SectionsParticulars
1Short title and extent
(1) This Act may be called the Census Act, 1948.{Subs., ibid., for the former sub-section.}[(2) It extends to the whole of India {Subs. by Act 51 of 1950, s....
2Rule of construction respecting enactments not extending to part B States
Any reference to the Indian Penal Code or the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, shall, in relation to a Part B State, be construed as a r reference to the correspond...
3Central Government to take census
The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare its intention of taking a census in the whole or any part of the territories to ...
4Appointment of ceases staff
(1) The Central Government may appoint a Census Commissioner to supervise the taking of the census throughout the area in which the census is intended to be ...
5Status of census authorities as public servants
The Census Commissioner, all Superintendents of Census Operations and all census-officers shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of the Ind...
6Discharge of duties of census officers in certain cases
(1) Where the District Magistrate, or such authority as the State Government may appoint in this behalf, by a written order so directs-(a) every officer in ...
7Powers call upon certain persons to assistance
The District Magistrate, or such authority as the State Government may appoint in this behalf for any local area, may, by written order which shall have effe...
8Asking of questions and obligation to answer
(1) A census-officer may ask all such questions of all persons within the limits of the local area for which he is appointed as, by instructions issued in th...
9Occupier to permit access and affixing of numbers
Every person occupying any house, enclosure, vessel or other place shall allow census-officers such access thereto as they may require for the purposes of t...
10Occupier or manager to fill up schedule
(1) Subject to such orders as the State Government may issue in this behalf, a census-officer may, within the local area for which he is appointed, leave or ...
11Penalties
(1) (a) Any census-officer or any person lawfully required to give assistance towards the taking of a census who refuses or neglects to use reasonable dilige...
12Sanction required for prosecutions
No prosecution under this Act shall be instituted except with the previous sanction of the State Government or of an authority authorized in this behalf by t...
13Operation of other laws not barred
Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to prevent any person from being prosecuted under any other law for any act or omission which constitutes an offence unde...
14Jurisdiction
No court inferior to that of a Presidency Magistrate or a Magistrate of the second class {Ins.by Act 51 of 1950, s.4.} [or in a Part B State, a Magistrate c...
15Records of census not open to inspection nor admissible in evidence
No person shall have a right to inspect any book, register or record made by a census-officer in the discharge of his duty as such, or any schedule delivered...
16Temporary suspension of other laws as to mode of taking census in municipalities
Notwithstanding anything in any enactment or rule with respect to the mode in which a census is to be taken in any municipality, the municipal authority, in ...
17Grant of statistical abstracts
The Census Commissioner or any Superintendent of Census Operations or such person as the State Government may authorizes in this behalf may, if he so thinks ...
18Power to make rules
(1) The Central Government may make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing...
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