SectionsParticulars
Chapter IPreliminary
1Short title and extent
Short title and extent – (1) This Act may be called the Indian Forest Act, 1927....
2Interpretation clause
– In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, -(1) "cattle" includes elephants, camels, buffaloes, horses, mares, geldings, po...
Chapter IIReserved Forests
3Power to reserve forests
3. Power to reserve forests – The State Government may constitute any forest-land or waste-land which is the property of Government, or over which the Governm...
4Notification by State Government
4. Notification by State Government – (1) Whenever it has been decided to constitute any land a reserved forest, the State Government shall issue a notificatio...
5Bar of accrual of forest-rights
5. Bar of accrual of forest-rights. – After the issue of a notification under section 4, no right shall be acquired in or over the land comprised in such not...
6Proclamation by Forest Settlement-officer
6. Proclamation by Forest Settlement-officer.- When a notification has been issued under section 4, the Forest Settlement-officer shall publish in the local v...
7Inquiry by Forest Settlement-officer
7. Inquiry by Forest Settlement-officer. – The Forest Settlement-officer shall take down in writing all statements made under section 6, and shall at some con...
8Powers of Forest Settlement-officers
8. Powers of Forest Settlement-officers.- For the purpose of such inquiry, the Forest Settlement-officer may exercise the following powers, that is to say:-a)...
9Extinction of rights
9. Extinction of rights – Rights in respect of which no claim has been preferred under section 6, and of the existence of which no knowledge has been acquire...
10Treatment of claims relating to practice of shifting cultivation
10. Treatment of claims relating to practice of shifting cultivation – (1) In the case of a claim relating to the practice of shifting cultivation, the Forest...
11Power to acquire land over which right is claimed
11. Power to acquire land over which right is claimed. – (1) In the case of a claim to a right in or over any land, other than a right of way or right of past...
12Order on claims to rights of pasture or to forest-produce
12. Order on claims to rights of pasture or to forest-produce. – In the case of a claim to rights of pasture or to forest-produce, the Forest Settlement-offic...
13Record to be made by Forest Settlement-officers
13. Record to be made by Forest Settlement-officer. – The Forest Settlement-officer, when passing any order under section 12, shall record, so far as may be p...
14Record where he admits claim
14. Record where he admits claim. – If the Forest Settlement-officer admits in whole or in part any claim under section 12, he shall also record the extent to...
15Exercise of rights admitted
15. Exercise of rights admitted.- (1) After making such record the Forest Settlement-officer shall, to the best of his ability, having due regard to the main...
16Commutation of rights
16. Commutation of rights. – In case the Forest Settlement-officer finds it impossible having due regard to the maintenance of the reserved forest, to make s...
17Appeal from order passed under section 11, section 12, section 15 or section 16
17. Appeal from order passed under section 11, section 12, section 15 or section 16. – Any person who has made a claim under this Act, or any Forest-officer o...
18Appeal under section 17
18. Appeal under section 17. – (1) Every appeal under section 17 shall be made by petition in writing, and may be delivered to the Forest Settlement-officer,...
19Pleaders
19. Pleaders. – The State Government, or any person who has made a claim under this Act, may appoint any person to appear, plead and act on its or his behalf...
20Notification declaring forest reserved
20. Notification declaring forest reserved. – (1) When the following events have occurred, namely:-a) the period fixed under section 6 for preferring claims h...
21Publication of translation of such notification in neighborhood of forest
21. Publication of translation of such notification in neighborhood of forest. – The Forest-officer shall, before the date fixed by such notification, cause ...
22Power to revise arrangement made under section 15 or section 18
22. Power to revise arrangement made under section 15 or section 18. – The State Government may, within five years from the publication of any notification un...
23No right acquired over reserved forest, except as here provided
No right of any description shall be acquired in or over a reserved forest except by succession or under a grant or contract in writing made by or on behalf o...
24Rights not to be alienated without sanction
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 23, no right continued under clause (c) of sub-section (2) of section 15 shall be alienated by way of grant,...
25Power to stop ways and water-courses in reserved forests
25. Power to stop ways and water-courses in reserved forests. – The Forest-officer may, with the previous sanction of the State Government or of any officer d...
26Acts prohibited in such forests
26. Acts prohibited in such forests. – (1) Any person who -a) makes any fresh clearing prohibited by section 5, orb) sets fire to a reserved forest, or, in con...
27Power to declare forest no longer reserved
(1) The State Government may, by [***] notification in the Official Gazette, direct that, from a date fixed by such notification, any forest or any portion th...
Chapter IIIVillage-Forests
28Formation of village-forests
28. Formation of village-forests. – (1) The State Government may assign to any village-community the rights of Government to or over any land which has been ...
Chapter IVProtected Forests
29Protected forests
29. Protected forests. – (1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare the provisions of this Chapter applicable to any fores...
30Power to issue notification reserving trees, etc
30. Power to issue notification reserving trees, etc. – The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette:a) declare any trees or class of tre...
31Publication of translation of such notification in neighborhood
31. Publication of translation of such notification in neighborhood. – The Collector shall cause a translation into the local vernacular of every notification...
32Power to make rules for protected forests
32. Power to make rules for protected forests. – The State Government may make rules to regulate the following matters, namely:-a) the cutting, sawing, conver...
33Penalties for acts in contravention of notification under section 30 or of rules under section 32
33. Penalties for acts in contravention of notification under section 30 or of rules under section 32.  (1) Any person who commits any of the following offen...
34Nothing in this Chapter to prohibit acts done in certain cases
34. Nothing in this Chapter to prohibit acts done in certain cases. – Nothing in this Chapter shall be deemed to prohibit any act done with the permission in ...
Chapter VThe Control over Forest and Lands not being the Property of Government
35Protection of forests for special purposes
35. Protection of forests for special purposes. – (1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, regulate or prohibit in any forest or ...
36Power to assume management of forests
36. Power to assume management of forests. – (1) In case of neglect of, or willful disobedience to, any regulation or prohibition under section 35, or if the ...
37Expropriation of forests in certain cases
37. Expropriation of forests in certain cases. – (1) In any case under this Chapter in which the State Government considers that, in lieu of placing the fores...
38Protection of forests at request of owners
38. Protection of forests at request of owners. – (1) The owner of any land, or if there be more than one owner thereof, the owners of shares therein amountin...
Chapter VIThe Duty on Timber and other Forest- Produce
39Power to impose duty on timber and other forest-produce
39. Power to impose duty on timber and other forest-produce. – (1) The (7)Central Government may levy a duty in such manner, at such places and at such rates ...
40Limit not to apply to purchase-money or royalty
40. Limit not to apply to purchase-money or royalty – Nothing in this chapter shall be deemed to limit the amount, if any, chargeable as purchase money or roy...
Chapter VIIThe Control of Timber and other Forest-Produce in Transit
41Power to make rules to regulate transit of forest produce
41. Power to make rules to regulate transit of forest produce – (1) The control of all rivers and their banks as regards the floating of timber, as well as th...
42Penalty for breach of rules made under section 41
42. Penalty for breach of rules made under section 41. – (1) The State Government may by such rules prescribe as penalties for the contravention thereof impri...
43Government and Forest-officers not liable for damage to forest-produce at depot
43. Government and Forest-officers not liable for damage to forest-produce at depot. – The Government shall not be responsible for any loss or damage which m...
44All persons bound to aid in case of accidents at depot
44. All persons bound to aid in case of accidents at depot. – In case of any accident or emergency involving danger to any property at any such depot, every p...
Chapter VIIIThe Collection of Drift and Stranded Timber
45Certain kinds of timber to be deemed property of Government until title thereto proved, and may be collected accordingly
45. Certain kinds of timber to be deemed property of Government until title thereto proved, and may be collected accordingly. – (1) All timber found adrift, b...
46Notice to claimants of drift timber
46. Notice to claimants of drift timber. – Public notice shall from time to time be given by the Forest-officer, of timber collected under section 45. Such no...
47Procedure on claim preferred to such timber
47. Procedure on claim preferred to such timber. – (1) When any such statement is presented as aforesaid, the Forest-officer may, after making such inquiry as...
48Disposal of unclaimed timber
48. Disposal of unclaimed timber. – If no such statement is presented as aforesaid, or if the claimant omits to prefer his claim in the manner and within the...
49Government and its officers not liable for damage to such timber
49. Government and its officers not liable for damage to such timber.The Government shall not be responsible for any loss or damage which may occur in respect...
50Payments to be made by claimant before timber is delivered to him
50. Payments to be made by claimant before timber is delivered to him. – No person shall be entitled to recover possession of any timber collected or delivere...
51Power to make rules and prescribe penalties
51. Power to make rules and prescribe penalties. – (1) The State Government may make rules to regulate the following matters, namely:-(a) the salving, collect...
Chapter IXPenalties and Procedure
52Seizure of property liable to confiscation
52. Seizure of property liable to confiscation. – (1) When there is reason to believe that a forest-offence has been committed in respect of any forest-produc...
53Power to release property seized under section 52
53. Power to release property seized under section 52. – Any Forest-officer of a rank not inferior to that of a Ranger who, or whose subordinate, has seized a...
54Procedure thereupon
54. Procedure thereupon – Upon the receipt of any such report, the Magistrate shall, with all convenient dispatch, take such measures as may be necessary for...
55Forest-produce, tools, etc., when liable to confiscation
55. Forest-produce, tools, etc., when liable to confiscation. – (1) All timber or forest-produce which is not the property of Government and in respect of whi...
56Disposal on conclusion of trial for forest-offence, of produce in respect of which it was committed
56. Disposal on conclusion of trial for forest-offence, of produce in respect of which it was committed. – When the trial of any forest-offence is concluded,...
57Procedure when offender not known or cannot be found
57. Procedure when offender not known or cannot be found, - When the offender is not known or cannot be found, the Magistrate may, if he finds that an offence...
58Procedure as to perishable property seized under section 52
58. Procedure as to perishable property seized under section 52. – The Magistrate may, notwithstanding anything herein before contained, direct the sale of an...
59Appeal from orders under section 55, section 56 or section 57
59. Appeal from orders under section 55, section 56 or section 57. _ The officer who made the seizure under section 52, or any of his official superiors, or a...
60Property when to vest in Government
60. Property when to vest in Government. – When an order for the confiscation of any property has been passed under section 55 or section 57, as the case may ...
61Saving of power to release property seized
61. Saving of power to release property seized. – Nothing hereinbefore contained shall be deemed to prevent any officer empowered in this behalf by the State ...
62Punishment for wrongful seizure
62. Punishment for wrongful seizure. – Any Forest-officer or Police-officer who vexatiously and unnecessarily seizes any property on pretence of seizing prope...
63Penalty for counterfeiting or defacing marks on trees and timber and for altering boundary marks
63. Penalty for counterfeiting or defacing marks on trees and timber and for altering boundary marks. – Whoever, with intent to cause damage or injury to the...
64Power to arrest without warrant
64. Power to arrest without warrant. – (1) Any Forest-officer or Police-officer may, without orders from a Magistrate and without a warrant, arrest any person...
65Power to release on a bond a person arrested
65. Power to release on a bond a person arrested. – Any Forest-officer of a rank not inferior to that of a Ranger, who, or whose subordinate, has arrested any...
66Power to prevent commission of offence
66. Power to prevent commission of offence. – Every Forest-officer and Police-officer shall prevent, and may interfere for the purpose of preventing, the comm...
67Power to try offences summarily
67. Power to try offences summarily. – The District Magistrate or any Magistrate of the first class specially empowered in this behalf by the State Government...
68Power to compound offences
68. Power to compound offences. – (1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, empower a Forest officer -a) to accept from any perso...
69Presumption that forest-produce belongs to Government
69. Presumption that forest-produce belongs to Government – When in any proceedings taken under this Act, or in consequence of anything done under this Act, a...
Chapter XCattle-Trespass
70Cattle-trespass Act, 1871, to apply
70. Cattle-trespass Act, 1871, to apply, - Cattle trespassing in a reserved forest or in any portion of a protected forest which has been lawfully closed to g...
71Power to alter fines fixed under that Act
71. Power to alter fines fixed under that Act, - The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that, in lieu of the fines fixed un...
Chapter XIForest-Officers
72State Government may invest Forest-officers with certain powers
72. State Government may invest Forest-officers with certain powers.  (1) The State Government may invest any Forest-officer with all or of the following pow...
73Forest officers deemed public servants
73. Forest officers deemed public servants. – All Forest-officers shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (45 ...
74Indemnity for acts done in good faith
74. Indemnity for acts done in good faith. – No suit shall lie against any public servant for anything done by him in good faith under this Act....
75Forest-officers not to trade
75. Forest-officers not to trade. – Except with the permission in writing of the State Government, no Forest-officer shall, as principal or agent, trade in t...
Chapter XIISubsidiary Rules
76Additional powers to make rules
76. Additional powers to make rules. – The State Government may make rules_a) to prescribe and limit the powers and duties of any Forest-officer under this Ac...
77Penalties for breach of rules
77. Penalties for breach of rules, - Any person contravening any rule under this Act, for the contravention of which no special penalty is provided, shall be ...
78Rules when to have force of law
78. Rules when to have force of law, - All rules made by the State Government under this Act shall be published in the Official Gazette, and shall thereupon,...
Chapter XIIIMiscellaneous
79Persons bound to assist Forest-officers and Police-officers
79. Persons bound to assist Forest-officers and Police-officers. – (1) Every person who exercises any right in a reserved or protected forest, or who is permi...
80Management of forests the joint property of Government and other persons
80. Management of forests the joint property of Government and other persons. (1) If the Government and any person be jointly interested in any forest or wast...
81Failure to perform service for which a share in produce of Government forest is employed
81. Failure to perform service for which a share in produce of Government forest is employed. – If any person be entitled to a share in the produce of any fo...
82Recovery of money due to Government
82. Recovery of money due to Government. – All money payable to the Government under this Act, or under any rule made under this Act, or on account of the pri...
83Lien on forest-produce for such money
83. Lien on forest-produce for such money. – (1) When any such money is payable for or in respect of any forest-produce, the amount thereof shall deemed to be...
84Land required under this Act to be deemed to be needed for a public purpose under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894
84. Land required under this Act to be deemed to be needed for a public purpose under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. Whenever it appears to the State Govern...
85Recovery of penalties due under bond
85. Recovery of penalties due under bond,_When any person, in accordance with any provision of this Act, or in compliance with any rule made thereunder, bind...
85aSaving for rights of Central Government
85A. Saving for rights of Central Government. – Nothing in this Act shall authorize a Government of any State to make any order or do anything in relation to a...
86Repeals
86. Repeals. – [Rep. by Repealing and Amending Act, 1947 (2 of 1948), sec. 2 and Sch]...
The Schedule
THE SCHEDULE. – [Enactments Repealed] Rep. by sec. 2 and Sch., ibid.1. Subs. by the Adoption of Law (No.3) Order, 1956, for sub-sections(2) and (3)2. This Act ...
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