SectionsParticulars
Preamble
Chapter IPreliminary
1Short title, extent and commencement
Chapter I: Preliminary1. Short title, extent and commencement. – 1.     This Act may be called the Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008. 2.     It extends to the who...
2Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,- a.     "Gram Nyayalaya" means a court established under sub-section (1) of section 3; b.    "Gram Pan...
Chapter IIGram Nyayalaya
3Establishment of Gram Nyayalayas
Chapter II: Gram Nyayalaya3. Establishment of Gram Nyayalayas. – 1.     For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyaya...
4Headquarters of Gram Nyayalaya
4. Headquarters of Gram Nyayalaya. - The headquarters of every Gram Nyayalaya shall be located at the headquarters of the intermediate Panchayat in which the...
5Appointment of Nyayadhikari
The State Government shall, in consultation with the High Court, appoint a Nyayadhikari for every Gram Nyayalaya. ...
6Qualifications for appointment of Nyayadhikari
6. Qualifications for appointment of Nyayadhikari. – 1.     A person shall not be qualified to be appointed as a Nyayadhikari unless he is eligible to be ap...
7Salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of Nyayadhikari
7. Salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of Nyayadhikari. – The salary and other allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditi...
8Nyayadhikari not to preside over proceedings in which he is interested
8. Nyayadhikari not to preside over proceedings in which he is interested. – The Nyayadhikari shall not preside over the proceedings of a Gram Nyayalaya in wh...
9Nyayadhikari to hold mobile courts and conduct proceedings in villages
1.     The Nyayadhikari shall periodically visit the villages falling under his jurisdiction and conduct trial or proceedings at any place which he consider...
10Seal of Gram Nyayalaya
Every Gram Nyayalaya established under this Act shall use a seal of the court in such form and dimensions as may be prescribed by the High Court with the app...
Chapter IIIJurisdiction, Powers and Authority of Gram Nyayalaya
11Jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalaya
Chapter III: Jurisdiction, Powers and Authority of Gram Nyayalaya11. Jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalaya. – Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Crim...
12Criminal jurisdiction
12. Criminal jurisdiction. – 1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 or any other law for the time being in force,...
13Civil jurisdiction
1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 or any other law for the time being in force, and subject to sub-section (2),...
14Power to amend Schedules
14. Power to amend Schedules. – 1.     Where the Central Government is satisfied that it is necessary or expedient so to do, it may, by notification, add to...
15Limitation
15. Limitation. – 1.     The provisions of the Limitation Act, 1963 shall be applicable to the suits triable by the Gram Nyayalaya. 2.     The provisions o...
16Transfer of pending proceedings
16. Transfer of pending proceedings. – 1.     The District Court or the Court of Session, as the case may be, with effect from such date as may be notified ...
17Duties of ministerial officers
17. Duties of ministerial officers. –1.     The State Government shall determine the nature and categories of the officers and other employees required to a...
Chapter IVProcedure in Criminal Cases
18Overriding effect of Act in criminal trial
Chapter IV: Procedure in Criminal Cases18. Overriding effect of Act in criminal trial. – The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anythin...
19Gram Nyayalaya to follow summary trial procedure
19. Gram Nyayalaya to follow summary trial procedure. – 1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 260 or sub-section (2) of se...
20Plea bargaining before Gram Nyayalaya
A person accused of an offence may file an application for plea bargaining in Gram Nyayalaya in which such offence is pending trial and the Gram Nyayalaya sh...
21Conduct of cases in Gram Nyayalaya and legal aid to parties
1.     For the purpose of conducting criminal cases in the Gram Nyayalaya on behalf of the Government, the provisions of section 25 of the Code of Criminal ...
22Pronouncement of judgment
22. Pronouncement of judgment. – 1.     The judgment in every trial shall be pronounced by the Nyayadhikari in open court immediately after the termination ...
Chapter VProcedure in Civil Cases
23Overriding effect of Act in civil proceedings
Chapter V: Procedure in Civil Cases23. Overriding effect of Act in civil proceedings. – The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything...
24Special procedure in civil disputes
1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, every suit, claim or dispute under this Act shall be instituted by m...
25Execution of decrees and orders of Gram Nyayalaya
1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, the judgment passed by a Gram Nyayalaya shall be deemed to be a decree and it...
26Duty of Gram Nyayalaya to make efforts for conciliation and settlement of civil disputes
26. Duty of Gram Nyayalaya to make efforts for conciliation and settlement of civil disputes. – 1.     In every suit or proceeding, endeavour shall be made b...
27Appointment of Conciliators
27. Appointment of Conciliators. – 1.     For the purposes of section 26, the District Court shall, in consultation with the District Magistrate, prepare a ...
28Transfer of civil disputes
28. Transfer of civil disputes. – The District Court having jurisdiction may, on an application made by any party or when there is considerable pendency of c...
Chapter VIProcedure Generally
29Proceedings to be in the official language of the State
Chapter VI: Procedure Generally29. Proceedings to be in the official language of the State. – The proceedings before the Gram Nyayalaya and its judgment shal...
30Application of Indian Evidence Act, 1872
30. Application of Indian Evidence Act, 1872. – A Gram Nyayalaya may receive as evidence any report, statement, document, information or matter that may, in ...
31Record of oral evidence
31. Record of oral evidence. – In suits or proceedings before a Gram Nyayalaya, it shall not be necessary to record the evidence of witnesses at length, but ...
32Evidence of formal character on affidavit
32. Evidence of formal character on affidavit. – 1.     The evidence of any person where such evidence is of a formal character, may be given by affidavit a...
Chapter VIIAppeal
33Appeal in criminal cases
Chapter VII: Appeal33. Appeal in criminal cases. – 1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 or any other law, no ap...
34Appeal in civil cases
34. Appeal in civil cases. – 1.     Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 or any other law, and subject to sub-section (2)...
Chapter VIIIMiscellaneous
35Assistance of police to Gram Nyayalayas
Chapter VIII: Miscellaneous35. Assistance of police to Gram Nyayalayas. – 1.     Every police officer functioning within the local limits of jurisdiction of...
36Nyayadhikaris and employees, etc., to be public servants
36. Nyayadhikaris and employees, etc., to be public servants. – The Nyayadhikaris and the officers and other employees of the Gram Nyayalayas shall be deemed,...
37Inspection of Gram Nyaya-layas
37. Inspection of Gram Nyaya-layas. – The High Court may authorise any judicial officer superior in rank to the Nyayadhikari to inspect the Gram Nyayalayas w...
38Power to remove difficulties
1.     If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make...
39Power of High Court to make rules
39. Power of High Court to make rules. – 1.     The High Court may, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act. 2.     In par...
40Power of State Government to make rules
40. Power of State Government to make rules. – 1.     The State Government may, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act. 2. ...
SchedulesFirst Schedule (See Sections 12 and 14)
First Schedule (See Sections 12 and 14) Part I: Offences under the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860), Etc.       i.        offences not punishable with death,...
Second Schedule (See Sections 13 and 14)
Second Schedule (See Sections 13 and 14) Part I: Suits of a Civil Nature within the Jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalayas       i.        Civil Disputes: a.     ...
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