SectionsParticulars
Chapter IPreliminary
1Short title and extent
(1) This Act may be called the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 (2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. ...
2Application of Act
(1) This Act applies- (a) to any person, who is a Hindu by religion in any of its forms or developments including a Virashaiva, a Lingayat or a follower of th...
3Definitions and interpretatsons
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires- (a) "agnate" - one person is said to be an "agnate" of another if the two are related by blood or adopt...
4Overriding effect of Act
(1) Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act,- (a) any text, rule or interpretation of Hindu law or any custom or usage as part of that law in force im...
Chapter IIIntestate Succession
5Act not to apply to certain properties
This Act shall not apply to- (i) any property succession to which is regulated by the Indian Succession Act, 1925, by reason of the provisions contained in sec...
6Devolution of interest of coparcenary property
When a male Hindu dies after the commencement of this Act, having at the time of his death an interest in a Mitakshara coparcenary property, his interest in t...
7Devolution of interest in the property of a tarwad, tavazhi, kutumba, kavaru or illom
(1) When a Hindu to whom the marumakkattayam or nambudri law would have applied if this Act had not been passed dies after the commencement of this Act, havin...
8General rules of succession in the case of males
The property of a male Hindu dying intestate shall devolve according to the provisions of this Chapter- (a) firstly, upon the heirs, being the relatives specif...
9Order of succession among heirs in the Schedule
Among the heirs specified in the Schedule, those in class I shall take simultaneously and to the exclusion of all other heirs; those in the first entry in cla...
10Distribution of property among heirs in class I of the Schedule
The property of an intestate shall be divided among the heirs in class I of the Schedule in accordance with the following rules: -The intestate’s widow, or if ...
11Distribution of property among heirs in class II of the Schedule
The property of an intestate shall be divided between the heirs specified in any one entry in class II of the Schedule so that they share equally. ...
12Order of succession among agnates and cognates
The order of succession among agnates or cognates, as the case may be, shall be determined in accordance with the rules of preference laid down hereunder: - O...
13Computation of degrees
(1) For the purposes of determining the order of succession among agnates or cognates, relationship shall be reckoned from the intestate to the heir in terms ...
14Property of a female Hindu to be her absolute property
(1) Any property possessed by a Female Hindu, whether acquired before or after the commencement of this Act, shall be held by her as full owner thereof and no...
15General rules of succession in the case of female Hindus
(1) The property of a female Hindu dying intestate shall devolve according to the rules set out in section 16 : (a) firstly, upon the sons and daughters (incl...
16Order of succession and manner of distribution among heirs of a female Hindu
The order of succession among the heirs referred to in section 15 shall be, and the distribution of the intestate’s property among those heirs shall take plac...
17Special provisions respecting persons governed by Marumakkattayam and Aliyasantana laws
The provisions of sections 8, 10, 15 and 23 shall have effect in relation to persons who would have been governed by the marumakkattayam law or aliyasantana l...
18Full blood preferred to half blood
Heirs related to an intestate by full blood shall be preferred to heirs related by half blood, if the nature of the relationship is the same in every other re...
19Mode of succession of two or more heirs
If two or more heirs succeed together to the property of an intestate, they shall take the property- (a) save as otherwise expressly provided in this Act, per ...
20Right of child in womb
A child who was in the womb at the time of death of an intestate and who is subsequently born alive has the same right to inherit to the intestate as if he or...
21Presumption in cases of simultaneous deaths
Where two persons have died in circumstances rendering it uncertain whether either of them, and if so which, survived the other, then for all purposes affecti...
22Preferential right to acquire property in certain cases
(1) Where, after the commencement of this Act, interest in any immovable property of an intestate, or in any business carried on by him or her, whether solely...
23Special provision respecting dwelling houses
Where a Hindu intestate has left surviving him or her both male and female heirs specified in class I of the Schedule and his or her property includes a dwell...
24Certain widows remarrying may not inherit as widows
Any heir who is related to an intestate as the widow of a pre-deceased son, the widow of a pre-deceased son of a pre-deceased son or the widow of a brother sh...
25Murderer disqualified
A person who commits murder or abets the commission of murder shall be disqualified from inheriting the property of the person murdered, or any other property...
26Convert's descendants disqualified
Where, before or after the commencement of this Act, a Hindu has ceased or ceases to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion, children born to him or her...
27Succession when heir disqualified
If any person is disqualified from inheriting any property under this Act, it shall devolve as if such person had died before the intestate. ...
28Disease, defect, etc. not to disqualify
No person shall be disqualified from succeeding to any property on the ground of any disease, defect or deformity, or save as provided in this Act, on any oth...
29Failure of heirs
If an intestate has left no heir qualified to succeed to his or her property in accordance with the provisions of this Act, such property shall devolve on the...
Chapter IIITestamentary Succession
30Testamentary succession
2[* * *] Any Hindu may dispose of by will or other testamentary disposition any property, which is capable of being so disposed of by him, in accordance with ...
Chapter IVRepeal
31Repeal
[Rep. by Repealing and Amending Act, 1960 (58 of 1960)] ...
The schedule
Son; daughter; widow; mother; son of a pre-deceased son; daughter of a pre-deceased son; son of a pre-deceased daughter; daughter of a pre-deceased daughter; ...
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