IPC Section 18
"India" means the territory of India excluding
the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
In this act the term "India" means the territory of India except the state of Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu & Kashmir have their own Penal Code).
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The word "Judge" denotes not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but also every person who is empowered by law to give, in any legal proceeding, civil or criminal, a definitive judgment, or a judgment which, if not appealed against, would be definitive, or a judgment which, if confirmed by some other authority, would be definitive, or who is one of a body of persons, which body of persons is empowered by law to give such a judgment.» Read More
The words "public servant" denote a person falling under any of the descriptions hereinafter following, namely:-- 1* * * * Second.--Every Commissioned Officer in the Military, [Naval or Air] Forces [4**** of India]; [Third.--Every Judge including any person empowered by law to discharge, whether by himself or as a member of any body of persons. any adjudicatory functions;] Fourth.--Every officer of a Court of Justice [(including a liquidator, receiver or commissioner)] whose duty it is, as such officer, to investigate or report on any matter of law or fact, or to make, authenticate, or keep any document, or to take charge or dispose of any property, or to execute any judicial process, or to administer any oath, or to interpret, or to preserve order in the Court, and every person specially authorized by a Court of Justice to perform any of such duties; Fifth.--Every juryman, assessor, or member of a panchayat assisting a Court of Justice or public servant; Sixth.--Every arbitrator or other person to whom any cause or matter has been referred for decision or report by any Court of Justice, or by any other competent public authority; Seventh.--Every person who holds any office by virtue of which he is empowered to place or keep any person in confinement; Eighth.--Every officer of [the Government] whose duty it is, as such officer, to prevent offences, to give information of offences, to bring offenders to justice, or to protect the public health, safety or convenience; Ninth.--Every officer whose duty it is as such officer, to take, receive, keep or expend any property on behalf of [the Government], or to make any survey, assessment or contract on behalf of [the Government], or to execute any revenue- process, or to investigate, or to report, on any matter affecting the pecuniary interests of [the Government], or to make authenticate or keep any document relating to the pecuniary interests of [the Government], or to prevent the infraction of any law for the protection of the pecuniary interests of [the Government]; Tenth.--Every officer whose duty it is, as such officer, to take, receive, keep or expend any property, to make any survey or assessment or to levy any rate or tax for any secular common purpose of any village, town or district, or to make, authenticate or keep any document for the ascertaining of the rights of the people of any village, town or district; [Eleventh.--Every person who holds any office in virtue of which he is empowered to prepare, publish, maintain or revise an electoral roll or to conduct an election or part of an election;] [Twelfth.--Every person-- (a) in the service or pay of the Government or remunerated by fees or commission for the performance of any public duty by the Government; (b) in the service or pay of a local authority, a corporation established by or under a Central, Provincial or State Act or a Government company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956).]» Read More