Sections Particulars
Preliminary
1 Short title
This Act may be called the General Clauses Act,1897; 1[***] ...
2 Repeal
[Repealed by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1903 (1 of 1903)] ...
General Definitions
3 Definitions
In this Act, and in all Central Acts and regulations made after the commencement of this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context- (...
4 Application of foregoing definitions to previous enactment
(1) The definitions in section 3 of the following words and expressions, that is to say, "affidavit", "barrister", 10[* * *] "District Judge", "father", 3[* *...
4A Application of certain definitions to Indian laws
(1) The definitions in section 3 of the expressions "British India", "Central Act", "Central Government", "Chief Controlling Revenue Authority", "Chief Reve...
General Rules Of Construction
5 Coming into operation of enactment
15[(1) Where any Central Act is not expressed to come into operation on particular day, then it shall come into operation on the day on which it receives the ...
5A Coming into operation of Governor-General's Act
6 Effect of repeal
Where this Act, or any 13[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, repeals any enactment hitherto made or hereafter to be made, the...
6A Repeal of Act making textual amendment in Act or Regulation
Where any 13[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act repeals any enactment by which the text of any 13[Central Act] or Regulation ...
7 Revival of repealed enactment
(1) In any 13[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, it shall be necessary, for the purpose of reviving, either wholly or partial...
8 Construction of references to repealed enactment
19[(1) Where this Act, or any 13[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, repeals and re-enacts, with or without modification, any ...
9 Commencement and termination of time
(1) In any 13[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, it shall be sufficient, for the purpose of excluding the first in a series o...
10 Computation of time
(1) Where, by any 12[Central Act ] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, any act or proceeding is directed or allowed to be done or taken in ...
11 Measurement of distances
In the measurement of any distance, for the purpose of any 12[Central Act] or Regulation. made after the commencement of this Act, that distance shall, unless...
12 Duty to be taken pro rata in enactments
Where, by any enactment now in force or hereafter to be in force, any duty of customs or excise, or excise, or in the nature thereof, is leviable on any given ...
13 Gender and number
In all 12[Central Acts] or Regulations, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context- (1) words importing the masculine gender shall be taken t...
13A References to the Sovereign
Powers And Functionaries
14 Powers conferred to be exercisable from time to time
(1) Where, by any 12[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, any power is conferred, 24[* * *], then 20[unless a different intenti...
15 Power to appoint to include power to appoint ex officio
Where, by any 12[Central Act] or Regulation, a power to appoint any person to fill any office or execute any function is conferred, then, unless it is otherwi...
16 Power to appoint to include power to suspend or dismiss
Where, by any 12[Central Act] or Regulation, a power to make any appointment is conferred, then, unless a different intention appears, the authority having 25...
17 Substitution of functionaries
(1) In any 12[Central Act] or Regulation, made after the commencement of this Act, it shall be sufficient, for the purpose of indicating the application of a ...
18 Successors
(1) In any 12[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, it shall be sufficient, for the purpose of indicating the relation of a law ...
19 Officials chiefs and sub-ordinates
(1) In any 12[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act, it shall be sufficient, for the purpose of expressing that a law relative to...
Provisions As To Orders, Rules, Etc. Made Under Enactments
20 Construction of notifications, etc., issued under enactments
Where, by any 12[Central Act] or Regulation, a power to issue any 26[notification], order, scheme, rule, form, or bye-law is conferred, then expressions used ...
21 Power to issue, to include power to add to, amend, vary or rescind notifications, orders, rules or bye-laws
Where, by any 13[Central Act] or Regulation, a power to 27[issue notifications],orders, rules or bye-laws is conferred, then that power includes a power, exer...
22 Making of rules or bye-laws and issuing of orders between passing and commencement of enactment
Where, by any 13[Central Act] or Regulation which is not to come into force immediately, on the passing thereof, a power is conferred to make rules or bye-law...
23 Provisions applicable to making of rules or bye-laws after previous publication
Where, by any 13[Central Act] or Regulation, a power to make rules or bye-laws is expressed to be given subject to the condition of the rules or bye-laws bein...
24 Continuation of orders, etc. issued under enactments repealed and re-enacted
Where any 13[Central Act] or Regulation, is, after the commencement of this Act, repealed and re-enacted with or without modification, then, unless it is othe...
Miscellaneous
25 Recovery of fines
Sections 63 to 70 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) and the provisions of the 33[Code of Criminal Procedure (5 of 1898)] for the time being in force in re...
26 Provision as to offences punishable under two or more enactments
Where an act or omission constitutes an offence under two or more enactments, then the offender shall be liable to be prosecuted and punished under either or ...
27 Meaning of service by post
Where any 13[Central Act] or Regulation made after the commencement of this Act authorizes or requires any document to be served by post, where the expression...
28 Citation of enactments
(1) In any 4l[Central Act] or Regulation, and in any rule, bye-law, instrument or document, made under, or with reference to any such Act or Regulation, any e...
29 Saving for previous enactments, rules and bye-laws
The provisions of this Act respecting the construction of Acts, Regulations, rules or bye-laws made after the commencement of this Act shall not affect the co...
30 Application of Act to Ordinances
In this Act the expression 13[Central Act], wherever it occurs, except in section 5 and the word "Act" in 34[clauses (9), (13), (25), (40), (43), (52) and (54...
30A Application of Act to Acts made by the Governor General [Rep. by the AO, 1937.]
31 Construction of references to Local Government of a Province [Rep. by the AO, 1937.]
The Schedule Enactments repealed [Rep. by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1903 (1 of 1903) s. 4 and Sch. III ]
Foot Notes
1 The word "and" in sub-s. (1) and the sub-s. (2) rep. by Act No. 10 of 1914. 2 Substituted by the AO 1950, for the former section. 3 The word "and" omitted b...
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