The Displaced Innocence: Human Trafficking In India
By Team Legistify / 2016-12-31
Trafficking of Humans is a serious and grave offence which directly infringes Human Rights. It takes a heinous turn when innocent children are involved, often done with the hideous intentions of sexually exploiting children. There are many institutions, both, legal and socio-economic to check upon and to prohibit such activities. However, they still remain prevalent today in many countries primarily due to weak implementation of the legal instruments, specifically ratified or adopted to curb the issue. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.

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Human Trafficking has been prevalent for a long time. Earlier it was accepted in various forms, Slavery being one of them. Human Trafficking has been defined by various legal systems across the world, sharing certain characteristics. The United Nation adopted a standard definition of the term in Article 3 of the  Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking in Persons Protocol).

Paragraph (a) of the article defines trafficking in persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

Child Trafficking is another synonym for Child abuse. Children are more vulnerable than adults and thus pose as easy targets for traffickers. Children are recruited, moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold. Children are usually trafficked for the purpose of; sexual exploitation, benefiting from fraud, forced marriage, domestic servitude (Cleaning, Cooking etc.), forced labour in factories and industries, criminal activities (Pickpocketing, begging, transportation of drugs)

International framework

In its resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, the United Nation General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and two of its supplementary Protocols namely: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea.

Trafficking of Humans is a serious and grave offence which directly infringes Human Rights. It takes a heinous turn when innocent children are involved, often done with the hideous intentions of sexually exploiting children. There are many institutions, both, legal and socio-economic to check upon and to prohibit such activities. However, they still remain prevalent today in many countries primarily due to weak implementation of the legal instruments, specifically ratified or adopted to curb the issue. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.

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