...
36Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission
Wherever the causing of a certain effect, or an attempt to cause that effect, by an act or by an omission, is an offence, it is to be understood that the cau...
37Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence
When an offence is committed by means of several acts, whoever intentionally co-operates in tile commission of that offence by doing any one of those acts, e...
38Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences
Where several persons are engaged or concerned in the commission of a criminal act, they may be guilty of different offences by means of that act. Illustrati...
39Voluntarily
A person is said to cause an effect "voluntarily" when he causes it by means whereby he intended to cause it, or by means which, at the time of employing, th...
40Offence
Except in the 31[Chapters] and sections mentioned in clauses 2 and 3 of this section, the word "offence" denotes a thing made punishable by this Code. In Cha...
41Special law
A "special law" is a law applicable to a particular subject....
42Local law
A "local law" is a law applicable only to a particular part of 35[36[[***] 37[India]]....
43Illegal, Legally bound to do
The word "illegal" is applicable to every thing which is an offence or which is prohibited by law, or which furnishes ground for a civil action; and a perso...
44Injury
The word "injury" denotes any harm whatever illegally caused to any person, in body, mind, reputation or property....
45Life
The word "life" denotes the life of a human being, unless the contrary appears from the context....
46Death
The word "death" denotes the death of a human being, unless the contrary appears from the context....
47Animal
The word "animal" denotes any living creature, other than a human being....
48Vessel
The word "vessel" denotes anything made for the conveyance by water of human beings or of property....
49Year, Month
Wherever the word "year" or the word "month" is used, it is to be understood that the year or the month is to be reckoned according to the British calendar....
50Section
The word "section" denotes one of those portions of a Chapter of this Code which are distinguished by prefixed numeral figures....
51Oath
The word "oath" includes a solemn affirmation substituted by law for an oath, and any declaration required or authorized by law to be made before a public s...
52Good faith
Nothing is said to be done or believed in "good faith" which is done or believed without due care and attention....
52AHarbor
Except in section 157, and in section 130 in the case in which the harbor is given by the wife or husband of the person harbored, the word "harbor" includes ...
Chapter IIIOf Punishments
53Punishment
The punishments to which offenders are liable under the provisions of this Code are- First- Death;39[Secondly- Imprisonment for life;]40[***] Fourthly- impri...
53AConstruction of reference to transportation
(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2) and sub-section (3), any reference to "transportation for life" in any other law for the time being in forc...
54Commutation of sentence of death
In every case in which sentence of death shall have been passed, 43[the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender, commute the punishm...
55Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life
In every case in which sentence of 44[imprisonment] for life shall have been passed, 45[the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender,...
55ADefinition of appropriate Government
In sections 54 and 55 the expression "appropriate Government" means,- (a) in cases where the sentence is a sentence of death or is for an offence against any...
56[Titled Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude, proviso as to sentence for term exceeding ten years but not for life repealed by the Criminal Law (Removal of Racial Discriminations) Act, 1949, w.e.f. 6th. April, 1949]
57Fractions of terms of punishment
In calculating fractions of terms of punishment, 44[imprisonment] for life shall be reckoned as equivalent to 44[imprisonment] for twenty years....
58[Titled Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with until transported repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1955, w.e.f. 1st. January, 1956]
59[Titled Transportation instead of imprisonment repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1955, w.e.f. 1st. January, 1956]
60Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly rigorous or simple
In every case in which an offender is punishable with imprisonment which may be of either description, it shall be competent to the court which sentences suc...
61[Titled Sentence of forfeiture of property repealed by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1921]
62[Titled Forfeiture of property in respect of offenders punishable with death, transportation or imprisonment repealed by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1921]
63Amount of fine
Where no sum is expressed to which a fine may extend, the amount of fine to which the offender is liable is unlimited, but shall not be excessive....
64Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine
47[In every case, of an offence punishable with imprisonment as well as fine, in which the offender is sentenced to a fine, whether with or without imprisonme...
65Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when imprisonment and fine awardable
The term for which the Court directs the offender to be imprisoned in default of payment of a fine shall not exceed one-fourth of the term of imprisonment wh...
66Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine
The imprisonment which the Court imposes in default of payment of a fine may be of any description to which the offender might have been sentenced for the of...
67Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence punishable with fine only
If the offence be punishable with fine only, 33[the imprisonment which the Court imposes in default of payment of the fine shall be simple, and] the term for...
68Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine
The imprisonment which is imposed in default of payment of a fine shall terminate whenever that fine is either paid or levied by process of law....
69Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine
If, before the expiration of the term of imprisonment fixed in default of payment, such a proportion of the fine be paid or levied that the term of imprisonm...
70Fine leviable within six years or during imprisonment-Death not to discharge property from liability
The fine, or any part thereof which remains unpaid, may be levied at any time within six years after the passing of the sentence, and if, under the sentence,...
71Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences
Where anything which is an offence is made up of parts, any of which parts is itself an offence, the offender shall not be punished with the punishment of mo...
72Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the judgment stating that it is doubtful of which
In all cases in which judgment is given that a person is guilty of one of several offences specified in the judgment, but that it is doubtful of which of the...
73Solitary confinement
Whenever any person is convicted of an offence for which under this Code the Court has power to sentence him to rigorous imprisonment, the Court may, by its ...
74Limit of solitary confinement
In executing a sentence of solitary confinement, such confinement shall in no case exceed fourteen days at a time, with intervals between the periods of soli...
75Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII after previous conviction
Whoever, having been convicted,- (a) by a court in 49[India], of an offence punishable under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII of this Code with imprisonment of e...
Chapter IVGeneral Exceptions
76Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing himself bound, by law
Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who is, or who by reason of a mistake of fact and not by reason of a mistake of law in good faith believes hi...
77Act of Judge when acting judicially
Nothing is an offence which is done by a Judge when acting judicially in the exercise of any power which is, or which in good faith he believes to be, given ...
78Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court
Nothing which is done in pursuance of, or which is warranted by the judgment or order of, a Court of Justice; if done whilst such judgment or order remains i...
79Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing himself justified, by law
Nothing is an offence which is done by any person who is justified by law, or who by reason of a mistake of fact and not by reason of a mistake of law in goo...
80Accident in doing a lawful act
Nothing. is an offence which is done by accident or misfortune, and without any criminal intention or knowledge in the doing of a lawful act in a lawful mann...
81Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and to prevent other harm
Nothing is an offence merely by reason of its being done with the knowledge that it is likely to cause harm, if it be done without any criminal intention to ...
82Act of a child under seven years of age
Nothing is an offence which is done by a child under seven years of age....
83Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding
Nothing is an offence which is done by a child above seven years of age and under twelve, who has not attained sufficient maturity of understanding to judge ...
84Act of a person of-unsound mind
Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, by reason of, unsoundness of mind, is incapable of knowing the nature of the ac...
85Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will
Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, is, by reason of intoxication, incapable of knowing the nature of the act, or t...
86Offence requiring a particular intent or knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated
In cases where an act done is not an offence unless done with a particular knowledge or intent, a person who does the act in a state of intoxication shall be...
87Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, done by consent
Nothing which is not intended to cause death, or grievous hurt, and which is not known by the doer to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, is an offenc...
88Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in good faith for person's benefit
Nothing which is not intended to cause death, is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause, or be intended by the doer to cause, or be known by the...
89Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian
Nothing which is done in good faith for the benefit of a person under twelve years of age, or of unsound mind, by or by consent, either express or implied, o...
90Consent known to be given under fear or misconception
A consent is not such a consent as it intended by any section of this Code, if the consent is given by a person under fear of injury, or under a misconceptio...
91Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused
The exceptions in sections 87, 88 and 89 do not extend to acts which are offences independently of any harm which they may cause, or be intended to cause, or...
92Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent
Nothing is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause to a person for whose benefit it is done in good faith, even without that person's consent, if...
93Communication made in good faith
No communication made in good faith is an offence by reason of any harm to the person to whom it is made, if it is made for the benefit of that person. Illus...
94Act to which a person is compelled by threats
Except murder, and offences against the State punishable with death, nothing is an offence which is done by a person who is compelled to do it by threats, wh...
95Act causing slight harm
Nothing is an offence by reason that it causes, or that it is intended to cause, or that it is known to be likely to cause, any harm, if that harm is so slig...
96Things done in private defense
Nothing is an offence which is done in the exercise of the right of private defense....
97Right of private defense of the body and of property
Every person has a right, subject to the restrictions contained in section 99, to defend- First-   His own body, and the body of any other person, against an...
98Right of private defense against the act of a person of unsound mind, etc.
When an act, which would otherwise be a certain offence, is not that offence, by reason of the youth, the want of maturity of understanding, the unsoundness ...
99Acts against which there is no right of private defense
There is no right of private defense against an act which does not reasonably cause the apprehension of death or of grievous hurt, if done, or attempted to b...
100When the right of private defense of the body extends to causing death
The right of private defense of the body extends, under the restrictions mentioned in the last preceding section, to the voluntary causing of death or of any...
101When such right extends to causing any harm other than death
If the offence be not of any of the descriptions enumerated in the last preceding section, the right of private defense of the body does not extend to the vo...
102Commencement and continuance of the right of private defense of the body
The right of private defense of the body commences as soon as a reasonable apprehension of danger to the body arises from an attempt or threat to commit the ...
103When the right of private defense of property extends to causing death
The right of private defense of property extends, under the restrictions mentioned in section 99, to the voluntary causing of death or of any other harm to t...
104When such right extends to causing any harm other than death
If the offence, the committing of which, or the attempting to commit which, occasions the exercise of the right of private defense, be theft, mischief, or cr...
105Commencement and continuance of the right of private defense of property
The right of private defense of property commences when a reasonable apprehension of dancer to the property commences. The right of private defense of prope...
106Right of private defense against deadly assault when there is risk of harm to innocent person
If in the exercise of the right of private defense against an assault which reasonably causes the apprehension of death, the defender be so situated that he ...
Chapter VOf Abetment
107Abetment of a thing
A person abets the doing of a thing, who - First-   Instigates any person to do that thing; or Secondly- Engages with one or more other person or persons in...
108Abettor
A person abets an offence, who abets either the commission of an offence, or the commission of an act which would be an offence, if committed by a person cap...
108AAbetment in India of offences outside India
A person abets an offence within the meaning of this Code who, in 49[India], abets the commission of any act without and beyond 49[India] which would consti...
109Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence, and where no express provision is made for its punishment
Whoever abets any offence shall, if the act abetted is committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is made by this Code for the punish...
110Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor
Whoever abets the commission of an offence shall, if the person abetted does the act with a different intention or knowledge from that of the abettor, be pun...
111Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done
When an act is abetted and a different act is done, the abettor is liable for the act done, in the same manner and to the same extent as if he had directly a...
112Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done
If the act for which the abettor is liable under the last preceding section is committed in addition to the act abetted, and constitutes a distinct offence, ...
113Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor
When an act is abetted with the intention on the part of the abettor of causing a particular effect, and an act for which the abettor is liable in consequenc...
114Abettor present when offence is committed
Whenever any person, who is absent would be liable to be punished as an abettor, is present when the act or offence for which he would be punishable in conse...
115Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life-if offence not committed
Whoever abets the commission of an offence punishable with death or 51[imprisonment for life], shall, if that offence be not committed in consequence of the ...
116Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment-if offence be not committed
Whoever abets an offence punishable with imprisonment shall, if that offence be not committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is mad...
117Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons
Whoever abets the commission of an offence by the public generally or by any number or class of persons exceeding ten, shall be punished with imprisonment of...
118Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life
Whoever intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence punishable with death or 51[imprisonm...
119Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent
Whoever, being a public servant, intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence which it is ...
120Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
Whoever, intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence punishable with imprisonment, volunt...
Chapter VA Criminal Conspiracy
120ADefinition of criminal conspiracy
When two or more persons agree to do, or cause to be done,- (1) an illegal act, or (2) an act which is not illegal by illegal means, such an agreement is des...
120BPunishment of criminal conspiracy
(1) Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence punishable with death, 51[imprisonment for life] or rigorous imprisonment for a term of ...
Chapter VIOf Offences Against The State
121Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India
Whoever, wages war against the 53[Government of India], or attempts to wage such war, or abets the waging of such war, shall be punished with death, or 51[im...
121AConspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121
Whoever within or without 49[India] conspires to commit any of the offences punishable by section 121, 57[***]or conspires to overawe, by means of criminal ...
122Collecting arms, etc., with intention of waging war against the Government of India
Whoever collects men, arms or ammunition or otherwise prepares to wage war with the intention of either waging or being prepared to wage war against the 53[G...
123Concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war
Whoever by any act, or by any illegal omission, conceals the existence of a design to wage war against the 53[Government of India], intending by such conceal...
124Assaulting President, Governor, etc., with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power
Whoever, with the intention of including or compelling the 63[President] of India, or the 64[Governor 65[***]] of any 66[State], 67[***] 68[***] 69[***] to ...
124ASedition
Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or...
125Waging war against any Asiatic Power in alliance with the Government of India
Whoever wages war against the Government of any Asiatic Power in alliance or at peace with the 53[Government of India] or attempts to wage such war, or abets...
126Committing depredation on territories of Power at peace with the Government of India
Whoever commits depredation, or makes preparation to commit depredation, on the territories of any Power in alliance or at peace with the 53[Government of In...
127Receiving property taken by war on depredation mentioned in sections 125 and 126-
Whoever receives any property knowing the same to have been taken in the commission of any of the offences mentioned in sections 125 and 126, shall be punish...
128Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape
Whoever, being a public servant and having the custody of any State prisoner or prisoner of war, voluntarily allows such prisoner to escape from any place in...
129Public servant negligently suffering such prisoner to escape
Whoever, being a public servant and having the custody of any State prisoner or prisoner of war, negligently suffers such prisoner to escape from any place o...
130Aiding escape of, rescuing or harboring such prisoner
Whoever knowingly aids or assists any State prisoner or prisoner of war in escaping from lawful custody, or rescues or attempts to rescue any such prisoner, ...
Chapter VIIOf Offences Relating To The Army ,74[Navy And Air Force]
131Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or airman from his duty
Whoever abets the committing of mutiny by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India] or at...
132Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof
Whoever abets the committing of mutiny by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman] in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], shall...
133Abetment of assault by soldier, sailor or airman on his superior officer, when in execution of his office
Whoever abets an assault by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], on any superior of...
134Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed
Whoever abets an assault by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], on any superior of...
135Abetment of desertion of soldier, sailor or airman
Whoever abets the desertion of any officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], shall be punis...
136Harboring deserter
Whoever, except as hereinafter expected, knowing or having reason to believe that an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air For...
137Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel through negligence of master
The master or person in charge of a merchant vessel, on board of which any deserter from the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India] is co...
138Abetment of act of insubordination by soldier, sailor or airman
Whoever abets what he knows to be an act of insubordination by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Govern...
138A[Titled Application of foregoing sections to the Indian Marine Service repealed by the Amending Act, 1934 (35 of 1934)]
139Persons subject to certain Acts
No person subject to 85[the Army Act, 80[the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), or the Naval Discipline Act, 78[86[* * *] 82[the Indian Navy (Discipline) Act, 193...
140Wearing garb or carrying token used by soldier, sailor or airman
Whoever, not being a soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Military, 76[Naval or Air] service of the 53[Government of India], wears any garb or carries any ...
Chapter VIIIOf Offences Against The Public Tranquillity
141Unlawful assembly
An assembly of five or more persons is designated an "unlawful assembly", if the common object of the persons composing that assembly is- First-   To overaw...
142Being member of unlawful assembly
Whoever, being aware of facts which render any assembly an unlawful assembly, intentionally joins that assembly, or continues in it, is said to be a member o...
143Punishment
Whoever is a member of an unlawful assembly, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to six months, or with fin...
144Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon
Whoever, being armed with any deadly weapon, or with anything which, used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death, is a member of an unlawful assemb...
145Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has been commanded to disperse
Whoever joins or continues in an unlawful assembly, knowing that such unlawful assembly has been commanded in the manner prescribed by law to disperse, shall...
146Rioting
Whenever force or violence is used by an unlawful assembly, or by any member thereof, in prosecution of the common object of such assembly, every member of s...
147Punishment for rioting
Whoever is guilty of rioting, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both....
148Rioting, armed with deadly weapon
Whoever is guilty of rioting, being armed with a deadly weapon or with anything which, used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death, shall be punish...
149Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object
If an offence is committed by any member of an unlawful assembly in prosecution of the common object of that assembly, or such as the members of that assembl...
150Hiring, or conniving at hiring, of persons to join unlawful assembly
Whoever hires or engages or employs, or promotes, or connives at the hiring, engagement or employment of any person to join or become a member of any unlawfu...
151Knowingly joining or continuing in assembly of five or more persons after it has been commanded to disperse
Whoever knowingly joins or continues in any assembly of five or more persons likely to cause a disturbance of the public peace, after such assembly has been ...
152Assaulting or obstructing public servant when suppressing riot, etc.
Whoever assaults or threatens to assault, or obstructs or attempts to obstruct, any public servant in the discharge of his duty as such public servant, in en...
153Wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot-if rioting be committed-if not committed
Whoever malignantly, or wantonly, by doing anything which is illegal, gives provocation to any person intending or knowing it to be likely that such provocat...
153APromoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony
(1) Whoever- (a) by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of r...
153BImputations, assertions prejudicial to national-integration
(1) Whoever, by words either spoken or written or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise,- (a) makes or publishes any imputation that any class...
154Owner or occupier of land on which an unlawful assembly is held
Whenever any unlawful assembly or riot takes place, the owner or occupier of the land upon which such unlawful assembly is held, or such riot is committed, a...
155Liability of person for whose benefit riot is committed
Whenever a riot is committed for the benefit or on behalf of any person who is the owner or occupier of any land, respecting which such riot takes place or w...
156Liability of agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit riot is committed
Whenever a riot is committed for the benefit or on behalf of any person who is the owner or occupier of any land respecting which such riot takes place, or w...
157Harboring persons hired for an unlawful assembly
Whoever harbors, receives or assembles, in any house or premises in his occupation or charge, or under his control any persons, knowing that such persons hav...
158Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot
Whoever is engaged, or hired, or offers or attempts to be hired or engaged, to do or assist in doing any of the acts specified in Section 141, shall be punis...
159Affray
When two or more persons, by fighting in a public place, disturb the public peace, they are said to "commit an affray"....
160Punishment for committing affray
Whoever commits an affray, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend ...
Chapter IXOf Offences By Or Relating To Public Servants
161[To 165A. repealed by the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 (49 of 1988)]
166Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person
Whoever, being a public servant, knowingly disobeys any direction of the law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such public servant, intendin...
167Public servant framing an incorrect document with intent to cause injury
Whoever, being a public servant, and being, as such public servant, charged with the preparation or translation of any document, frames or translates that do...
168Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade
Whoever, being a public servant, and being legally bound as such public servant not to engage in trade, engages in trade, shall be punished with simple impri...
169Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property
Whoever, being a public servant, and being legally bound as such public servant, not to purchase or bid for certain property, purchases or bids for that prop...
170Personating a public servant
Whoever pretends to hold any particular office as a public servant, knowing that he does not hold such office or falsely personates any other person holding ...
171Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent
Whoever, not belonging, to a certain class of public servants, wears any garb or carries any token resembling any garb or token used by that class of public ...
Chapter IXAOf Offences Relating To Elections
171ACandidate, Electoral right defined
For the purposes of this Chapter-91[(a)"candidate" means a person who has been nominated as a candidate at any election;] (b) "electoral right" means the ri...
171BBribery
(1) Whoever- (i) gives a gratification to any person with the object of inducing. him or any other person to exercise any electoral right or of rewarding any...
171CUndue influence at elections
(1) Whoever voluntarily interferes or attempts to interfere with the free exercise of any electoral right commits the offence of undue influence at an electi...
171DPersonation at elections
Whoever at an election applied for a voting paper or votes in the name of any other person, whether living or dead, or in a fictitious name, or who having vo...
171EPunishment for bribery
Whoever commits the offence of bribery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or wi...
171FPunishment for undue influence or personation at an election
Whoever commits the offence of undue influence or personation at an election shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may e...
171GFalse statement in connection with an election
Whoever with intent to affect the result of an election makes or publishes any statement purporting to be a statement of fact which is false and which he eit...
171HIllegal payments in connection with an election
Whoever without the general or special authority in writing of a candidate incurs or authorizes expenses on account of the holding of any public meeting, or ...
171IFailure to keep election accounts
Whoever being required by any law for the time being in force or any rule having the force of law to keep accounts of expenses incurred at or in connection w...
Chapter XOf Contempts Of The Lawful Authority Of Public Servants
172Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding
Whoever absconds in order to avoid being served with a summons, notice or order, proceeding from any public servant legally competent, as such public servant...
173Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or preventing publication thereof
Whoever in any manner intentionally prevents the serving on himself, or on any other person, of any summons, notice or order, proceeding from any public serv...
174Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant
Whoever, being legally bound to attend in person or by an agent at a certain place and time in obedience to a summons, notice, order or proclamation proceedi...
175Omission to produce document to public servant by person legally bound to produce it
Whoever, being legally bound to produce or deliver up any document of any public servant, as such, intentionally omits so to produce or deliver up the same, ...
176Omission to give notice or information to public servant by person legally bound to give it
Whoever, being legally bound to give any notice or to furnish information on any subject to any public servant, as such, intentionally omits to give such not...
177Furnishing false information
Whoever, being legally bound to furnish information on any subject to any public servant, as such, furnishes, as true, information on the subject which he kn...
178Refusing oath or affirmation when duly required by public servant to make it
Whoever refuses to bind himself by an oath 99[or affirmation] to state the truth, when required so to bind himself by a public servant legally competent to r...
179Refusing to answer public servant authorized to question
Whoever, being legally bound to state the truth on any subject to any public servant, refuses to answer any question demanded of him touching that subject by...
180Refusing to sign statement
Whoever refuses to sign any statement made by him, when required to sign that statement by a public servant legally competent to require that he shall sign t...
181False statement on oath or affirmation to public servant or person authorized to administer an oath or affirmation
Whoever, being legally bound by an oath 1[or affirmation] to state the truth on any subject to any public servant or other person authorized by law to admini...
182False information, with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person
Whoever gives to any public servant any information which he knows or believes to be false, intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he wi...
183Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant
Whoever offers any resistance to the taking of any property by the lawful authority of any public servant, knowing or having reason to believe that he is suc...
184Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of public servant
Whoever intentionally obstructs any sale of property offered for sale by the lawful authority of any public servant, as such, shall be punished with imprison...
185Illegal purchase or bid for property offered for sale by authority of public servant
Whoever, at any sale of property held by the lawful authority of a public servant, as such, purchases or bids for any property on account of any person, whet...
186Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions
Whoever voluntarily obstructs any public servant in the discharge of his public functions, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a te...
187Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance
Whoever, being bound by law to render or furnish assistance to any public servant in the execution of his public duty, intentionally omits to give such assis...
188Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant
Whoever, knowing that, by an order promulgated by a public servant lawfully empowered to promulgate such order, he is directed to abstain from a certain act,...
189Threat of injury to public servant
Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any public servant, or to any person in whom he believes that public servant to be interested, for the purpose of i...
190Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for protection to public servant
Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any person for the purpose of inducing that person to refrain or desist from making a legal application for protect...
Chapter XIOf False Evidence And Offences Against Public Justice
191Giving false evidence
Whoever, being legally bound by an oath or by an express provision of law to state the truth, or being bound by law to make a declaration upon any subject, m...
192Fabricating false evidence
Whoever causes any circumstance to exist or makes any false entry in any book or record, or makes any document containing a false statement, intending that s...
193Punishment for false evidence
Whoever intentionally gives false evidence in any stage of a judicial proceeding, or fabricates false evidence for the purpose of being used in any stage of ...
194Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence
Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence, intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, any person to be convicted of ...
195Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment
Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, any person to be convicted of a...
196Using evidence known to be false
Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use as true or genuine evidence any evidence which he knows to be false or fabricated, shall be punished in the same ma...
197Issuing or signing false certificate
Whoever issues or signs any certificate required by law to be given or signed, or relating to any fact of which such certificate is by law admissible in evid...
198Using as true a certificate known to be false
Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use any such certificate as a true certificate, knowing the same to be false in any material point, shall be punished i...
199False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence
Whoever, in any declaration made or subscribed by him, which declaration any Court of Justice, or any public servant or other person, is bound or authorized ...
200Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false
Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use as true any such declaration, knowing the same to be false in any material point, shall be punished in the same man...
201Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information to screen offender
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, causes any evidence of the commission of that offence to disappear, with the...
202Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, intentionally omits to give any information respecting that offence which he...
203Giving false information respecting an offence committed
Whoever knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, gives any information respecting that offence which he knows or believes to b...
204Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence
Whoever secretes or destroys any document which he may be lawfully compelled to produce as evidence in a Court of Justice, or in any proceeding lawfully held...
205False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution
Whoever falsely personates another, and in such assumed character makes any admission or statement, or confesses judgment, or causes any process to be issued...
206Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution
Whoever fraudulently removes, conceals, transfers or delivers to any person any property or any interest therein, intending thereby to prevent that property ...
207Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution
Whoever fraudulently accepts, receives or claims any property or any interest therein, knowing that he has no right or rightful claim to such property or int...
208Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due
Whoever fraudulently causes or suffers a decree or order to be passed against him at the suit of any person for a sum not due or for a larger sum that is due...
209Dishonestly making false claim in Court
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly, or with intent to injure or annoy any person, makes in a Court of Justice any claim which he knows to be false, shall be...
210Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due
Whoever fraudulently obtains a decree or order against any person for a sum not due or for a larger sum than is due, or for any property or interest in prope...
211False charge of offence made with intent to injure
Whoever, with intent to cause injury to any person, institutes or causes to be instituted any criminal proceeding against that person, or falsely charges any...
212Harboring offender
Whenever an offence has been committed, whoever harbors or conceals a person whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the offender, with the intention of...
213Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment
whoever accepts or attempts to obtain, or agrees to accept, any gratification for himself or any other person, or any restitution of property to himself or a...
214Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender
Whoever gives or causes, or offers or agrees to give or cause, any gratification to any person, or 110[restores or causes the restoration of] any property to...
215Taking gift to help to recover stolen property, etc
Whoever takes or agrees or consents to take any gratification under pretence or on account of helping any person to recover any movable property of which he ...
216Harboring offender who has escaped from custody or whose apprehension has been ordered
Whenever any person convicted of or charged with an offence, being in lawful custody for that offence, escapes from such custody; or whenever a public serva...
216APenalty for harboring robbers or dacoits
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that any persons are about to commit or have recently committed robbery or dacoity, harbors them or any of them,...
216B[Definition of harbor in sections 212, 216 and 216A: Repealed by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1942 (8 of 1942)]
217Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture
Whoever, being a public servant, knowingly disobeys any direction of the law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such public servant, intendin...
218Public servant framing incorrect record or writing with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture
Whoever, being a public servant, and being as such public servant, charged with the preparation of any record or other writing, frames that record or writing...
219Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report, etc., contrary to law
Whoever, being a public servant, corruptly or maliciously makes or pronounces in any stage of a judicial proceeding, any report, order, verdict, or decision ...
220Commitment for trial or confinement by person having authority who knows that he is acting contrary to law
Whoever, being in any office which gives him legal authority to commit persons for trial or to commitment, or to keep persons in confinement, corruptly or ma...
221Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend
Whoever, being a public servant, legally bound as such public servant to apprehend or to keep in confinement any person charged with or liable to apprehended...
222Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed
Whoever, being a public servant, legally bound as such public servant to apprehend or to keep in confinement any person under sentence of a Court of Justice ...
223Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant
Whoever, being a public servant legally bound as such public servant to keep in confinement any person charged with or convicted of any offence 120[or lawful...
224Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension
Whoever intentionally offers any resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of himself for any offence with which he is charged or of which...
225Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person
Whoever intentionally offers any resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of any other person for an offence, or rescues or attempts to r...
225AOmission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of public servant, in cases not otherwise, provided for
Whoever, being a public servant legally bound as such public servant to apprehend, or to keep in confinement, any person in any case not provided for in sect...
225BResistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape or rescue in cases not otherwise provided for
Whoever, in any case not provided for in section 224 or section 225 or in any other law for the time being in force, intentionally offers any resistance or i...
226[Unlawful return from transportation: Repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1995, w.e.f. 1st. January, 1956]
227Violation of condition of remission of punishment
Whoever, having accepted any conditional remission of punishment, knowingly violates any condition on which such remission was granted, shall be punished wit...
228Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting in judicial proceeding
Whoever intentionally offers any insult, or causes any interruption to any public servant, while such public servant is sitting in any stage of a judicial pr...
228ADisclosure of identity of the victim of certain offences etc
(1) Whoever prints or publishes the name or any matter which may make known the identity of any person against whom an offence under section 376, section 376...
229Personation of a juror or assessor
Whoever, by personation or otherwise, shall intentionally cause, or knowingly suffer himself to be returned, empanelled or sworn as a juryman or assessor in ...
Chapter XIIOf Offences Relating To Coin And Government Stamps
230Coin defined
124[Coin is metal used for the time being as money, and stamped and issued by the authority of some State or Sovereign Power in order to be so used.] Indian c...
231Counterfeiting coin
Whoever counterfeits or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting coin, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a te...
232Counterfeiting Indian coin
Whoever counterfeits, or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting 126[Indian coin], shall be punished with 104[imprisonment for life], or...
233Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting coin
Whoever makes or mends, or performs any part of the process of making or mending, or buys, sells or disposes of, any die or instrument, for the purpose of be...
234Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Indian coin
Whoever makes or mends, or performs any part of the process of making or mending, or buys, sells or disposes of, any die or instrument, for the purpose of be...
235Possession of instrument, or material for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin
Whoever is in possession of any instrument or material, for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin, or knowing or having reason to believe tha...
236Abetting in India the counterfeiting out of India of coin
Whoever, being within 128[India], abets the counterfeiting of coin out of 128[India], shall be punished in the same manner as if he abetted the counterfeitin...
237Import or export of counterfeit coin
Whoever imports into128[India], or exports there from, any counterfeit coin, knowing or having reason to believe that the same is counterfeit, shall be punis...
238Import or export of counterfeits of the India coin
Whoever imports into 128[India], or exports there from, any counterfeit coin, which he knows or has reason to believe to be a counterfeit of 129[Indian coin]...
239Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit
Whoever, having any counterfeit coin, which at the time when he became possessed of it knew to be counterfeit, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be ...
240Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit
Whoever, having. any counterfeit coin which is a counterfeit of 129[Indian coin], and which, at the time when he became possessed of it, he knew to be a coun...
241Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit
Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine, or attempts to induce any other person to receive as genuine, any counterfeit coin which he knows to be coun...
242Possession of counterfeit coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof-
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of counterfeit coin, having known at the time when he became possessed the...
243Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of counterfeit coin, which is a counterfeit of 126[Indian coin], having kn...
244Person employed in mint causing coin to be of different weight or composition from that fixed by law
Whoever, being employed in any mint lawfully established in 128[India], does any act, or omits what he is legally bound to do, with the intention of causing ...
245Unlawfully taking coining instrument from mint
Whoever, without lawful authority, takes out of any mint, lawfully established in 128[India], any coining tool or instrument, shall be punished with imprison...
246Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of coin
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly performs on any coin any operation which diminishes the weight or alters the composition of that coin, shall be punished ...
247Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of Indian coin
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly performs on 130[any Indian coin] any. operation which diminishes the weight or alters the composition of that coin, shall...
248Altering appearance of coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description
Whoever performs on any coin any operation which alters the appearance of that coin, with the intention that the said coin shall pass as a coin of a differen...
249Altering appearance of Indian coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description
Whoever performs on 130[any Indian coin] any operation which alters the appearance of that coin, with the intention that the said coin shall pass as a coin o...
250Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered
Whoever, having coin in his possession with respect to which the offence defined in section 246 or 248 has been committed, and having known at the time when ...
251Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered
Whoever, having coin in his possession with respect to which the offence defined in section 247 or 249 has been committed, and having known at the time when ...
252Possession of coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof-
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of coin with respect to which the offence defined in either of the section...
253Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof-
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of coin with respect to which the offence defined in either of the section...
254Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered
Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine or as a coin of a different description from what it is, or attempts to induce any person to receive as genuin...
255Counterfeiting Government stamp
Whoever counterfeits, or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting, any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, shall be pun...
256Having possession of instrument or material for counterfeiting Government stamp
Whoever has in his possession any instrument or material for the purpose of being used, or knowing or having reason to believe that it is intended to be used,...
257Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Government stamp
Whoever makes or performs any part of the process of making, or buys, or sells, or disposes of, any instrument for the purpose of being used, or knowing or ha...
258Sale of counterfeit Government stamp
Whoever, sells, or offers for sale, any stamp which he knows or has reason to believe to be a counterfeit of any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of...
259Having possession of counterfeit Government stamp
Whoever has in his possession any stamp which he knows to be a counterfeit of any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, intending to use, or ...
260Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be a counterfeit
Whoever uses as genuine any stamp, knowing it to be counterfeit of any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, shall be punished with imprisonm...
261Effacing, writing from substance bearing Government stamp, or removing from document a stamp used for it, with intent to cause loss to Government
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to the Government, removes or effaces from any substance, bearing any stamp issued by Government for the pu...
262Using Government stamp known to have been before used
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to the Government, uses for any purpose a stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, which he k...
263Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to Government, erases or removes from a stamp issued by the Government for the purpose of revenue, any mark...
263AProhibition of fictitious stamps
(1) Whoever-(a) makes, knowingly utters, deals in or sells any fictitious stamps, or knowingly uses for any postal purpose any fictitious stamp, or(b) has in ...
Chapter XIIIOf Offences Relating To Weights And Measures
264Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing
Whoever fraudulently uses any instrument for weighing which he knows to be false, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which m...
265Fraudulent use of false weight or measure
Whoever fraudulently uses any false weight or false measure of length or capacity, or fraudulently uses any weight or any measure of length or capacity as a d...
266Being in possession of false weight or measure
Whoever is in possession of any instrument for weighing, or of any weight, or of any measure of length or capacity, which he knows to be false, 133[***] inten...
267Making or selling false weight or measure
Whoever makes, sells or disposes of any instrument for weighing, or any weight, or any measure of length or capacity which he knows to be false, in order that...
Chapter XIVOf Offences Affecting The Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency And Morals
268Public nuisance Public nuisance
A person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury, danger or annoyance to the public...
269Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life
Whoever unlawfully or negligently does any act which is, and which he knows or has reason to believe to be, likely to spread the infection of any disease dang...
270Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life
Whoever malignantly does any act which is, and which he knows or has reason to believe to be, likely to spread the infection of any disease dangerous to life,...
271Disobedience to quarantine rule
Whoever knowingly disobeys any rule made and promulgated 134[by the 135[***]Government 136[***] for putting any vessel into a state of quarantine, or for regu...
272Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale
Whoever adulterates any article of food or drink, so as to make such article noxious as food or drink, intending to sell such article as food or drink, or kno...
273Sale of noxious food or drink
Whoever sells, or offers or exposes for sale, as food or drink, any article which has been rendered or has become noxious, or is in a state unfit for food or ...
274Adulteration of drugs
Whoever adulterates any drug or medical preparation in such a manner as to lessen the efficacy or change the operation of such drug or medical preparation, or...
275Sale of adulterated drugs
Whoever, knowing any drug or medical preparation to have been adulterated in such a manner as to lessen its efficacy, to change its operation, or to render it...
276Sale of drug as a different drug or preparation
Whoever knowingly sells, or offers or exposes for sale, or issues from a dispensary for medicinal purposes, any drug or medical preparation, as a different dr...
277Fouling water of public spring or reservoir
Whoever voluntarily corrupts or fouls the water of any public spring or reservoir, so as to render it less fit for the purpose for which it is ordinarily used...
278Making atmosphere noxious to health
Whoever voluntarily vitiates the atmosphere in any place so as to make it noxious to the health of persons is general dwelling or carrying on business in the ...
279Rash driving or riding on a public way
Whoever drives any vehicle, or rides, on any public way in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to...
280Rash navigation of vessel
Whoever navigates any vessel in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other person, shall be...
281Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy
Whoever exhibits any false light, mark or buoy, intending or knowing it to be likely that such exhibition will mislead any navigator, shall be punished with i...
282Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel-
Whoever knowingly or negligently conveys, or causes to be conveyed for hire, any person by water in any vessel, when that vessel is in such a state or as load...
283Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation
Whoever, by doing any act, or by omitting to take order with any property in his possession or under his charge, causes danger, obstruction or injury to any p...
284Negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance
Whoever does, with any poisonous substance, any act in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any...
285Negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter
Whoever does, with fire or any combustible matter, any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any ...
286Negligent conduct with respect to explosive substance
Whoever does, with any explosive substance, any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other p...
287Negligent conduct with respect to machinery
Whoever does, with any machinery, any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other person,or k...
288Negligent conduct with respect to pulling down or repairing buildings
Whoever, in pulling down or repairing any building, knowingly or negligently omits to take such order with that building as is sufficient to guard against any...
289Negligent conduct with respect to animal
Whoever knowingly or negligently omits to take such order with any animal in his possession as is sufficient to guard against any probable danger to human lif...
290Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for
Whoever commits a public nuisance in any case not otherwise punishable by this Code, shall be punished with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees....
291Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue
Whoever repeats or continues a public nuisance, having been enjoined by any public servant who has lawful authority to issue such injunction not to repeat or ...
292Sale, etc., of obscene books, etc. _
138[( 1 ) For the purposes of subsection (2), a book, pamphlet, paper, writing, drawing, painting, representation, figure or any other object, shall be deemed...
292APrinting, etc., of grossly indecent or scurrilous matter or matter intended for blackmail
Whoever,-(a) prints or causes to be printed in any newspaper, periodical or circular, or exhibits or causes to be exhibited, to public view or distributes or ...
293Sale, etc., of obscene objects to young person
Whoever sells, lets to hire, distributes, exhibits or circulates to any person under the age of twenty years any such obscene object as is referred to in the ...
294Obscene acts and songs
Whoever, to the annoyance of others-(a) does any obscene act in any public place, or(b) sings, recites or utters any obscene song, ballad or words, in or near ...
294AKeeping lottery office
Whoever keeps any office or place for the purpose of drawing any lottery 142[not being 143[a State lottery] or a lottery authorized by the 144[State] Governme...
Chapter XVOf Offences Relating To Religion
295Injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the religion of any class
Whoever destroys, damages or defiles any place of worship, or any object held sacred by any class of persons with the intention of thereby insulting the relig...
295ADeliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs
Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of 146[citizens of India], 147[by words, either spoken or wr...
296Disturbing religious assembly
Whoever voluntarily causes disturbance to any assembly lawfully engaged in the performance of religious worship, or religious ceremonies, shall be punished wi...
297Trespassing on burial places, etc
Whoever, with the intention of wounding the feelings of any person, or of insulting the religion of any person, or with the knowledge that the feelings of any...
298Uttering, words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious feelings of any person-
Whoever, with the deliberate intention of wounding the religious feelings of any person, utters any word or makes any sound in the hearing of that person or m...
Chapter XVIOf Offences Affecting The Human Body
299Culpable homicide
Whoever causes death by doing an act with the intention of causing death, or with the intention of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, or ...
300Murder
Except in the cases hereinafter excepted, culpable homicide is murder, if the act by which the death is caused is done with the intention of causing death, or...
301Culpable homicide by causing death of person other than person whose death was intended
If a person, by doing anything which he intends or knows to be likely to cause death, commits culpable homicide by causing the death of any person, whose deat...
302Punishment for murder
Whoever commits murder shall be punished with death, or 104[imprisonment for life], and shall also be liable to fine....
303Punishment for murder by life-convict
Whoever, being under sentence of 104[imprisonment for life], commits murder, shall be punished with death....
304Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder
Whoever commits culpable homicide not amounting to murder shall be punished with 104[imprisonment for life], or imprisonment of either description for a term ...
304ACausing death by negligence
Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either de...
304BDowry death
(1) Where the death of a woman is caused by any burns or bodily injury or occurs otherwise than under normal circumstances within seven years of her marriage ...
305Abetment of suicide of child or insane person
If any person under eighteen years of age, any insane person, any delirious person, any idiot, or any person in a state of intoxication, commits suicide, whoe...
306Abetment of suicide
If any person commits suicide, whoever abets the commission of such suicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may ex...
307Attempt to murder
Whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge, and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty or murder, shall ...
308Attempt to commit culpable homicide
Whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty of culpable homici...
309Attempt to commit suicide
Whoever attempts to commit suicide and does any act towards the commission of such offence, shall he punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may ex...
310Thug
Whoever, at any time after the passing of this Act, shall have been habitually associated with any other or others for the purpose of committing robbery or ch...
311Punishment
Whoever is a thug, shall be punished with 104[imprisonment for life], and shall also be liable to fine....
312Causing miscarriage
Whoever voluntarily causes a woman with child to miscarry, shall, if such miscarriage be not caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the wo...
313Causing miscarriage without woman's consent
Whoever commits the offence defined in the last preceding section without the consent of the woman, whether the woman is quick with child or not, shall be pun...
314Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage
Whoever, with intent to cause the miscarriage of a woman with child, does any act which causes the death of such woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of...
315Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth
Whoever before the birth of any child does any act with the intention of thereby preventing that child from being born alive or causing it to die after its bi...
316Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide
Whoever does any act under such circumstances, that if he thereby caused death he would be guilty of culpable homicide, and does by such act cause the death o...
317Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by parent or person having care of it
Whoever being the father or mother of a child under the age of twelve years, or having the care of such child, shall expose or leave such child in any place w...
318Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body
Whoever, by secretly burying or otherwise disposing of the death body of a child whether such child die before or after or during its birth, intentionally con...
319Hurt
Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt....
320Grievous hurt
The following kinds of hurt only are designated as "grievous":-First- Emasculation.Secondly- Permanent privation of the sight of either eye.Thirdly- Permanent ...
321Voluntarily causing hurt
Whoever does any act with the intention of thereby causing hurt to any person, or with the knowledge that he is likely thereby to cause hurt to any person, an...
322Voluntarily causing grievous hurt
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt, if the hurt which he intends to cause or knows himself to be likely to cause is grievous hurt, and if the hurt which he cause...
323Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 334, voluntarily causes hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which m...
324Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 334, voluntarily causes hurt by means of any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any instrume...
325Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 335, voluntarily causes grievous hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a ter...
326Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means -
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 335, voluntarily causes grievous hurt by means of any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any...
327Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt, for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer, or from any person interested in the sufferer, any property or valuable secur...
328Causing hurt by means of poison, etc. with intent to commit an offence
Whoever administers to or causes to be taken by any person any poison or any stupefying, intoxicating or unwholesome drug, or other thing with intent to cause...
329Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
Whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer any property or valuable...
330Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer, any confession or any informatio...
331Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property
Whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer any confession or any in...
332Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt to any person being a public servant in the discharge of his duty as such public servant, or with intent to prevent or deter t...
333Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty
Whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt to any person being a public servant in the discharge of his duty as such public servant, or with intent to prevent o...
334Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt on grave and sudden provocation, if he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause hurt to any person other than t...
335Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on provocation
Whoever 153[voluntarily] causes grievous hurt on grave and sudden provocation, if he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause grievous hurt to ...
336Act endangering life or personal safety of others
Whoever does any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descri...
337Causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others
Whoever causes hurt to any person by doing any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or the personal safety of others, shall be punished wit...
338Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others
Whoever causes grievous hurt to any person to doing any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or the personal safety of others, shall be pun...
339Wrongful restraint
Whoever voluntarily obstructs any person so as to prevent that person from proceeding in any direction in which that person has a right to proceed, is said wr...
340Wrongful confinement
Whoever wrongfully restrains any person in such a manner as to prevent that person from proceedings beyond certain circumscribing limits, is said "wrongfully ...
341Punishment for wrongful restraint
Whoever wrongfully restrains any person shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to ...
342Punishment for wrongful confinement
Whoever wrongfully confines any person shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which m...
343Wrongful confinement for three or more days
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for three days, or more, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two y...
344Wrongful confinement for ten or more days
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for ten days, or more, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three y...
345Wrongful confinement of person for whose liberation writ has been issued
Whoever keeps any person in wrongful confinement, knowing that a writ for the liberation of that person has been duly issued, shall be punished with imprisonm...
346Wrongful confinement in secret
Whoever wrongfully confines any person in such manner as to indicate an intention that the confinement of such person may not be known to any person intereste...
347Wrongful confinement to extort property, or constrain to illegal act
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for the purpose of extorting from the person confined, or from any person interested in the person confined, any proper...
348Wrongful confinement to extort confession, or compel restoration of property
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for the purpose of extorting from the person confined or any person interested in the person confined any confession or...
349Force
A person is said to use force to another if he causes motion, change of motion, or cessation of motion to that other, or if he causes to any substance such mo...
350Criminal force
Whoever intentionally uses force to any person, without that person's consent, in order to the committing of any offence, or intending by the use of such forc...
351Assault
Whoever makes any gesture, or any preparation intending or knowing. it to be likely that such gesture or preparation will cause any person present to apprehen...
352Punishment for assault or criminal force otherwise than on grave provocation
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation given by that person, shall be punished with imprisonment...
353Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person being a public servant in the execution of his duty as such public servant, or with intent to prevent or...
354Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty.
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any woman, intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby outrage her modesty, shall be punis...
355Assault or criminal force with intent to dishonor person, otherwise than on grave provocation
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, intending thereby to dishonor that person, otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation given by that...
356Assault or criminal force in attempt to commit theft of property carried by a person
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, in attempting to commit theft on any property which that person is then wearing or carrying, shall be p...
357Assault or criminal force in attempt wrongfully to confine a person
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, in attempting wrongfully to confine that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descript...
358Assault or criminal force on grave provocation
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person on grave and sudden provocation given by that person, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a t...
359Kidnapping
Kidnapping. is of two kinds: kidnapping from 171[India], and kidnapping  from lawful guardianship....
360Kidnapping from India
Whoever conveys any person beyond the limits of 154[India] without the consent of that person, or of some person legally authorized to consent on behalf of th...
361Kidnapping from lawful guardianship
Whoever takes or entices any minor under 155[sixteen] years of age if a male, or under 156[eighteen] years of age if a female, or. any person of unsound mind,...
362Abduction
Whoever by force compels, or by any deceitful means induces, any person to go from any place, is said to abduct that person....
363Punishment for kidnapping
Whoever kidnaps any person from 154[India] or front lawful guardianship, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend...
363AKidnapping or maiming a minor for purposes of begging
(1) Whoever Kidnaps any minor or, not being the lawful guardian of a minor, obtains the custody of the minor, in order that such minor may be employed or used...
364Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person in order that such person may be murdered or may be so disposed of as to be put in danger of being murdered, shall be pu...
364AKidnapping for ransom, etc
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person or keeps a person in detention after such kidnapping or abduction and threatens to cause death or hurt to such person...
365Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person with intent to cause that person to be secretly and wrongfully confined, shall be punished with imprisonment of either d...
366Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any woman with intent that she may be compelled, or knowing it to be likely that she will be compelled, to marry any person against...
366AProcuration of minor girl
Whoever, by any means whatsoever, induces any minor girl under the age of eighteen years to go from any place or to do any act with intent that such girl may ...
366BImportation of girl from foreign country
Whoever imports into 161[India] from any country outside India 162[or from the State of Jammu and Kashmir] any girl under the age of twenty-one years with int...
367Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous hurt, slavery, etc
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person in order that such person may be subjected, or may be so disposed of as to be put in danger of being subject to grievous...
368Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement, kidnapped or abducted person
Whoever, knowing that any person has been kidnapped or has been abducted, wrongfully conceals or confines such person, shall be punished in the same manner as...
369Kidnapping or abducting child under ten years with intent to steal from its person
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any child under the age of ten years with the intention of taking dishonestly any movable property from the person of such child, s...
370Buying or disposing of any person as a slave
Whoever imports, exports, removes, buys, sells or disposes of any person as a slave, or accepts, receives or detains against his will any person as a slave, s...
371Habitual dealing in slaves
Whoever habitually imports, exports, removes, buys, sells, traffics or deals in slaves, shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for life],  or with imprisonme...
372Selling minor for purposes of prostitution, etc
Whoever sells, lets to hire, or otherwise disposes of any 164[person under the age of eighteen years with intent that such person shall at any age be employed...
373Buying minor for purposes of prostitution, etc
Whoever buys, hires or otherwise obtains possession of any 164[person under the age of eighteen years with intent that such person shall at any age be employe...
374Unlawful compulsory labor
Whoever unlawfully compels any person to labor against the will of that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may...
375Rape
A man is said to commit "rape" who, except in the case hereinafter excepted, has sexual intercourse with a woman under circumstances falling under any of the ...
376Punishment for rape
(1) Whoever, except in the cases provided for by subsection (2), commits rape shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall...
376AIntercourse by a man with his wife during separation
Whoever has sexual intercourse with his own wife, who is living separately from him under a decree of separation or under any custom or usage without her cons...
376BIntercourse by public servant with woman in his custody
Whoever, being a public servant, takes advantage of his official position and induces or seduces, any woman, who is in his custody as such public servant or i...
376CIntercourse by superintendent of jail, remand home, etc
Whoever, being the superintendent or manager of a jail, remand home or other place of custody established by or under any law for the time being in force or o...
376DIntercourse by any member of the management or staff of a hospital with any woman in that hospital
Whoever, being on the management of a hospital or hem. on the staff of a hospital takes advantage of his position and has sexual intercourse with any woman in...
377Unnatural offences
Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for life], or wi...
Chapter XVIIOf Offences Against Property
378Theft
Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any moveable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order t...
379Punishment for theft
Whoever commits theft shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both....
380Theft in dwelling house, etc
Whoever commits theft in any building, tent or vessel, which building, tent or vessel is used as a human dwelling., or used for the custody of property, shall...
381Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master
Whoever, being a clerk or servant, or being employed in the capacity of a clerk or servant, commits theft in respect of any property in the possession of his ...
382Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to the committing of the theft
Whoever commits theft, having made preparation for causing death, or hurt, or restraint, or fear of death, or of hurt, or of restraint, to any person, in orde...
383Extortion
Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deli...
384Punishment for extortion
Whoever commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both....
385Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion
Whoever, in order to the committing of extortion, puts any person in fear, or attempts to put any person in fear, of any injury, shall be punished with impris...
386Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt to
Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other, shall be punished with imprisonment of ei...
387Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion
Whoever, in order to the committing of extortion, puts or attempts to put any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other, shal...
388Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc
Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of an accusation against that person or any other, of having committed or attempted to commit any offe...
389Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion
Whoever, in order to the committing of extortion, puts or attempts to put any person in fear of an accusation, against that person or any other, of having com...
390Robbery
In all robbery there is either theft or extortion.When theft is robbery- Theft is "robbery" if, in order to the committing of the theft, or in committing the t...
391Dacoity
When five or more persons conjointly commit or attempt to commit a robbery, or where the whole number of persons conjointly committing or attempting to commit...
392Punishment for robbery
Whoever commits robbery shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine; and, if the r...
393Attempt to commit robbery
Whoever attempts to commit robbery shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine....
394Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery
If any person, in committing or in attempting to commit robbery, voluntarily causes hurt, such person, and any other person jointly concerned in committing or...
395Punishment for dacoity
Whoever commits dacoity shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for life], or with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall a...
396Dacoity with murder
If any one of five or more persons, who are conjointly committing dacoity, commits murder in so committing dacoity, every one of those persons shall be punish...
397Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt
If, at the time of committing robbery or dacoity, the offender uses any deadly weapon, or causes grievous hurt to any person, or attempts to cause death or gr...
398Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon
If, at the time of attempting to commit robbery or dacoity, the offender is armed with any deadly weapon, the imprisonment with which such offender shall be p...
399Making preparation to commit dacoity
Whoever makes, any preparation for committing dacoity, shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also b...
400Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits
Whoever, at any time after the passing of' this Act, shall belong, to a gang of persons associated for the purpose of habitually committing dacoity, shall be ...
401Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves
Whoever, at any time after the passing of this Act, shall belong to any wandering or other gang of persons associated for the purpose of habitually committing...
402Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity
Whoever, at any time after the passing of this Act, shall be one of five or more persons assembled for the purpose of committing dacoity, shall be punished wi...
403Dishonest misappropriation of property
Whoever dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use any movable property, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term whic...
404Dishonest misappropriation of property possessed by deceased person at the time of his death
Whoever dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use property, knowing that such property was in the possession of a deceased person at the time of ...
405Criminal breach of trust
Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property, dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use that property...
406Punishment for criminal breach of trust
Whoever commits criminal breach of trust shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, o...
407Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc
Whoever. being entrusted with property as a carrier, wharfinger or warehouse-keeper, commits criminal breach of trust in respect of such property, shall be pu...
408Criminal breach of trust by clerk or servant
Whoever, being clerk or servant or employed as a clerk or servant, and being in any manner entrusted in such capacity with property, or with any dominion over...
409Criminal breach of trust by public servant, or by banker, merchant or agent
Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property in his capacity of a public servant or in the way of his business as ...
410Stolen Property
Property, the possession whereof has been transferred by theft, or by extortion, or by robbery, and property which has been criminally misappropriated or in r...
411Dishonestly receiving stolen property
Whoever dishonestly receives or retains any stolen property, knowing or having reason to believe the same to be stolen property, shall be punished with impris...
412Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity
Whoever dishonestly receives or retains any stolen property, the possession whereof he knows or has reason to believe to have been transferred by the commissi...
413Habitually dealing in stolen property
Whoever habitually receives or deals in property which he knows or has reason to believe to be stolen property, shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for li...
414Assisting in concealment of stolen property
Whoever voluntarily assists in concealing or disposing of or making away with property which he knows or has reason to believe to be stolen property, shall be...
415Cheating
Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to consent that any per...
416Cheating by personation
A person is said to "cheat by personation" if he cheats by pretending to be some other person, or by knowingly substituting one person for another, or represe...
417Punishment for cheating
Whoever cheats shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both....
418Cheating with knowledge that wrongful loss may ensue to person whose interest offender is bound to protect
Whoever cheats with the knowledge that he is likely thereby to cause wrongful loss to a person whose interest in the transaction to which the cheating relates...
419Punishment for cheating by personation
Whoever cheats by personation shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both...
420Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property
Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to make, alter or destroy the whole or any part o...
421Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent distribution among creditors
Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently removes, conceals or delivers to any person, or transfer or causes to be transferred to any person, without adequate consi...
422Dishonestly or fraudulently preventing debt being available for creditors-.
Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently prevents any debt or demand due to himself or to any other person from being made available according to law for payment o...
423Dishonest or fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing false statement of consideration
Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently signs, executes or becomes a party to any deed or instrument which purports to transfer or subject to any charge any prope...
424Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property
Whoever dishonestly or fraudulently conceals or removes any property of himself or any other person, or dishonestly or fraudulently assists in the concealment...
425Mischief
Whoever with intent to cause, or knowing that he is likely to cause, wrongful loss or damage to the public or to any person, causes the destruction of any pro...
426Punishment for mischief-
Whoever commits mischief shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine, or with both....
427Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees
Whoever commits mischief and thereby causes loss or damage to the amount of fifty rupees or upwards, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description...
428Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees.
Whoever commits mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless any  animal or the value of ten rupees or upwards, shall be punished with impriso...
429Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc., of any value or any animal of the value of fifty rupees
Whoever commits mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless, any elephant, camel, horse, mule, buffalo, bull, cow or ox, whatever may be the ...
430Mischief by injury to works of irrigation or by wrongfully diverting water
Whoever commits mischief by doing any act which causes, or which he knows to be likely to cause, a diminution of the supply of water for agricultural purposes...
431Mischief by injury to public road, bridge, river or channel
Whoever commits mischief by doing any act which renders or which he knows to be likely to render any public road, bridge, navigable river or navigable channel...
432Mischief by causing inundation or obstruction to public drainage attended with damage
Whoever commits mischief by doing any act which causes or which he knows to be likely to cause an inundation or an obstruction to any public drainage attended...
433Mischief by destroying, moving or rendering less useful a light-house or sea-mark
Whoever commits mischief by destroying or moving any light-house or other light used as a sea-mark or any sea-mark or buoy or other thing placed as a guide fo...
434Mischief by destroying or moving, etc., a land-mark fixed by public authority
Whoever commits mischief by destroying or moving any land-mark fixed by the authority of a public servant, or by any act which renders such land-mark less use...
435Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage to amount of one hundred or (in case of agricultural produce) ten rupees
Whoever commits mischief by fire or any explosive substance intending to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, damage to any property ...
436Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy house, etc
Whoever commits mischief by fire or any explosive substance, intending to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, the destruction of any...
437Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked vessel or one of twenty tons burden
Whoever commits mischief to any decked vessel or any vessel of a burden of twenty tons or upwards, intending to destroy or render unsafe, or knowing it to be ...
438Punishment for the mischief described in section 437 committed by fire or explosive substance
Whoever commits, or attempts to commit, by fire or any explosive substance, such mischief as is described in the last preceding section, shall be punished wit...
439Punishment for intentionally running vessel aground or ashore with intent to commit theft, etc
Whoever intentionally runs any vessel aground or ashore, intending to commit theft of any property contained therein or to dishonestly misappropriate any such...
440Mischief committed after preparation made for causing death or hurt
Whoever commits mischief, having made preparation for causing to any person death, or hurt, or wrongful restraint, or fear of death, or of hurt, or of wrongfu...
441Criminal trespass
Whoever enters into or upon property in the possession of another with intent to commit an offence or to intimidate, insult or annoy any person in possession ...
442House trespass
Whoever commits criminal trespass by entering into or remaining in any building, tent or vessel used as a human dwelling. or any building used as a place for ...
443Lurking house-trespass
Whoever commits house-trespass having taken precautions to conceal such house-trespass from some person who has a right to exclude or eject the trespasser fro...
444Lurking house-trespass by night
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass after sunset and before sunrise, is said to commit "lurking house-trespass by night"....
445House breaking
A person is said to commit "house-breaking" who commits house-trespass if he effects his entrance into the house or any part of it in any of the six ways here...
446House-breaking by night
Whoever commits house-breaking. after sunset and before sunrise, is said to commit "house- breaking by night"....
447Punishment for criminal trespass
Whoever commits criminal trespass shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, with fine or which ma...
448Punishment for house-trespass
Whoever commits house-trespass shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine or which may ex...
449House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with death
Whoever commits house-trespass in order to the committing of any offence punishable with death, shall be punishable with 152[imprisonment for life], or with r...
450House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment for life
Whoever commits house-trespass in order to the committing of any offence punishable with 152[imprisonment for life], shall be punished with imprisonment of ei...
451House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
Whoever commits house-trespass in order to the committing of any offence punishable with imprisonment, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descripti...
452House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint
Whoever commits house-trespass, having made preparation for causing hurt to any person or for assaulting any person, or for wrongfully restraining any person,...
453Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass or housebreaking, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, a...
454Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass or housebreaking, in order to the committing of any offence punishable with imprisonment, shall be punished with impris...
455Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass, or house-breaking, having made preparation for causing hurt to any person, or for assaulting any person, or for wrongf...
456Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass by night, or house-breaking by night, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may ex...
457Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass by night, or house-breaking by night, in order to the committing of any offence punishable with imprisonment, shall be ...
458Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night after preparation for hurt, assault, or wrongful restraint
Whoever commits lurking house-trespass by night, or house-breaking by night, having made preparation for causing hurt to any person or for assaulting any pers...
459Grievous hurt caused whilst committing lurking house trespass or housebreaking
Whoever, whilst committing lurking house-trespass or house-breaking, causes grievous hurt to any person or attempts to cause death or grievous hurt to any per...
460All persons jointly concerned in lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night punishable where death or grievous hurt caused by one of them
If, at the time of the committing of lurking house-trespass by night or house-breaking by night, any person guilty of such offence shall voluntarily cause or ...
461Dishonestly breaking open receptacle containing property
Whoever dishonestly or with intent to commit mischief, breaks open or unfastens any closed receptacle which contains or which he believes to contain property,...
462Punishment for same offence when committed by person entrusted with custody
Whoever, being entrusted with any closed receptacle which contains or which he believes to contain property, without having authority to open the same, dishon...
Chapter XVIIIOf Offences Relating To Documents And To 173[***] Property Marks
463Forgery
Whoever makes any false documents or part of a document with intent to cause damage or injury, to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or titl...
464Making a false document
A person is said to make a false document-First- Who dishonestly or fraudulently makes, signs, seals or executes a document or part of a document, or makes any...
465Punishment for forgery
Whoever commits forgery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both....
466Forgery of record of court or of public register, etc
Whoever forges a document, purporting to be a record or proceeding of or in a Court of Justice, or a register of birth, baptism, marriage or burial, or a regi...
467Forgery of valuable security, will, etc
Whoever forges a document which purports to be a valuable security or a will, or an authority to adopt a son, or which purports to give authority to any perso...
468Forgery for purpose of cheating
Whoever commits forgery, intending that the document forged shall be used for the purpose of cheating, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descripti...
469Forgery for purpose of harming reputation
Whoever commits forgery, intending that the document forged shall harm the reputation of any party, or knowing that it is likely to be used for that purpose, ...
470Forged document
A false document made wholly or in part by forgery is designated "a forged document"....
471Using as genuine a forged document
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly uses as genuine any document which he knows or has reason to believe to be a forged document, shall be punished in the sam...
472Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable under section 467
Whoever makes or counterfeits any seal, plate or other instrument for making an impression, intending that the same shall be used for the purpose of committin...
473Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable otherwise
Whoever makes or counterfeits any seal, plate or other instrument for making an impression, intending that the same shall be used for the purpose of committin...
474Having possession of document described in section 466 or 467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine
Whoever has in his possession any document, knowing the same to be forged, and intending that the same shall fraudulently or dishonestly be used as genuine, s...
475Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material
Whoever counterfeits upon, or in the substance of, any material, any device or mark used for the purpose of authenticating any document described in Section 4...
476Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents other than those described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material
Whoever counterfeits upon, or in the substance of, any material, any device or mark used for the purpose of authenticating any document other than the documen...
477Fraudulent cancellation, destruction, etc., of will, authority to adopt, or valuable security
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly, or with intent to cause damage or injury to the public or to any person, cancels, destroys or defaces, or attempts to can...
477AFalsification of accounts
Whoever, being a clerk, officer or servant, or employed or acting in the capacity of a clerk, officer or servant, willfully, and with intent to defraud, destr...
478[Trade marks Repealed by the Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958, w.e.f. 25th. November, 1959]
479Property mark
A mark used for denoting that movable property belongs to a particular person is called a property mark....
480Using a false trade mark: Repealed by the Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958, w.e.f. 25th. November, 1959
. ...
481Using a false property mark
Whoever marks any movable property or goods or any case, package or other receptacle containing movable property or goods, or uses any case, package or other ...
482Punishment for using a false property mark
Whoever uses 177[***] any false property mark shall, unless he proves that he acted without intent to defraud, be punished with imprisonment of either descrip...
483Counterfeiting a property mark used by another
Whoever counterfeits any 178[***] property mark used by any other person shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend...
484Counterfeiting a mark used by a public servant
Whoever counterfeits any property mark used by a public servant, or any mark used by a public servant to denote that any property has been manufactured by a p...
485Making or possession of any instrument for counterfeiting a property mark
Whoever makes or has in his possession any die, plate or other instrument for the purpose of counterfeiting a property mark, or has in his possession a proper...
486Selling goods marked with a counterfeit property mark
180[Whoever sells, or exposes, or has in possession for sale, any goods or things with a counterfeit property mark] affixed to or impressed upon the same or t...
487Making a false mark upon any receptacle containing goods
Whoever makes any false mark upon any case, package or other receptacle containing goods, in a manner reasonably calculated to cause any public servant or any...
488Punishment for making use of any such false mark
Whoever makes use of any such false mark in any manner prohibited by the last foregoing section shall, unless he proves that he acted without intent to defrau...
489Tampering with property mark with intent to cause injury
Whoever removes, destroys, defaces or adds to any property mark, intending or knowing it to be likely that he may thereby cause injury to any person, shall be...
489ACounterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes
Whoever counterfeits, or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting, any currency-note or bank-note, shall be punished with 152[imprisonment...
489BUsing as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank- notes
Whoever sells to, or buys or receives from, any other person, or otherwise traffics in or uses as genuine, any forged or counterfeit currency-note or bank-not...
489CPossession of forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes
Whoever has in his possession any forged or counterfeit currency-note or bank-note, knowing or having reason to believe the same to be forged or counterfeit a...
489DMaking or possessing instruments or materials for forging or counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes
Whoever makes, or performs, any part of the process of making, or buys or sells or disposes of, or has in his possession, any machinery, instrument or materia...
489EMaking or using documents resembling currency-notes or bank-notes
(1) Whoever makes, or causes to be made, or uses for any purpose whatsoever, or delivers to any person, any document purporting to be, or in any way resemblin...
Chapter XIXOf The Criminal Breach Of Contracts Of Service
490[Breach of contract of service during voyage or journey: Repealed by the Workmen's Breach of Contract (Repealing) Act, 1925]
491Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless person
Whoever, being. bound by a lawful contract to attend on or to supply the wants of any person who, by reason of youth, or of unsoundness of mind, or of a disea...
492[Breach of contract to serve at distant place to which servant is conveyed at master's expense: Repealed by the Workmen's Breach of Contract (Repealing) Act, 1925 (3 of 1925)]
Chapter XXOf Offences Relating To Marriage
493Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage
Every man who by deceit causes any woman who is not lawfully married to him to believe that she is lawfully married to him and to cohabit or have sexual inter...
494Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife
Whoever, having a husband or wife living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or ...
495Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted
Whoever commits the offence defined in the last preceding section having concealed from the person with whom the subsequent marriage is contracted, the fact o...
496Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage
Whoever, dishonestly or with a fraudulent intention, goes through the ceremony of being married, knowing that he is not thereby lawfully married, shall be pun...
497Adultery
Whoever has sexual intercourse with a person who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of another man, without the consent or connivanc...
498Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman
Whoever takes or entices away any woman who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of any other man, from that man, or from any person h...
Chapter XXAOf Cruelty By Husband Or Relatives Of Husband
498AHusband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty
Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects such woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may ...
Chapter XXIOf Defamation
499Defamation
Whoever, by words either spoken or intended to be read, or by signs or by visible representations, makes or publishes any imputation concerning any person int...
500Punishment for defamation
Whoever defames another shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both....
501Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory
Whoever prints or engraves any matter, knowing or having good reason to believe that such matter is defamatory of any person, shall be punished with simple im...
502sSale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter
Whoever. sells or offers for sale any printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter, knowing that it contains such matter, shall be punished with...
Chapter XXIIOf Criminal Intimidation, Insult And Annoyance
503Criminal intimidation
Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of any one in whom that person is interested, ...
504Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace
Whoever intentionally insults, and thereby gives provocation to any person, intending or knowing it to be likely that such provocation will cause him to break...
505Statements conducting to public mischief.
188[(1) Whoever makes, publishes or circulates any statement, rumor or report,-(a) with intent to cause, or which is likely to cause, any officer, soldier, 18...
506Punishment for criminal intimidation
Whoever commits, the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or w...
507Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication
Whoever commits the offence of criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication, or having taken precaution to conceal the name or abode of the person from...
508Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure
Whoever voluntarily causes or attempts to cause any person to do anything which that person is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do anything which he is ...
509Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman
Whoever, intending to insult the modesty of any woman, utters any word, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, intending that such word or sound ...
510Misconduct in public by a drunken person
Whoever, in a state of intoxication, appears in any public place, or in any place which it is a trespass in him to enter, and there conducts himself in such a...
Chapter XXIIIOf Attempts To Commit Offences
511Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment
Whoever attempts to commit an offence punishable by this Code with 152[imprisonment for life] or imprisonment, or to cause such an offence to be committed, an...
Foot Notes
1. IPC extended to Berar by the Berar Laws Act, 1941 and declared in force in-Sonthal Parganas, by the Sonthal Parganas Settlement Regulation, 1872. Panth Pip...
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