Right To Housing In The Indian Context
By Team Legistify / 2017-07-11
Housing is at the centre of an ensemble of life issues, including the child’s right to be brought up in a safe environment. The rights to housing and security are interconnected. While poor housing conditions affect health, homelessness and frequent displacements are shown to impair the child’s learning. The Right to Housing has been recognized in India under the scope of Article 21. However, poverty induced homelessness still continues to hamper nations overall development.

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The Right to Housing is something that is to be construed as an element that is at the roots of the socio-economic rights. This is by virtue of the reason that adequate housing provides a platform to the people to gain access to numerous other socio-economic rights such as the right to development, right to peace, right to health etc. One often fails to realise that right to housing doesn’t only include four walls and one roof over one’s head but it has various nuances to it. In other words, if one tries to explore the realm of as to what all can be rooted to back to the right to housing, then that person will definitely be overwhelmed by the plethora of rights be natural or constitutional in nature.

Right to housing is very important to a person because of the reason that a house, in better words, ‘a home provides for the individuals psychological needs of having a personal space and privacy; basic space for executing social protocols which forge and nurture new as well as old relation; physical requirement of general security and protection from the harsh weather etc.’.

International Recognition

Right to adequate housing has been recognised a part of the right to basic standards of living in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The right to adequate housing can be construed as a benchmark for gauging the willingness of the state to fulfil a basic human right. The right to adequate housing is relevant to all States, as they have all ratified at least one international treaty referring to adequate housing and committed themselves to protecting the right to adequate housing through international declarations, plans of action or conference outcome documents.

Key aspects of Right to Housing

Housing is at the centre of an ensemble of life issues, including the child’s right to be brought up in a safe environment. The rights to housing and security are interconnected. While poor housing conditions affect health, homelessness and frequent displacements are shown to impair the child’s learning. The Right to Housing has been recognized in India under the scope of Article 21. However, poverty induced homelessness still continues to hamper nations overall development.

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