Criminal lawyers are accreditedlegal professionals who are authorized by law to protect the legal rights oftheir clients. A career in law as a criminal lawyer requiresyou to represent your client, usually accused of committing a crime. Criminal lawyers usually prefer to be paid upfront or instantly on the day of theirrepresentation.
Criminal Law Practice
There are two options if you are planning to pursue a career in lawwith criminal law as the focus area. Criminal lawyers can either be publicdefenders or work as private criminal defense lawyers. The public defenders areappointed and remunerated by the government to represent those who are accusedbut cannot afford a lawyer.
Private criminal lawyers can establish a career in law by gettingassociated with law firms or practice independently. They are known to chargeexorbitant fees for representing clients because a charge under criminal law ismore threatening and difficult to represent than any other charge. For the samereason, it is a male dominated sphere, requiring male advocates to be familiarwith proceedings in police stations and in dealing with crime scenes at anytime of the day or night. The relationship between the police and criminallawyers is a friendly one due to the nature of their work and the regularity oftheir interactions in cases. In India, the most famous name among criminaldefense lawyers is Mr. Ram Jethmalani, who has several high profile defensecases to his credit.
The main tasks of a criminal lawyer are to ascertain the facts, viewthem with a clear legal perspective and present them in his client’s favor suchthat it is proved that the offense was not executed by the accused.
To become a criminal lawyer in India, a law graduate does not haveto specialize in criminal law. After completion of the Bachelor’s degree inlaw, one can assist a well-known criminal lawyer and learn the tricks of thetrade with every case he works on. The other route that can be taken forpursuing a career in law is to enroll for a Master’s degree in criminology. Thespecific topics covered in Master’s course in criminology are, such as criminallaw, specific crimes, codes or criminal procedure, practice and procedure incriminal law and concepts of criminal jurisprudence. Many lawyers alsochoose to pursue a masters in criminal justice or a similar major torefine their legal expertise. There are a number of programs online and offlineavailable to potential lawyers.
A law graduate can also specialize in several disciplines ofcriminal law, such as:
· Criminology and Forensic Science.
· Cyber Crime.
· Human Rights.
· Sexual abuse.
· Domestic Violence.
· Crime against Women.
· Murder, kidnapping, robbery andtheft.
· Criminal Trial & CriminalAppeal.
· Anti-Hijacking Matters & Anti-TerroristMatters.
· Bail (Anticipatory & Regular)and Criminal Revision.
Studying any of the above disciplines as a specialization will givea boost to your career in law as a criminal lawyer.