Sections Particulars
Chapter I Introduction
1 Title and extent of operation of the Code
This Act shall be called the Indian Penal Code, and shall  3[extend to the whole of India 4[except the State of Jammu and Kashmir].]...
2 Punishment of offences committed within India
Every person shall be liable to punishment under this Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to the provisions thereof, of which, he shall...
3 Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India
Any person liable, by any 7[Indian law] to be tried for an offence committed beyond 8[India] shall be dealt with according to the provisions of this Code for...
4 Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences
The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by-10[(1) any citizen of India in any place without and beyond India; (2) any person on any ...
5 Certain laws not to be affected by this Act
Nothing in this Act shall affect the provisions of any Act for. punishing mutiny and desertion of officers, soldiers, sailors or airmen in the service of the...
Chapter II General Explanations
6 Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions
Throughout this Code every definition of an offence, every penal provision, and every illustration of every such definition or penal provision, shall be unde...
7 Sense of expression once explained
Every expression which is explained in any part of this Code, is used in every part of this Code in conformity with the explanation....
8 Gender
The pronoun "he" and its derivatives are used of any person, whether male or female....
9 Number
Unless the contrary appears from the context, words importing the singular number include the plural number, and words importing the plural number include th...
10 Man, Woman
The word "man" denotes a male human being of any age; the word "woman" denotes a female human being of any age....
11 Person
The word "person" includes any Company or Association or body of persons, whether incorporated or not....
12 Public
The word "public" includes any class of the public or any community....
13 [Titled Queen repealed by the Govt. of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1950]
14 Servant of Government
The words "servant of Government" denote any officer or servant continued, appointed or employed in India or under the authority of Government.]...
15 [Titled British India repealed by the Govt. of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937]
16 [Titled Government of India repealed by the Govt. of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937]
17 Government
The word "Government" denotes the Central Government or the Government of a 17[***] State.]...
18 India
"India" means the territory of India excluding the State of Jammu and Kashmir.]...
19 Judge
The word "Judge" denotes not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but also every person who is empowered by law to give, in any legal ...
20 Court of Justice
The words "Court of Justice" denote a Judge who is empowered by law to act judicially alone, or a body of Judges which is empowered by law to act judicially ...
21 Public Servant
The words "public servant' denote a person falling under any of the descriptions hereinafter following; namely:-20[***] Second- Every Commissioned Officer i...
22 Movable property
The words "movable property" are intended to include corporeal property of every description, except land and things attached to the earth or permanently fa...
23 Wrongful gain
"Wrongful gain" is gain by unlawful means of property which the person gaining is not legally entitled. "Wrongful loss"- "Wrongful loss" is the loss by unla...
24 Dishonestly
Whoever does anything with the intention of causing wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to another person, is said to do that thing "dishonestly"....
25 Fraudulently
A person is said to do a thing fraudulently if he does that thing with intent to defraud but not otherwise....
26 Reason to believe
A person is said to have "reason to believe" a thing, if he has sufficient cause to believe that thing but not otherwise....
27 Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant
When property is in the possession of a person's wife, clerk or servant, on account of that person, it is in that person's possession within the meaning of t...
28 Counterfeit
A person is said to "counterfeit" who causes one thing to resemble another thing, intending by means of that resemblance to practice deception, or knowing. i...
29 Document
The word "document" denotes any matter expressed or described upon any substance by means of letters, figures, or marks, or by more than one of those means,...
30 Valuable security
The words "valuable security" denote a document which is, or purports to be, a document whereby any legal right is created, extended, transferred, restricted...
31 A will
The words "a will" denote any testamentary document....
32 Words referring to acts include illegal omissions
In every part of this Code, except where a contrary intention appears from the context, words which refer to acts done extend also to illegal omissions....
33 Act, Omission
The word "act" denotes as well a series of acts as a single act : the word "omission" denotes as well as series of omissions as a single omission....
34 Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention
When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner ...
35 When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention
Whenever an act, which is criminal only by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention, is done by several persons, each of such persons ...
36 Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission
Wherever the causing of a certain effect, or an attempt to cause that effect, by an act or by an omission, is an offence, it is to be understood that the cau...
37 Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence
When an offence is committed by means of several acts, whoever intentionally co-operates in tile commission of that offence by doing any one of those acts, e...
38 Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences
Where several persons are engaged or concerned in the commission of a criminal act, they may be guilty of different offences by means of that act. Illustrati...
39 Voluntarily
A person is said to cause an effect "voluntarily" when he causes it by means whereby he intended to cause it, or by means which, at the time of employing, th...
40 Offence
Except in the 31[Chapters] and sections mentioned in clauses 2 and 3 of this section, the word "offence" denotes a thing made punishable by this Code. In Cha...
41 Special law
A "special law" is a law applicable to a particular subject....
42 Local law
A "local law" is a law applicable only to a particular part of 35[36[[***] 37[India]]....
43 Illegal, Legally bound to do
The word "illegal" is applicable to every thing which is an offence or which is prohibited by law, or which furnishes ground for a civil action; and a perso...
44 Injury
The word "injury" denotes any harm whatever illegally caused to any person, in body, mind, reputation or property....
45 Life
The word "life" denotes the life of a human being, unless the contrary appears from the context....
46 Death
The word "death" denotes the death of a human being, unless the contrary appears from the context....
47 Animal
The word "animal" denotes any living creature, other than a human being....
48 Vessel
The word "vessel" denotes anything made for the conveyance by water of human beings or of property....
49 Year, Month
Wherever the word "year" or the word "month" is used, it is to be understood that the year or the month is to be reckoned according to the British calendar....
50 Section
The word "section" denotes one of those portions of a Chapter of this Code which are distinguished by prefixed numeral figures....
51 Oath
The word "oath" includes a solemn affirmation substituted by law for an oath, and any declaration required or authorized by law to be made before a public s...
52 Good faith
Nothing is said to be done or believed in "good faith" which is done or believed without due care and attention....
52A Harbor
Except in section 157, and in section 130 in the case in which the harbor is given by the wife or husband of the person harbored, the word "harbor" includes ...
Chapter III Of Punishments
53 Punishment
The punishments to which offenders are liable under the provisions of this Code are- First- Death;39[Secondly- Imprisonment for life;]40[***] Fourthly- impri...
53A Construction of reference to transportation
(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2) and sub-section (3), any reference to "transportation for life" in any other law for the time being in forc...
54 Commutation of sentence of death
In every case in which sentence of death shall have been passed, 43[the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender, commute the punishm...
55 Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life
In every case in which sentence of 44[imprisonment] for life shall have been passed, 45[the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender,...
55A Definition of appropriate Government
In sections 54 and 55 the expression "appropriate Government" means,- (a) in cases where the sentence is a sentence of death or is for an offence against any...
56 [Titled Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude, proviso as to sentence for term exceeding ten years but not for life repealed by the Criminal Law (Removal of Racial Discriminations) Act, 1949, w.e.f. 6th. April, 1949]
57 Fractions of terms of punishment
In calculating fractions of terms of punishment, 44[imprisonment] for life shall be reckoned as equivalent to 44[imprisonment] for twenty years....
58 [Titled Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with until transported repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1955, w.e.f. 1st. January, 1956]
59 [Titled Transportation instead of imprisonment repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1955, w.e.f. 1st. January, 1956]
60 Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly rigorous or simple
In every case in which an offender is punishable with imprisonment which may be of either description, it shall be competent to the court which sentences suc...
61 [Titled Sentence of forfeiture of property repealed by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1921]
62 [Titled Forfeiture of property in respect of offenders punishable with death, transportation or imprisonment repealed by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1921]
63 Amount of fine
Where no sum is expressed to which a fine may extend, the amount of fine to which the offender is liable is unlimited, but shall not be excessive....
64 Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine
47[In every case, of an offence punishable with imprisonment as well as fine, in which the offender is sentenced to a fine, whether with or without imprisonme...
65 Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when imprisonment and fine awardable
The term for which the Court directs the offender to be imprisoned in default of payment of a fine shall not exceed one-fourth of the term of imprisonment wh...
66 Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine
The imprisonment which the Court imposes in default of payment of a fine may be of any description to which the offender might have been sentenced for the of...
67 Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence punishable with fine only
If the offence be punishable with fine only, 33[the imprisonment which the Court imposes in default of payment of the fine shall be simple, and] the term for...
68 Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine
The imprisonment which is imposed in default of payment of a fine shall terminate whenever that fine is either paid or levied by process of law....
69 Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine
If, before the expiration of the term of imprisonment fixed in default of payment, such a proportion of the fine be paid or levied that the term of imprisonm...
70 Fine leviable within six years or during imprisonment-Death not to discharge property from liability
The fine, or any part thereof which remains unpaid, may be levied at any time within six years after the passing of the sentence, and if, under the sentence,...
71 Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences
Where anything which is an offence is made up of parts, any of which parts is itself an offence, the offender shall not be punished with the punishment of mo...
72 Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the judgment stating that it is doubtful of which
In all cases in which judgment is given that a person is guilty of one of several offences specified in the judgment, but that it is doubtful of which of the...
73 Solitary confinement
Whenever any person is convicted of an offence for which under this Code the Court has power to sentence him to rigorous imprisonment, the Court may, by its ...
74 Limit of solitary confinement
In executing a sentence of solitary confinement, such confinement shall in no case exceed fourteen days at a time, with intervals between the periods of soli...
75 Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII after previous conviction
Whoever, having been convicted,- (a) by a court in 49[India], of an offence punishable under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII of this Code with imprisonment of e...
Chapter IV General Exceptions
76 Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing himself bound, by law
Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who is, or who by reason of a mistake of fact and not by reason of a mistake of law in good faith believes hi...
77 Act of Judge when acting judicially
Nothing is an offence which is done by a Judge when acting judicially in the exercise of any power which is, or which in good faith he believes to be, given ...
78 Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court
Nothing which is done in pursuance of, or which is warranted by the judgment or order of, a Court of Justice; if done whilst such judgment or order remains i...
79 Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing himself justified, by law
Nothing is an offence which is done by any person who is justified by law, or who by reason of a mistake of fact and not by reason of a mistake of law in goo...
80 Accident in doing a lawful act
Nothing. is an offence which is done by accident or misfortune, and without any criminal intention or knowledge in the doing of a lawful act in a lawful mann...
81 Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and to prevent other harm
Nothing is an offence merely by reason of its being done with the knowledge that it is likely to cause harm, if it be done without any criminal intention to ...
82 Act of a child under seven years of age
Nothing is an offence which is done by a child under seven years of age....
83 Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding
Nothing is an offence which is done by a child above seven years of age and under twelve, who has not attained sufficient maturity of understanding to judge ...
84 Act of a person of-unsound mind
Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, by reason of, unsoundness of mind, is incapable of knowing the nature of the ac...
85 Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will
Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, is, by reason of intoxication, incapable of knowing the nature of the act, or t...
86 Offence requiring a particular intent or knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated
In cases where an act done is not an offence unless done with a particular knowledge or intent, a person who does the act in a state of intoxication shall be...
87 Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, done by consent
Nothing which is not intended to cause death, or grievous hurt, and which is not known by the doer to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, is an offenc...
88 Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in good faith for person's benefit
Nothing which is not intended to cause death, is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause, or be intended by the doer to cause, or be known by the...
89 Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian
Nothing which is done in good faith for the benefit of a person under twelve years of age, or of unsound mind, by or by consent, either express or implied, o...
90 Consent known to be given under fear or misconception
A consent is not such a consent as it intended by any section of this Code, if the consent is given by a person under fear of injury, or under a misconceptio...
91 Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused
The exceptions in sections 87, 88 and 89 do not extend to acts which are offences independently of any harm which they may cause, or be intended to cause, or...
92 Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent
Nothing is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause to a person for whose benefit it is done in good faith, even without that person's consent, if...
93 Communication made in good faith
No communication made in good faith is an offence by reason of any harm to the person to whom it is made, if it is made for the benefit of that person. Illus...
94 Act to which a person is compelled by threats
Except murder, and offences against the State punishable with death, nothing is an offence which is done by a person who is compelled to do it by threats, wh...
95 Act causing slight harm
Nothing is an offence by reason that it causes, or that it is intended to cause, or that it is known to be likely to cause, any harm, if that harm is so slig...
96 Things done in private defense
Nothing is an offence which is done in the exercise of the right of private defense....
97 Right of private defense of the body and of property
Every person has a right, subject to the restrictions contained in section 99, to defend- First-   His own body, and the body of any other person, against an...
98 Right of private defense against the act of a person of unsound mind, etc.
When an act, which would otherwise be a certain offence, is not that offence, by reason of the youth, the want of maturity of understanding, the unsoundness ...
99 Acts against which there is no right of private defense
There is no right of private defense against an act which does not reasonably cause the apprehension of death or of grievous hurt, if done, or attempted to b...
100 When the right of private defense of the body extends to causing death
The right of private defense of the body extends, under the restrictions mentioned in the last preceding section, to the voluntary causing of death or of any...
101 When such right extends to causing any harm other than death
If the offence be not of any of the descriptions enumerated in the last preceding section, the right of private defense of the body does not extend to the vo...
102 Commencement and continuance of the right of private defense of the body
The right of private defense of the body commences as soon as a reasonable apprehension of danger to the body arises from an attempt or threat to commit the ...
103 When the right of private defense of property extends to causing death
The right of private defense of property extends, under the restrictions mentioned in section 99, to the voluntary causing of death or of any other harm to t...
104 When such right extends to causing any harm other than death
If the offence, the committing of which, or the attempting to commit which, occasions the exercise of the right of private defense, be theft, mischief, or cr...
105 Commencement and continuance of the right of private defense of property
The right of private defense of property commences when a reasonable apprehension of dancer to the property commences. The right of private defense of prope...
106 Right of private defense against deadly assault when there is risk of harm to innocent person
If in the exercise of the right of private defense against an assault which reasonably causes the apprehension of death, the defender be so situated that he ...
Chapter V Of Abetment
107 Abetment of a thing
A person abets the doing of a thing, who - First-   Instigates any person to do that thing; or Secondly- Engages with one or more other person or persons in...
108 Abettor
A person abets an offence, who abets either the commission of an offence, or the commission of an act which would be an offence, if committed by a person cap...
108A Abetment in India of offences outside India
A person abets an offence within the meaning of this Code who, in 49[India], abets the commission of any act without and beyond 49[India] which would consti...
109 Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence, and where no express provision is made for its punishment
Whoever abets any offence shall, if the act abetted is committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is made by this Code for the punish...
110 Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor
Whoever abets the commission of an offence shall, if the person abetted does the act with a different intention or knowledge from that of the abettor, be pun...
111 Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done
When an act is abetted and a different act is done, the abettor is liable for the act done, in the same manner and to the same extent as if he had directly a...
112 Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done
If the act for which the abettor is liable under the last preceding section is committed in addition to the act abetted, and constitutes a distinct offence, ...
113 Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor
When an act is abetted with the intention on the part of the abettor of causing a particular effect, and an act for which the abettor is liable in consequenc...
114 Abettor present when offence is committed
Whenever any person, who is absent would be liable to be punished as an abettor, is present when the act or offence for which he would be punishable in conse...
115 Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life-if offence not committed
Whoever abets the commission of an offence punishable with death or 51[imprisonment for life], shall, if that offence be not committed in consequence of the ...
116 Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment-if offence be not committed
Whoever abets an offence punishable with imprisonment shall, if that offence be not committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is mad...
117 Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons
Whoever abets the commission of an offence by the public generally or by any number or class of persons exceeding ten, shall be punished with imprisonment of...
118 Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life
Whoever intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence punishable with death or 51[imprisonm...
119 Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent
Whoever, being a public servant, intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence which it is ...
120 Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment
Whoever, intending to facilitate or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby facilitate the commission of an offence punishable with imprisonment, volunt...
Chapter V A Criminal Conspiracy
120A Definition of criminal conspiracy
When two or more persons agree to do, or cause to be done,- (1) an illegal act, or (2) an act which is not illegal by illegal means, such an agreement is des...
120B Punishment of criminal conspiracy
(1) Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence punishable with death, 51[imprisonment for life] or rigorous imprisonment for a term of ...
Chapter VI Of Offences Against The State
121 Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India
Whoever, wages war against the 53[Government of India], or attempts to wage such war, or abets the waging of such war, shall be punished with death, or 51[im...
121A Conspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121
Whoever within or without 49[India] conspires to commit any of the offences punishable by section 121, 57[***]or conspires to overawe, by means of criminal ...
122 Collecting arms, etc., with intention of waging war against the Government of India
Whoever collects men, arms or ammunition or otherwise prepares to wage war with the intention of either waging or being prepared to wage war against the 53[G...
123 Concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war
Whoever by any act, or by any illegal omission, conceals the existence of a design to wage war against the 53[Government of India], intending by such conceal...
124 Assaulting President, Governor, etc., with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power
Whoever, with the intention of including or compelling the 63[President] of India, or the 64[Governor 65[***]] of any 66[State], 67[***] 68[***] 69[***] to ...
124A Sedition
Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or...
125 Waging war against any Asiatic Power in alliance with the Government of India
Whoever wages war against the Government of any Asiatic Power in alliance or at peace with the 53[Government of India] or attempts to wage such war, or abets...
126 Committing depredation on territories of Power at peace with the Government of India
Whoever commits depredation, or makes preparation to commit depredation, on the territories of any Power in alliance or at peace with the 53[Government of In...
127 Receiving property taken by war on depredation mentioned in sections 125 and 126-
Whoever receives any property knowing the same to have been taken in the commission of any of the offences mentioned in sections 125 and 126, shall be punish...
128 Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape
Whoever, being a public servant and having the custody of any State prisoner or prisoner of war, voluntarily allows such prisoner to escape from any place in...
129 Public servant negligently suffering such prisoner to escape
Whoever, being a public servant and having the custody of any State prisoner or prisoner of war, negligently suffers such prisoner to escape from any place o...
130 Aiding escape of, rescuing or harboring such prisoner
Whoever knowingly aids or assists any State prisoner or prisoner of war in escaping from lawful custody, or rescues or attempts to rescue any such prisoner, ...
Chapter VII Of Offences Relating To The Army ,74[Navy And Air Force]
131 Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or airman from his duty
Whoever abets the committing of mutiny by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India] or at...
132 Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof
Whoever abets the committing of mutiny by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman] in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], shall...
133 Abetment of assault by soldier, sailor or airman on his superior officer, when in execution of his office
Whoever abets an assault by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], on any superior of...
134 Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed
Whoever abets an assault by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], on any superior of...
135 Abetment of desertion of soldier, sailor or airman
Whoever abets the desertion of any officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India], shall be punis...
136 Harboring deserter
Whoever, except as hereinafter expected, knowing or having reason to believe that an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air For...
137 Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel through negligence of master
The master or person in charge of a merchant vessel, on board of which any deserter from the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Government of India] is co...
138 Abetment of act of insubordination by soldier, sailor or airman
Whoever abets what he knows to be an act of insubordination by an officer, soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Army, 76[Navy or Air Force] of the 53[Govern...
138A [Titled Application of foregoing sections to the Indian Marine Service repealed by the Amending Act, 1934 (35 of 1934)]
139 Persons subject to certain Acts
No person subject to 85[the Army Act, 80[the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), or the Naval Discipline Act, 78[86[* * *] 82[the Indian Navy (Discipline) Act, 193...
140 Wearing garb or carrying token used by soldier, sailor or airman
Whoever, not being a soldier, 75[sailor or airman], in the Military, 76[Naval or Air] service of the 53[Government of India], wears any garb or carries any ...
Chapter VIII Of Offences Against The Public Tranquillity
141 Unlawful assembly
An assembly of five or more persons is designated an "unlawful assembly", if the common object of the persons composing that assembly is- First-   To overaw...
142 Being member of unlawful assembly
Whoever, being aware of facts which render any assembly an unlawful assembly, intentionally joins that assembly, or continues in it, is said to be a member o...
143 Punishment
Whoever is a member of an unlawful assembly, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to six months, or with fin...
144 Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon
Whoever, being armed with any deadly weapon, or with anything which, used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death, is a member of an unlawful assemb...
145 Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has been commanded to disperse
Whoever joins or continues in an unlawful assembly, knowing that such unlawful assembly has been commanded in the manner prescribed by law to disperse, shall...
146 Rioting
Whenever force or violence is used by an unlawful assembly, or by any member thereof, in prosecution of the common object of such assembly, every member of s...
147 Punishment for rioting
Whoever is guilty of rioting, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both....
148 Rioting, armed with deadly weapon
Whoever is guilty of rioting, being armed with a deadly weapon or with anything which, used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death, shall be punish...
149 Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object
If an offence is committed by any member of an unlawful assembly in prosecution of the common object of that assembly, or such as the members of that assembl...
150 Hiring, or conniving at hiring, of persons to join unlawful assembly
Whoever hires or engages or employs, or promotes, or connives at the hiring, engagement or employment of any person to join or become a member of any unlawfu...
151 Knowingly joining or continuing in assembly of five or more persons after it has been commanded to disperse
Whoever knowingly joins or continues in any assembly of five or more persons likely to cause a disturbance of the public peace, after such assembly has been ...
152 Assaulting or obstructing public servant when suppressing riot, etc.
Whoever assaults or threatens to assault, or obstructs or attempts to obstruct, any public servant in the discharge of his duty as such public servant, in en...
153 Wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot-if rioting be committed-if not committed
Whoever malignantly, or wantonly, by doing anything which is illegal, gives provocation to any person intending or knowing it to be likely that such provocat...
153A Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony
(1) Whoever- (a) by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise, promotes or attempts to promote, on grounds of r...
153B Imputations, assertions prejudicial to national-integration
(1) Whoever, by words either spoken or written or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise,- (a) makes or publishes any imputation that any class...
154 Owner or occupier of land on which an unlawful assembly is held
Whenever any unlawful assembly or riot takes place, the owner or occupier of the land upon which such unlawful assembly is held, or such riot is committed, a...
155 Liability of person for whose benefit riot is committed
Whenever a riot is committed for the benefit or on behalf of any person who is the owner or occupier of any land, respecting which such riot takes place or w...
156 Liability of agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit riot is committed
Whenever a riot is committed for the benefit or on behalf of any person who is the owner or occupier of any land respecting which such riot takes place, or w...
157 Harboring persons hired for an unlawful assembly
Whoever harbors, receives or assembles, in any house or premises in his occupation or charge, or under his control any persons, knowing that such persons hav...
158 Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot
Whoever is engaged, or hired, or offers or attempts to be hired or engaged, to do or assist in doing any of the acts specified in Section 141, shall be punis...
159 Affray
When two or more persons, by fighting in a public place, disturb the public peace, they are said to "commit an affray"....
160 Punishment for committing affray
Whoever commits an affray, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend ...
Chapter IX Of Offences By Or Relating To Public Servants
161 [To 165A. repealed by the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 (49 of 1988)]
166 Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person
Whoever, being a public servant, knowingly disobeys any direction of the law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such public servant, intendin...
167 Public servant framing an incorrect document with intent to cause injury
Whoever, being a public servant, and being, as such public servant, charged with the preparation or translation of any document, frames or translates that do...
168 Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade
Whoever, being a public servant, and being legally bound as such public servant not to engage in trade, engages in trade, shall be punished with simple impri...
169 Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property
Whoever, being a public servant, and being legally bound as such public servant, not to purchase or bid for certain property, purchases or bids for that prop...
170 Personating a public servant
Whoever pretends to hold any particular office as a public servant, knowing that he does not hold such office or falsely personates any other person holding ...
171 Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent
Whoever, not belonging, to a certain class of public servants, wears any garb or carries any token resembling any garb or token used by that class of public ...
Chapter IXA Of Offences Relating To Elections
171A Candidate, Electoral right defined
For the purposes of this Chapter-91[(a)"candidate" means a person who has been nominated as a candidate at any election;] (b) "electoral right" means the ri...
171B Bribery
(1) Whoever- (i) gives a gratification to any person with the object of inducing. him or any other person to exercise any electoral right or of rewarding any...
171C Undue influence at elections
(1) Whoever voluntarily interferes or attempts to interfere with the free exercise of any electoral right commits the offence of undue influence at an electi...
171D Personation at elections
Whoever at an election applied for a voting paper or votes in the name of any other person, whether living or dead, or in a fictitious name, or who having vo...
171E Punishment for bribery
Whoever commits the offence of bribery shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or wi...
171F Punishment for undue influence or personation at an election
Whoever commits the offence of undue influence or personation at an election shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may e...
171G False statement in connection with an election
Whoever with intent to affect the result of an election makes or publishes any statement purporting to be a statement of fact which is false and which he eit...
171H Illegal payments in connection with an election
Whoever without the general or special authority in writing of a candidate incurs or authorizes expenses on account of the holding of any public meeting, or ...
171I Failure to keep election accounts
Whoever being required by any law for the time being in force or any rule having the force of law to keep accounts of expenses incurred at or in connection w...
Chapter X Of Contempts Of The Lawful Authority Of Public Servants
172 Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding
Whoever absconds in order to avoid being served with a summons, notice or order, proceeding from any public servant legally competent, as such public servant...
173 Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or preventing publication thereof
Whoever in any manner intentionally prevents the serving on himself, or on any other person, of any summons, notice or order, proceeding from any public serv...
174 Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant
Whoever, being legally bound to attend in person or by an agent at a certain place and time in obedience to a summons, notice, order or proclamation proceedi...
175 Omission to produce document to public servant by person legally bound to produce it
Whoever, being legally bound to produce or deliver up any document of any public servant, as such, intentionally omits so to produce or deliver up the same, ...
176 Omission to give notice or information to public servant by person legally bound to give it
Whoever, being legally bound to give any notice or to furnish information on any subject to any public servant, as such, intentionally omits to give such not...
177 Furnishing false information
Whoever, being legally bound to furnish information on any subject to any public servant, as such, furnishes, as true, information on the subject which he kn...
178 Refusing oath or affirmation when duly required by public servant to make it
Whoever refuses to bind himself by an oath 99[or affirmation] to state the truth, when required so to bind himself by a public servant legally competent to r...
179 Refusing to answer public servant authorized to question
Whoever, being legally bound to state the truth on any subject to any public servant, refuses to answer any question demanded of him touching that subject by...
180 Refusing to sign statement
Whoever refuses to sign any statement made by him, when required to sign that statement by a public servant legally competent to require that he shall sign t...
181 False statement on oath or affirmation to public servant or person authorized to administer an oath or affirmation
Whoever, being legally bound by an oath 1[or affirmation] to state the truth on any subject to any public servant or other person authorized by law to admini...
182 False information, with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person
Whoever gives to any public servant any information which he knows or believes to be false, intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he wi...
183 Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant
Whoever offers any resistance to the taking of any property by the lawful authority of any public servant, knowing or having reason to believe that he is suc...
184 Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of public servant
Whoever intentionally obstructs any sale of property offered for sale by the lawful authority of any public servant, as such, shall be punished with imprison...
185 Illegal purchase or bid for property offered for sale by authority of public servant
Whoever, at any sale of property held by the lawful authority of a public servant, as such, purchases or bids for any property on account of any person, whet...
186 Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions
Whoever voluntarily obstructs any public servant in the discharge of his public functions, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a te...
187 Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance
Whoever, being bound by law to render or furnish assistance to any public servant in the execution of his public duty, intentionally omits to give such assis...
188 Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant
Whoever, knowing that, by an order promulgated by a public servant lawfully empowered to promulgate such order, he is directed to abstain from a certain act,...
189 Threat of injury to public servant
Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any public servant, or to any person in whom he believes that public servant to be interested, for the purpose of i...
190 Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for protection to public servant
Whoever holds out any threat of injury to any person for the purpose of inducing that person to refrain or desist from making a legal application for protect...
Chapter XI Of False Evidence And Offences Against Public Justice
191 Giving false evidence
Whoever, being legally bound by an oath or by an express provision of law to state the truth, or being bound by law to make a declaration upon any subject, m...
192 Fabricating false evidence
Whoever causes any circumstance to exist or makes any false entry in any book or record, or makes any document containing a false statement, intending that s...
193 Punishment for false evidence
Whoever intentionally gives false evidence in any stage of a judicial proceeding, or fabricates false evidence for the purpose of being used in any stage of ...
194 Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence
Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence, intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, any person to be convicted of ...
195 Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment
Whoever gives or fabricates false evidence intending thereby to cause, or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause, any person to be convicted of a...
196 Using evidence known to be false
Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use as true or genuine evidence any evidence which he knows to be false or fabricated, shall be punished in the same ma...
197 Issuing or signing false certificate
Whoever issues or signs any certificate required by law to be given or signed, or relating to any fact of which such certificate is by law admissible in evid...
198 Using as true a certificate known to be false
Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use any such certificate as a true certificate, knowing the same to be false in any material point, shall be punished i...
199 False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence
Whoever, in any declaration made or subscribed by him, which declaration any Court of Justice, or any public servant or other person, is bound or authorized ...
200 Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false
Whoever corruptly uses or attempts to use as true any such declaration, knowing the same to be false in any material point, shall be punished in the same man...
201 Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information to screen offender
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, causes any evidence of the commission of that offence to disappear, with the...
202 Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, intentionally omits to give any information respecting that offence which he...
203 Giving false information respecting an offence committed
Whoever knowing or having reason to believe that an offence has been committed, gives any information respecting that offence which he knows or believes to b...
204 Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence
Whoever secretes or destroys any document which he may be lawfully compelled to produce as evidence in a Court of Justice, or in any proceeding lawfully held...
205 False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution
Whoever falsely personates another, and in such assumed character makes any admission or statement, or confesses judgment, or causes any process to be issued...
206 Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution
Whoever fraudulently removes, conceals, transfers or delivers to any person any property or any interest therein, intending thereby to prevent that property ...
207 Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution
Whoever fraudulently accepts, receives or claims any property or any interest therein, knowing that he has no right or rightful claim to such property or int...
208 Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due
Whoever fraudulently causes or suffers a decree or order to be passed against him at the suit of any person for a sum not due or for a larger sum that is due...
209 Dishonestly making false claim in Court
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly, or with intent to injure or annoy any person, makes in a Court of Justice any claim which he knows to be false, shall be...
210 Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due
Whoever fraudulently obtains a decree or order against any person for a sum not due or for a larger sum than is due, or for any property or interest in prope...
211 False charge of offence made with intent to injure
Whoever, with intent to cause injury to any person, institutes or causes to be instituted any criminal proceeding against that person, or falsely charges any...
212 Harboring offender
Whenever an offence has been committed, whoever harbors or conceals a person whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the offender, with the intention of...
213 Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment
whoever accepts or attempts to obtain, or agrees to accept, any gratification for himself or any other person, or any restitution of property to himself or a...
214 Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender
Whoever gives or causes, or offers or agrees to give or cause, any gratification to any person, or 110[restores or causes the restoration of] any property to...
215 Taking gift to help to recover stolen property, etc
Whoever takes or agrees or consents to take any gratification under pretence or on account of helping any person to recover any movable property of which he ...
216 Harboring offender who has escaped from custody or whose apprehension has been ordered
Whenever any person convicted of or charged with an offence, being in lawful custody for that offence, escapes from such custody; or whenever a public serva...
216A Penalty for harboring robbers or dacoits
Whoever, knowing or having reason to believe that any persons are about to commit or have recently committed robbery or dacoity, harbors them or any of them,...
216B [Definition of harbor in sections 212, 216 and 216A: Repealed by the Indian Penal Code (Amendment) Act, 1942 (8 of 1942)]
217 Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture
Whoever, being a public servant, knowingly disobeys any direction of the law as to the way in which he is to conduct himself as such public servant, intendin...
218 Public servant framing incorrect record or writing with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture
Whoever, being a public servant, and being as such public servant, charged with the preparation of any record or other writing, frames that record or writing...
219 Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report, etc., contrary to law
Whoever, being a public servant, corruptly or maliciously makes or pronounces in any stage of a judicial proceeding, any report, order, verdict, or decision ...
220 Commitment for trial or confinement by person having authority who knows that he is acting contrary to law
Whoever, being in any office which gives him legal authority to commit persons for trial or to commitment, or to keep persons in confinement, corruptly or ma...
221 Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend
Whoever, being a public servant, legally bound as such public servant to apprehend or to keep in confinement any person charged with or liable to apprehended...
222 Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed
Whoever, being a public servant, legally bound as such public servant to apprehend or to keep in confinement any person under sentence of a Court of Justice ...
223 Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant
Whoever, being a public servant legally bound as such public servant to keep in confinement any person charged with or convicted of any offence 120[or lawful...
224 Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension
Whoever intentionally offers any resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of himself for any offence with which he is charged or of which...
225 Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person
Whoever intentionally offers any resistance or illegal obstruction to the lawful apprehension of any other person for an offence, or rescues or attempts to r...
225A Omission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of public servant, in cases not otherwise, provided for
Whoever, being a public servant legally bound as such public servant to apprehend, or to keep in confinement, any person in any case not provided for in sect...
225B Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape or rescue in cases not otherwise provided for
Whoever, in any case not provided for in section 224 or section 225 or in any other law for the time being in force, intentionally offers any resistance or i...
226 [Unlawful return from transportation: Repealed by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1995, w.e.f. 1st. January, 1956]
227 Violation of condition of remission of punishment
Whoever, having accepted any conditional remission of punishment, knowingly violates any condition on which such remission was granted, shall be punished wit...
228 Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting in judicial proceeding
Whoever intentionally offers any insult, or causes any interruption to any public servant, while such public servant is sitting in any stage of a judicial pr...
228A Disclosure of identity of the victim of certain offences etc
(1) Whoever prints or publishes the name or any matter which may make known the identity of any person against whom an offence under section 376, section 376...
229 Personation of a juror or assessor
Whoever, by personation or otherwise, shall intentionally cause, or knowingly suffer himself to be returned, empanelled or sworn as a juryman or assessor in ...
Chapter XII Of Offences Relating To Coin And Government Stamps
230 Coin defined
124[Coin is metal used for the time being as money, and stamped and issued by the authority of some State or Sovereign Power in order to be so used.] Indian c...
231 Counterfeiting coin
Whoever counterfeits or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting coin, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a te...
232 Counterfeiting Indian coin
Whoever counterfeits, or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting 126[Indian coin], shall be punished with 104[imprisonment for life], or...
233 Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting coin
Whoever makes or mends, or performs any part of the process of making or mending, or buys, sells or disposes of, any die or instrument, for the purpose of be...
234 Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Indian coin
Whoever makes or mends, or performs any part of the process of making or mending, or buys, sells or disposes of, any die or instrument, for the purpose of be...
235 Possession of instrument, or material for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin
Whoever is in possession of any instrument or material, for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin, or knowing or having reason to believe tha...
236 Abetting in India the counterfeiting out of India of coin
Whoever, being within 128[India], abets the counterfeiting of coin out of 128[India], shall be punished in the same manner as if he abetted the counterfeitin...
237 Import or export of counterfeit coin
Whoever imports into128[India], or exports there from, any counterfeit coin, knowing or having reason to believe that the same is counterfeit, shall be punis...
238 Import or export of counterfeits of the India coin
Whoever imports into 128[India], or exports there from, any counterfeit coin, which he knows or has reason to believe to be a counterfeit of 129[Indian coin]...
239 Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit
Whoever, having any counterfeit coin, which at the time when he became possessed of it knew to be counterfeit, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be ...
240 Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit
Whoever, having. any counterfeit coin which is a counterfeit of 129[Indian coin], and which, at the time when he became possessed of it, he knew to be a coun...
241 Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit
Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine, or attempts to induce any other person to receive as genuine, any counterfeit coin which he knows to be coun...
242 Possession of counterfeit coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof-
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of counterfeit coin, having known at the time when he became possessed the...
243 Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of counterfeit coin, which is a counterfeit of 126[Indian coin], having kn...
244 Person employed in mint causing coin to be of different weight or composition from that fixed by law
Whoever, being employed in any mint lawfully established in 128[India], does any act, or omits what he is legally bound to do, with the intention of causing ...
245 Unlawfully taking coining instrument from mint
Whoever, without lawful authority, takes out of any mint, lawfully established in 128[India], any coining tool or instrument, shall be punished with imprison...
246 Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of coin
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly performs on any coin any operation which diminishes the weight or alters the composition of that coin, shall be punished ...
247 Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of Indian coin
Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly performs on 130[any Indian coin] any. operation which diminishes the weight or alters the composition of that coin, shall...
248 Altering appearance of coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description
Whoever performs on any coin any operation which alters the appearance of that coin, with the intention that the said coin shall pass as a coin of a differen...
249 Altering appearance of Indian coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description
Whoever performs on 130[any Indian coin] any operation which alters the appearance of that coin, with the intention that the said coin shall pass as a coin o...
250 Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered
Whoever, having coin in his possession with respect to which the offence defined in section 246 or 248 has been committed, and having known at the time when ...
251 Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered
Whoever, having coin in his possession with respect to which the offence defined in section 247 or 249 has been committed, and having known at the time when ...
252 Possession of coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof-
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of coin with respect to which the offence defined in either of the section...
253 Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof-
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent that fraud may be committed, is in possession of coin with respect to which the offence defined in either of the section...
254 Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered
Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine or as a coin of a different description from what it is, or attempts to induce any person to receive as genuin...
255 Counterfeiting Government stamp
Whoever counterfeits, or knowingly performs any part of the process of counterfeiting, any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, shall be pun...
256 Having possession of instrument or material for counterfeiting Government stamp
Whoever has in his possession any instrument or material for the purpose of being used, or knowing or having reason to believe that it is intended to be used,...
257 Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Government stamp
Whoever makes or performs any part of the process of making, or buys, or sells, or disposes of, any instrument for the purpose of being used, or knowing or ha...
258 Sale of counterfeit Government stamp
Whoever, sells, or offers for sale, any stamp which he knows or has reason to believe to be a counterfeit of any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of...
259 Having possession of counterfeit Government stamp
Whoever has in his possession any stamp which he knows to be a counterfeit of any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, intending to use, or ...
260 Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be a counterfeit
Whoever uses as genuine any stamp, knowing it to be counterfeit of any stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, shall be punished with imprisonm...
261 Effacing, writing from substance bearing Government stamp, or removing from document a stamp used for it, with intent to cause loss to Government
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to the Government, removes or effaces from any substance, bearing any stamp issued by Government for the pu...
262 Using Government stamp known to have been before used
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to the Government, uses for any purpose a stamp issued by Government for the purpose of revenue, which he k...
263 Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used
Whoever, fraudulently or with intent to cause loss to Government, erases or removes from a stamp issued by the Government for the purpose of revenue, any mark...
263A Prohibition of fictitious stamps
(1) Whoever-(a) makes, knowingly utters, deals in or sells any fictitious stamps, or knowingly uses for any postal purpose any fictitious stamp, or(b) has in ...
Chapter XIII Of Offences Relating To Weights And Measures
264 Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing
Whoever fraudulently uses any instrument for weighing which he knows to be false, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which m...
265 Fraudulent use of false weight or measure
Whoever fraudulently uses any false weight or false measure of length or capacity, or fraudulently uses any weight or any measure of length or capacity as a d...
266 Being in possession of false weight or measure
Whoever is in possession of any instrument for weighing, or of any weight, or of any measure of length or capacity, which he knows to be false, 133[***] inten...
267 Making or selling false weight or measure
Whoever makes, sells or disposes of any instrument for weighing, or any weight, or any measure of length or capacity which he knows to be false, in order that...
Chapter XIV Of Offences Affecting The Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency And Morals
268 Public nuisance Public nuisance
A person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury, danger or annoyance to the public...
269 Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life
Whoever unlawfully or negligently does any act which is, and which he knows or has reason to believe to be, likely to spread the infection of any disease dang...
270 Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life
Whoever malignantly does any act which is, and which he knows or has reason to believe to be, likely to spread the infection of any disease dangerous to life,...
271 Disobedience to quarantine rule
Whoever knowingly disobeys any rule made and promulgated 134[by the 135[***]Government 136[***] for putting any vessel into a state of quarantine, or for regu...
272 Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale
Whoever adulterates any article of food or drink, so as to make such article noxious as food or drink, intending to sell such article as food or drink, or kno...
273 Sale of noxious food or drink
Whoever sells, or offers or exposes for sale, as food or drink, any article which has been rendered or has become noxious, or is in a state unfit for food or ...
274 Adulteration of drugs
Whoever adulterates any drug or medical preparation in such a manner as to lessen the efficacy or change the operation of such drug or medical preparation, or...
275 Sale of adulterated drugs
Whoever, knowing any drug or medical preparation to have been adulterated in such a manner as to lessen its efficacy, to change its operation, or to render it...
276 Sale of drug as a different drug or preparation
Whoever knowingly sells, or offers or exposes for sale, or issues from a dispensary for medicinal purposes, any drug or medical preparation, as a different dr...
277 Fouling water of public spring or reservoir
Whoever voluntarily corrupts or fouls the water of any public spring or reservoir, so as to render it less fit for the purpose for which it is ordinarily used...
278 Making atmosphere noxious to health
Whoever voluntarily vitiates the atmosphere in any place so as to make it noxious to the health of persons is general dwelling or carrying on business in the ...
279 Rash driving or riding on a public way
Whoever drives any vehicle, or rides, on any public way in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to...
280 Rash navigation of vessel
Whoever navigates any vessel in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other person, shall be...
281 Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy
Whoever exhibits any false light, mark or buoy, intending or knowing it to be likely that such exhibition will mislead any navigator, shall be punished with i...
282 Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel-
Whoever knowingly or negligently conveys, or causes to be conveyed for hire, any person by water in any vessel, when that vessel is in such a state or as load...
283 Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation
Whoever, by doing any act, or by omitting to take order with any property in his possession or under his charge, causes danger, obstruction or injury to any p...
284 Negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance
Whoever does, with any poisonous substance, any act in a manner so rash or negligent as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any...
285 Negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter
Whoever does, with fire or any combustible matter, any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any ...
286 Negligent conduct with respect to explosive substance
Whoever does, with any explosive substance, any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other p...
287 Negligent conduct with respect to machinery
Whoever does, with any machinery, any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or to be likely to cause hurt or injury to any other person,or k...
288 Negligent conduct with respect to pulling down or repairing buildings
Whoever, in pulling down or repairing any building, knowingly or negligently omits to take such order with that building as is sufficient to guard against any...
289 Negligent conduct with respect to animal
Whoever knowingly or negligently omits to take such order with any animal in his possession as is sufficient to guard against any probable danger to human lif...
290 Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for
Whoever commits a public nuisance in any case not otherwise punishable by this Code, shall be punished with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees....
291 Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue
Whoever repeats or continues a public nuisance, having been enjoined by any public servant who has lawful authority to issue such injunction not to repeat or ...
292 Sale, etc., of obscene books, etc. _
138[( 1 ) For the purposes of subsection (2), a book, pamphlet, paper, writing, drawing, painting, representation, figure or any other object, shall be deemed...
292A Printing, etc., of grossly indecent or scurrilous matter or matter intended for blackmail
Whoever,-(a) prints or causes to be printed in any newspaper, periodical or circular, or exhibits or causes to be exhibited, to public view or distributes or ...
293 Sale, etc., of obscene objects to young person
Whoever sells, lets to hire, distributes, exhibits or circulates to any person under the age of twenty years any such obscene object as is referred to in the ...
294 Obscene acts and songs
Whoever, to the annoyance of others-(a) does any obscene act in any public place, or(b) sings, recites or utters any obscene song, ballad or words, in or near ...
294A Keeping lottery office
Whoever keeps any office or place for the purpose of drawing any lottery 142[not being 143[a State lottery] or a lottery authorized by the 144[State] Governme...
Chapter XV Of Offences Relating To Religion
295 Injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the religion of any class
Whoever destroys, damages or defiles any place of worship, or any object held sacred by any class of persons with the intention of thereby insulting the relig...
295A Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs
Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of 146[citizens of India], 147[by words, either spoken or wr...
296 Disturbing religious assembly
Whoever voluntarily causes disturbance to any assembly lawfully engaged in the performance of religious worship, or religious ceremonies, shall be punished wi...
297 Trespassing on burial places, etc
Whoever, with the intention of wounding the feelings of any person, or of insulting the religion of any person, or with the knowledge that the feelings of any...
298 Uttering, words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious feelings of any person-
Whoever, with the deliberate intention of wounding the religious feelings of any person, utters any word or makes any sound in the hearing of that person or m...
Chapter XVI Of Offences Affecting The Human Body
299 Culpable homicide
Whoever causes death by doing an act with the intention of causing death, or with the intention of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, or ...
300 Murder
Except in the cases hereinafter excepted, culpable homicide is murder, if the act by which the death is caused is done with the intention of causing death, or...
301 Culpable homicide by causing death of person other than person whose death was intended
If a person, by doing anything which he intends or knows to be likely to cause death, commits culpable homicide by causing the death of any person, whose deat...
302 Punishment for murder
Whoever commits murder shall be punished with death, or 104[imprisonment for life], and shall also be liable to fine....
303 Punishment for murder by life-convict
Whoever, being under sentence of 104[imprisonment for life], commits murder, shall be punished with death....
304 Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder
Whoever commits culpable homicide not amounting to murder shall be punished with 104[imprisonment for life], or imprisonment of either description for a term ...
304A Causing death by negligence
Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either de...
304B Dowry death
(1) Where the death of a woman is caused by any burns or bodily injury or occurs otherwise than under normal circumstances within seven years of her marriage ...
305 Abetment of suicide of child or insane person
If any person under eighteen years of age, any insane person, any delirious person, any idiot, or any person in a state of intoxication, commits suicide, whoe...
306 Abetment of suicide
If any person commits suicide, whoever abets the commission of such suicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may ex...
307 Attempt to murder
Whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge, and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty or murder, shall ...
308 Attempt to commit culpable homicide
Whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty of culpable homici...
309 Attempt to commit suicide
Whoever attempts to commit suicide and does any act towards the commission of such offence, shall he punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may ex...
310 Thug
Whoever, at any time after the passing of this Act, shall have been habitually associated with any other or others for the purpose of committing robbery or ch...
311 Punishment
Whoever is a thug, shall be punished with 104[imprisonment for life], and shall also be liable to fine....
312 Causing miscarriage
Whoever voluntarily causes a woman with child to miscarry, shall, if such miscarriage be not caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the wo...
313 Causing miscarriage without woman's consent
Whoever commits the offence defined in the last preceding section without the consent of the woman, whether the woman is quick with child or not, shall be pun...
314 Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage
Whoever, with intent to cause the miscarriage of a woman with child, does any act which causes the death of such woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of...
315 Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth
Whoever before the birth of any child does any act with the intention of thereby preventing that child from being born alive or causing it to die after its bi...
316 Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide
Whoever does any act under such circumstances, that if he thereby caused death he would be guilty of culpable homicide, and does by such act cause the death o...
317 Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by parent or person having care of it
Whoever being the father or mother of a child under the age of twelve years, or having the care of such child, shall expose or leave such child in any place w...
318 Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body
Whoever, by secretly burying or otherwise disposing of the death body of a child whether such child die before or after or during its birth, intentionally con...
319 Hurt
Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt....
320 Grievous hurt
The following kinds of hurt only are designated as "grievous":-First- Emasculation.Secondly- Permanent privation of the sight of either eye.Thirdly- Permanent ...
321 Voluntarily causing hurt
Whoever does any act with the intention of thereby causing hurt to any person, or with the knowledge that he is likely thereby to cause hurt to any person, an...
322 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt, if the hurt which he intends to cause or knows himself to be likely to cause is grievous hurt, and if the hurt which he cause...
323 Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 334, voluntarily causes hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which m...
324 Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 334, voluntarily causes hurt by means of any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any instrume...
325 Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 335, voluntarily causes grievous hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a ter...
326 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means -
Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 335, voluntarily causes grievous hurt by means of any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any...
327 Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt, for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer, or from any person interested in the sufferer, any property or valuable secur...
328 Causing hurt by means of poison, etc. with intent to commit an offence
Whoever administers to or causes to be taken by any person any poison or any stupefying, intoxicating or unwholesome drug, or other thing with intent to cause...
329 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act
Whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer any property or valuable...
330 Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer, any confession or any informatio...
331 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property
Whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer any confession or any in...
332 Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt to any person being a public servant in the discharge of his duty as such public servant, or with intent to prevent or deter t...
333 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty
Whoever voluntarily causes grievous hurt to any person being a public servant in the discharge of his duty as such public servant, or with intent to prevent o...
334 Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation
Whoever voluntarily causes hurt on grave and sudden provocation, if he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause hurt to any person other than t...
335 Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on provocation
Whoever 153[voluntarily] causes grievous hurt on grave and sudden provocation, if he neither intends nor knows himself to be likely to cause grievous hurt to ...
336 Act endangering life or personal safety of others
Whoever does any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descri...
337 Causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others
Whoever causes hurt to any person by doing any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or the personal safety of others, shall be punished wit...
338 Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others
Whoever causes grievous hurt to any person to doing any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life, or the personal safety of others, shall be pun...
339 Wrongful restraint
Whoever voluntarily obstructs any person so as to prevent that person from proceeding in any direction in which that person has a right to proceed, is said wr...
340 Wrongful confinement
Whoever wrongfully restrains any person in such a manner as to prevent that person from proceedings beyond certain circumscribing limits, is said "wrongfully ...
341 Punishment for wrongful restraint
Whoever wrongfully restrains any person shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to ...
342 Punishment for wrongful confinement
Whoever wrongfully confines any person shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which m...
343 Wrongful confinement for three or more days
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for three days, or more, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two y...
344 Wrongful confinement for ten or more days
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for ten days, or more, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three y...
345 Wrongful confinement of person for whose liberation writ has been issued
Whoever keeps any person in wrongful confinement, knowing that a writ for the liberation of that person has been duly issued, shall be punished with imprisonm...
346 Wrongful confinement in secret
Whoever wrongfully confines any person in such manner as to indicate an intention that the confinement of such person may not be known to any person intereste...
347 Wrongful confinement to extort property, or constrain to illegal act
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for the purpose of extorting from the person confined, or from any person interested in the person confined, any proper...
348 Wrongful confinement to extort confession, or compel restoration of property
Whoever wrongfully confines any person for the purpose of extorting from the person confined or any person interested in the person confined any confession or...
349 Force
A person is said to use force to another if he causes motion, change of motion, or cessation of motion to that other, or if he causes to any substance such mo...
350 Criminal force
Whoever intentionally uses force to any person, without that person's consent, in order to the committing of any offence, or intending by the use of such forc...
351 Assault
Whoever makes any gesture, or any preparation intending or knowing. it to be likely that such gesture or preparation will cause any person present to apprehen...
352 Punishment for assault or criminal force otherwise than on grave provocation
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation given by that person, shall be punished with imprisonment...
353 Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person being a public servant in the execution of his duty as such public servant, or with intent to prevent or...
354 Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty.
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any woman, intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby outrage her modesty, shall be punis...
355 Assault or criminal force with intent to dishonor person, otherwise than on grave provocation
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, intending thereby to dishonor that person, otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation given by that...
356 Assault or criminal force in attempt to commit theft of property carried by a person
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, in attempting to commit theft on any property which that person is then wearing or carrying, shall be p...
357 Assault or criminal force in attempt wrongfully to confine a person
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person, in attempting wrongfully to confine that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either descript...
358 Assault or criminal force on grave provocation
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person on grave and sudden provocation given by that person, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a t...
359 Kidnapping
Kidnapping. is of two kinds: kidnapping from 171[India], and kidnapping  from lawful guardianship....
360 Kidnapping from India
Whoever conveys any person beyond the limits of 154[India] without the consent of that person, or of some person legally authorized to consent on behalf of th...
361 Kidnapping from lawful guardianship
Whoever takes or entices any minor under 155[sixteen] years of age if a male, or under 156[eighteen] years of age if a female, or. any person of unsound mind,...
362 Abduction
Whoever by force compels, or by any deceitful means induces, any person to go from any place, is said to abduct that person....
363 Punishment for kidnapping
Whoever kidnaps any person from 154[India] or front lawful guardianship, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend...
363A Kidnapping or maiming a minor for purposes of begging
(1) Whoever Kidnaps any minor or, not being the lawful guardian of a minor, obtains the custody of the minor, in order that such minor may be employed or used...
364 Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person in order that such person may be murdered or may be so disposed of as to be put in danger of being murdered, shall be pu...
364A Kidnapping for ransom, etc
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person or keeps a person in detention after such kidnapping or abduction and threatens to cause death or hurt to such person...
365 Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person with intent to cause that person to be secretly and wrongfully confined, shall be punished with imprisonment of either d...
366 Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any woman with intent that she may be compelled, or knowing it to be likely that she will be compelled, to marry any person against...
366A Procuration of minor girl
Whoever, by any means whatsoever, induces any minor girl under the age of eighteen years to go from any place or to do any act with intent that such girl may ...
366B Importation of girl from foreign country
Whoever imports into 161[India] from any country outside India 162[or from the State of Jammu and Kashmir] any girl under the age of twenty-one years with int...
367 Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous hurt, slavery, etc
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any person in order that such person may be subjected, or may be so disposed of as to be put in danger of being subject to grievous...
368 Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement, kidnapped or abducted person
Whoever, knowing that any person has been kidnapped or has been abducted, wrongfully conceals or confines such person, shall be punished in the same manner as...
369 Kidnapping or abducting child under ten years with intent to steal from its person
Whoever kidnaps or abducts any child under the age of ten years with the intention of taking dishonestly any movable property from the person of such child, s...
370 Buying or disposing of any person as a slave
Whoever imports, exports, removes, buys, sells or disposes of any person as a slave, or accepts, receives or detains against his will any person as a slave, s...
371 Habitual dealing in slaves
Whoever habitually imports, exports, removes, buys, sells, traffics or deals in slaves, shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for life],  or with imprisonme...
372 Selling minor for purposes of prostitution, etc
Whoever sells, lets to hire, or otherwise disposes of any 164[person under the age of eighteen years with intent that such person shall at any age be employed...
373 Buying minor for purposes of prostitution, etc
Whoever buys, hires or otherwise obtains possession of any 164[person under the age of eighteen years with intent that such person shall at any age be employe...
374 Unlawful compulsory labor
Whoever unlawfully compels any person to labor against the will of that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may...
375 Rape
A man is said to commit "rape" who, except in the case hereinafter excepted, has sexual intercourse with a woman under circumstances falling under any of the ...
376 Punishment for rape
(1) Whoever, except in the cases provided for by subsection (2), commits rape shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall...
376A Intercourse by a man with his wife during separation
Whoever has sexual intercourse with his own wife, who is living separately from him under a decree of separation or under any custom or usage without her cons...
376B Intercourse by public servant with woman in his custody
Whoever, being a public servant, takes advantage of his official position and induces or seduces, any woman, who is in his custody as such public servant or i...
376C Intercourse by superintendent of jail, remand home, etc
Whoever, being the superintendent or manager of a jail, remand home or other place of custody established by or under any law for the time being in force or o...
376D Intercourse by any member of the management or staff of a hospital with any woman in that hospital
Whoever, being on the management of a hospital or hem. on the staff of a hospital takes advantage of his position and has sexual intercourse with any woman in...
377 Unnatural offences
Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for life], or wi...
Chapter XVII Of Offences Against Property
378 Theft
Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any moveable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order t...
379 Punishment for theft
Whoever commits theft shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both....
380 Theft in dwelling house, etc
Whoever commits theft in any building, tent or vessel, which building, tent or vessel is used as a human dwelling., or used for the custody of property, shall...
381 Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master
Whoever, being a clerk or servant, or being employed in the capacity of a clerk or servant, commits theft in respect of any property in the possession of his ...
382 Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to the committing of the theft
Whoever commits theft, having made preparation for causing death, or hurt, or restraint, or fear of death, or of hurt, or of restraint, to any person, in orde...
383 Extortion
Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deli...
384 Punishment for extortion
Whoever commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both....
385 Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion
Whoever, in order to the committing of extortion, puts any person in fear, or attempts to put any person in fear, of any injury, shall be punished with impris...
386 Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt to
Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other, shall be punished with imprisonment of ei...
387 Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion
Whoever, in order to the committing of extortion, puts or attempts to put any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other, shal...
388 Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc
Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of an accusation against that person or any other, of having committed or attempted to commit any offe...
389 Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion
Whoever, in order to the committing of extortion, puts or attempts to put any person in fear of an accusation, against that person or any other, of having com...
390 Robbery
In all robbery there is either theft or extortion.When theft is robbery- Theft is "robbery" if, in order to the committing of the theft, or in committing the t...
391 Dacoity
When five or more persons conjointly commit or attempt to commit a robbery, or where the whole number of persons conjointly committing or attempting to commit...
392 Punishment for robbery
Whoever commits robbery shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine; and, if the r...
393 Attempt to commit robbery
Whoever attempts to commit robbery shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine....
394 Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery
If any person, in committing or in attempting to commit robbery, voluntarily causes hurt, such person, and any other person jointly concerned in committing or...
395 Punishment for dacoity
Whoever commits dacoity shall be punished with 152[imprisonment for life], or with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall a...
396 Dacoity with murder
If any one of five or more persons, who are conjointly committing dacoity, commits murder in so committing dacoity, every one of those persons shall be punish...
397 Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt
If, at the time of committing robbery or dacoity, the offender uses any deadly weapon, or causes grievous hurt to any person, or attempts to cause death or gr...
398 Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon
If, at the time of attempting to commit robbery or dacoity, the offender is armed with any deadly weapon, the imprisonment with which such offender shall be p...
399 Making preparation to commit dacoity
Whoever makes, any preparation for committing dacoity, shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also b...
400 Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits
Whoever, at any time after the passing of' this Act, shall belong, to a gang of persons associated for the purpose of habitually committing dacoity, shall be ...
401 Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves
Whoever, at any time after the passing of this Act, shall belong to any wandering or other gang of persons associated for the purpose of habitually committing...
402 Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity
Whoever, at any time after the passing of this Act, shall be one of five or more persons assembled for the purpose of committing dacoity, shall be punished wi...
403 Dishonest misappropriation of property
Whoever dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use any movable property, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term whic...