Sections Particulars
Chapter I Preliminary
1 Short title, extent and commencement
(1) This Act may be called the Family Courts Act, 1984. (2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. (3) It shall come into for...
2 Definitions
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-(a) "Judge" means the Judge or, as the case may be, the Principal Judge, Additional Principal Judge or oth...
Chapter II Family Courts
3 Establishment of Family Courts
(1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Family Court by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High ...
4 Appointment of Judges
(1) The State Government may, with the concurrence of the High Court, appoint one or more persons to be the Judge or Judges of a Family Court. (2) When a Fami...
5 Association of social welfare agencies, etc.
The State Government may, in consultation with the High Court, provide, by rules, for the association, in such manner and for such purposes and subject to suc...
6 Counselors, officers and other employees of Family Courts
(1) The State Government shall, in consultation with the High Court, determine the number and categories of counselors, officers and other employees required ...
Chapter III Jurisdiction
7 Jurisdiction
(1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, a Family Court shall- (a) have and exercise all the jurisdiction exercisable by any district court or any sub...
8 Exclusion of jurisdiction and pending proceedings
Where a Family Court has been established for any area,- (a) no district court or any subordinate civil court referred to in sub-section (1) of section 7 shal...
Chapter IV Procedure
9 Duty of Family Court to make efforts for settlement
(1) In every suit or proceeding, endeavor shall be made by the Family Court in the first instance, where it is possible to do so consistent with the nature an...
10 Procedure generally
(1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act and the rules, the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) and of any other law for the ti...
11 Proceedings to be held in camera
In every suit or proceedings to which this Act applies, the proceedings may be held in camera if the Family Court so desires and shall be so held if either pa...
12 Assistance of medical and welfare experts
In every suit or proceedings, it shall be open to a Family Court to secure the services of a medical expert or such person (preferably a woman where available...
13 Right to legal representation
Notwithstanding anything contained in any law, no party to a suit or proceeding before a Family Court shall be entitled, as of right, to be represented by a l...
14 Application of Indian Evidence Act, 1872
A Family Court may receive as evidence any report, statement, documents, information or matter that may, in its opinion, assist it to deal effectually with a ...
15 Record of oral evidence
In suits or proceedings before a Family Court, it shall not be necessary to record the evidence of witnesses at length, but the Judge, as the examination of e...
16 Evidence of formal character on affidavit
(1) The evidence of any person where such evidence is of a formal character, may be given by affidavit and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evi...
17 Judgment
Judgment of a Family Court shall contain a concise statement of the case, the point for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for such decision....
18 Execution of decrees and orders
(1) A decree or an order [other than an order under Chapter IX of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)], passed by a Family Court shall have the s...
Chapter V Appeal And Revision
19 Appeal
(1) Save as provided in sub-section (2) and notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) or in the Code of Criminal Pro...
Chapter VI Miscellaneous
20 Act to have overriding effect
The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any ...
21 Power of High Court to make rules
(1) The High Court may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make such rules as it may deem necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act. (2) In pa...
22 Power of the Central Government to make rules
(1) The Central Government may, with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of India, by notification, make rules prescribing the other qualifications for appoi...
23 Power of the State Government to make rules
(1) The State Government may, after consultation with the High Court, by notification, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act. (2) In particular...
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