Law On Prevention Of Child Labour In India

Which Indian law prevents child labour?
Posted 1 year ago  | 
General Legal,Human Rights
General Legal Human Rights

2 Answer(s)

Legistify
Advocate

Laws for prevention of child labour

The Factories Act of 1948- It prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory.
The Mines Act of 1952– It prohibits the employment of children below the age of 18 years in any mines as it is one of the most dangerous occupations and many accidents have happened in the past where children were severely injured or even killed.
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986– According to this Act, children below the age of 14 years cannot be employed for the work involving the use of hazardous substances and the list of the works involving hazardous substances is provided in the Act. According to section 3 of the Act, any person who violates the provisions of the act shall be liable for an imprisonment of not less than 3 months and which can be extended to 1 year or with a fine of rupees 10,000 which may extend to 20,000 rupees or with both.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act, 2000– This Act for the first time penalized the offence of child labour. Any person who contravenes the provisions of the Act is penalized with an imprisonment for a certain term and fines or with both.

Ravindra Purohit
Advocate
Few notable laws are : 1.The Factories Act - prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory. The law also placed rules on who, when and how long can pre-adults aged 15–18 years be employed in any factory. 2.The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act - The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law. The list was expanded in 2006, and again in 2008. 3.The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act - This law made it a crime, punishable with a prison term, for anyone to procure or employ a child in any hazardous employment or in bondage.