Alekh (Hindi) = Record (English)
History of Bhulekh in India is as old as Indus Civilization . In Mughal era, there was a system of maintenance of land records (bhulekh) and this system evolved and became more scientific under British rule.
After independence, the State Government has been maintaining these land records. In order to make the system more accurate and user-friendly, central government sponsored a scheme Computerization of Land Records (CLR) in 1988-89.
In 2008 Indian Government started National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) to develop a modern, comprehensive and transparent land records management system in India. Under NLRMP, states are digitizing the Records of Rights (RoR) and other land information including maps (bhu naksha). Each State maintains their own bhulekh website where anyone can get land record information online. With the help of Bhulekh service system, one can access Land Records such as Khasra-khatauni , jamabandi (Record of Rights), the copy of jamabandi (nakal), fard etc.
WHAT IS KHASRA-KHATAUNI?
Khasra ( ???? ): A khasra is a legal agricultural document used in India that specifies land and crop details. Khasras traditionally means “all the fields and their areas, measurement, who owns and what cultivators he employs, what crops, what sort of soil, what trees are on the land”.
Khasra Number: Khasra Numbers are land parcel identification numbers denoted by the revenue department of the state. This number is expected to be unique within a village. If it is not unique contact your nearest land record office or NIC to correct it.
Khatauni ( ????? ): A khatauni is an abstract based on the khasras of a village that lists out all the holdings of an individual or family in that village. In other words, all khasras that belong to a given individual will be listed in the khatauni of that individual.
Jamabandi: Jamabandi is a land Record of Rights (ROR) of a village. The Jamabandi Register contains the name of owners, the area of land, shares of owners, other rights, cultivation, rent and revenue and other taxes payable on land. It is known by a different name like fard, parcha or many other different names in different areas, but the most common name is Jamabandi.
BHULEKH- U.P LAND RECORDS
It was very difficult to get land related information like Records of Right, fard, Khasra Khatauni, Bhu naksha and other information. NLRMP program has solved this problem by developing a website. The website is developed by National Informatics Center (NIC Lucknow). The website is in Hindi and has a very easy user interface. One can search bhulekh by Khasra number or khata number or name after filtering district, tehsil and village.
How to check online land records (Bhulekh) in UP?
- First of all, go to official website of Bhulekh UP (http://bhulekh.up.nic.in). Then click on “???? ???? ?? ??? ????.” Here you can see district names on the left-hand side of the website.
- Select your district from the list. When you select the district from the list website, it shows you tehsil names of district selected.
- Now you have to select your tehsil name. Once you will select tehsil name it will show you the village names of the selected tehsil.
- Next step is to select village name and click on “???” button.
- Now you can search land records with any of the following three options.
- Khasra number (???? ???? ??????).
- Khata number (??? ???? ??????)
- Name (??? ??????)
List of districts in UP is given on the website in which you can check the land record.
BHULEKH- BIHAR LAND RECORDS
Like U.P, Bihar Government is also digitizing its land records (khata khasara) under Central Government’s National Land Record Modernization Program (NLRMP) scheme. Currently, 31 out of 38 districts in the state have been updated on the official website of Bihar’s revenue and land reform department lrc.bih.nic.in/ror.aspx with land records (khata Khasara).
How to check online land records (Bhulekh) in Bihar?
- First of all, go to the link http://lrc.bih.nic.in/ror.aspx
2. Select your district from Bihar map on the page. Once you select your district it will show all Anchals of your district.
3. Select your desired Anchal from the map
4. After selecting the Anchal, it will show you the list of all Mouza on the left side.
5. There are 2 ways to select mouza:
- You can select the mouza from the list or
- You can filter mouza list by clicking alphabets given on right side.
6. To search your land records you will get different options, select one of the searching options.
- Look all records by Khatas from particular Mouza
- Look all records by Khata numbers from particular Mouza
- Look at the Khata Number
- Look by Khasra Number
- Look by the Khata Owners name
7. Once you select the options click on the search (Khata Khoje) button
8. Once you have your land details you can take the print out of the record.
BHULEKH- ORISSA LAND RECORD
In order to avail online land record, Revenue and Disaster Management Department, Orissa has developed a Land Records Portal. This portal is popularly known as Bhulekh Orissa and available online at http://bhulekh.ori.nic.in/RoRView.aspx
Currently, Bhulekh Orissa official website is maintaining 1,47,77,930 khatiyans of 51,679 villages. The website has records of 30 districts of Orrisa. These districts are divided into 317 Tehsils and 2413 RI circles to manage bhulekh records.
The digitisation of land records, which helps in carrying out online mutation entries in land records, is being introduced for all the districts in by the end of 2017. This decision has been taken at a high-level meeting held under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi here Saturday.The e-mutation programme was successfully implemented in seven tehsils including Boudh, Jatni, Khurda, Nayagarh, Chhatrapaur, Phulbani, Nayagarh and Jharsuguda on a pilot basis. Now, it would be extended to 317 tehsils of the state, official sources said.
How to check online land records (Bhulekh) in Orissa?
Users have to select the name of the district, sub division, tehsil, name of the village and Khatiyan number or plot number or tenant name to view the land record online. Maps and related forms are also available on this portal.
Here are the steps to check Orissa land records (RoR) on Bhulekh Orissa site:
- Click on the link http://bhulekh.ori.nic.in/RoRView.aspx
- In ‘Select Location for RoR’ select your district name from the drop-down.
- Select Tahsil
- Select village
Now choose any of the following options to search your land record.
How to view Plot Map (Bhunaksha)?
Bhulekh Orissa also provides plot map (bhunaksha) online through its web portal. To view or print plot map (bhunaksha) in Orissa follow simple steps given below.
- Click on the link http://bhulekh.ori.nic.in/RoRView.aspx
- Click on ‘Map View’ link on the menu bar.
- Select your district, Tahsil, village and plot number from down.
- Click ‘View Map’ button to view your plot map.
WHAT IS THE LEGAL VALUE OF BHULEKH?
Bhulekh is very important and user-friendly system to keep the land record and it is very helpful for many reasons.
- To resolve legal disputes or other legal matter.
- To sell or buy the piece of land.
- To open an account in the bank.
- To get a loan from the bank or any financial organization.
- To keep the personal record of the property.
- To divide the piece of land i.e. subdivision of the land.
- To check and track the status of alteration i.e. Mutation status.
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