Sections Particulars
Part I Preliminary
1 Short title, extent and commencement
.- (1) This Act may be called the Limitation Act, 1963.(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.(3) It shall come into force ...
2 Definitions
.- In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--(a) "" includes-(i) a petitioner;(ii) any person from or through whom an applicant derives his right to...
Part II Limitation Of Suits, Appeals And Applications
3 Bar of limitation
.- (1) Subject to the provisions contained in sections 4 to 24 (inclusive), every suit instituted, appeal preferred, and application made after the prescribed...
4 Expiry of prescribed period when court is closed
.- Where the prescribed period for any suit, appeal, or application expires on a day when the court is closed, the suit, appeal or application may be institut...
5 Extension of prescribed period in certain cases
.- Any appeal or any application, other than an application under any of the provisions of Order XXI of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) may be a...
6 Legal disability
.- (1) Where a person entitled to institute a suit or make application for the execution of a decree is, at the time from which the prescribed period is to be...
7 Disability of one of several persons
.- Where one of several person jointly entitled to institute a suit or make an application for the execution of a decree is under any such disability, and a d...
8 Special exceptions
.- Nothing in section 6 or in section 7 applies to suits to enforce rights of pre-emption, or shall be deemed to extend, for more than three years from the ce...
9 Continuous running of time
.- Where once time has begun to run, no subsequent disability or inability to institute a suit or make an application stops it:that, where letters of administr...
10 Suits against trustees and their representatives
.- Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this Act, no suit against a person in whom property has become vested in trust for any sp...
11 Suits on contracts entered into outside the territories to which the Act extends
.- (1) Suits instituted in the territories to which this Act extends on contracts entered into in the State of Jammu and Kashmir or in a foreign country shall...
Part III Computation Of Period Of Limitation
12 Exclusion of time in legal proceedings
.- (1) In computing the period of limitation for any suit, appeal or application, the day from which such period is to be reckoned, shall be excluded.(2) In c...
13 Exclusion of time in cases where leave to sue or appeal as a pauper is applied for
.- In computing the period of limitation prescribed for any suit or appeal in any case where an application for leave to sue or appeal as a pauper has been ma...
14 Exclusion of time of proceeding bona fide in court without jurisdiction
.- (1) In computing the period of limitation for any suit the time during which the plaintiff has been prosecuting with due diligence another civil proceeding...
15 Exclusion of time in certain other cases
.- (1) In computing the period of limitation for any suit or application for the execution of a decree, the institution or execution of which has been stayed ...
16 Effect of death on or before the accrual of the right to sue
.- (1) Where a person who would, if he were living, have a right to institute a suit or make an application dies the right accrues, or where a right to insti...
17 Effect of fraud or mistake
.- (1) Where, in the case of any suit or application for which a period of limitation is prescribed by this Act,--(a) the suit or application is based upon the...
18 Effect of acknowledgment in writing
.- (1) Where, before the expiration of the prescribed period for a suit or application in respect of any property or right, an acknowledgment of liability in ...
19 Effect of payment on account of debt or of interest on legacy
.- Where payment on account of a debt or of interest on legacy is made before the expiration of the prescribed period by the person liable to pay the debt or...
20 Effect of acknowledgment or payment by another person
.- (1) The expression "agent duly authorized in this behalf" in sections 18 and 19 shall, in the case of a person under disability, include his lawful guardia...
21 Effect of substituting or adding new plaintiff or defendant
.- (1) Where after the institution of a suit, a new plaintiff or defendant is substituted or added, the suit shall, as regards him, be deemed to have been in...
22 Continuing breaches and torts
.- In the case of a continuing breach of contract or in the case of a continuing tort, a fresh period of limitation begins to run at every moment of the time ...
23 Suits for compensation for acts not actionable without special damage
.- In the case of a suit for compensation for an act which does not give rise to a cause of action unless some specific injury actually results there from, th...
24 Computation of time mentioned in instruments
.- All instruments shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed to be made with reference to the Gregorian calendar....
Part IV Acquisition Of Ownership By Possession
25 Acquisition of easement by prescription
.- (1) Where the access and use of light or air to and for any building have been peaceably enjoyed therewith as an easement, and as of right, without interru...
26 Exclusion in favor of reversioner of servient tenement
.- Where any land or water upon, over or from , which any easement has been enjoyed or derived has been held under or by virtue of any interest for life or in...
27 Extinguishment of right to property
.- At the determination of the period hereby limited to any person for instituting a suit for possession of any property, his right to such property shall be ...
Part V Miscellaneous
28 Amendment of certain Acts
.- In the Indian Easements Act, 1882, (5 of 1882) in section 15, for the words "sixty years", the words "thirty years" shall be substituted; and in the Code C...
29 Savings
.- (1) Nothing in this Act shall affect section 25 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 (9 of 1872).(2) Where any special or local law prescribes for any suit, ap...
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