Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any person otherwise than on grave and sudden provocation given by that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both.

Simply put

Grave and sudden provocation will not lessen the penalty for an offence under this section if the provocation is sought or voluntarily provoked by the offender as an excuse for the offence, or if it is given by anything done while obeying the law, or by a public servant in the lawful exercise of the powers of such public servant, or if it is given by anything done in the lawful exercise of the right of private defence. The person shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to 3 months, or with fine extending up to 500 rupees, or with both.

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